Category: Uncategorized

الوارث

  • Al-Waarith (The Inheritor of all)

This name of Allah came in the Holy Quraan in three places in plural form. The translation of the verses is:

Surah Al-Hijr 23;


(15:23) It is indeed We Who grant life and cause death and it is We who shall be the sole Inheritors of all.15

Exp. note 15:

15. It is to impress this: Your worldly life and all you possess are transitory and temporary, and Allah alone is Eternal. Your end shall come sooner or later, and you shall leave everything behind in this world, which will again become a part of Our treasure.

Surah Al-Anbiyaa verse 89:


(21:89) And We bestowed favour upon Zakariah, when he cried to his Lord: “Lord! Leave me not solitary (without any issue). You are the Best Inheritor.” 

Surah Al-Qasas 58:


(28:58) And how many a town did We destroy whose inhabitants exulted on account of their affluence. These are their dwellings in which very few dwelt after them. Eventually it is We Who inherited them.82
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Exp. note 82:

82. This is the second answer to their excuse. It means to imply this: The worldly wealth and prosperity of which you are so proud and whose probable danger of loss makes you stick to falsehood and turn away from the truth. This was also possessed once by Aad and Thamud and Saba and the people of Lot. Then, did it save them from destruction? After all, a high standard of living is not the only aim in life that man should endeavor to pursue it regardless of every consideration for truth and falsehood, and refuse to accept the right way only because there was a risk of losing it if one did so. Do you have any guarantee that if you persisted in the errors and evils that ruined the prosperous peoples of the past, you would remain safe and never meet the doom that they met?
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In the verse 58 of the Surah Al-Qasas:

Allah Ta’aala reminded the idolaters of Makkah the rich proud nations of the past who were destroyed due to their disbelief! Their dwellings could be seen by the arrogant disbelievers of Makkah. Allah had also provided the idolaters of Makkah lots of blessings but they worshipped false deities and rejected the massage of truth given by Muhammad salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam. So they were warned of the same end.

So everyone and everything will pass away and perish while Allah shall exist and live forever. Then all the belongings of mankind and Jinn etc. will be left to Allah. Thus Allah is the Inheritor of all!!!

Allah said in surah Maryam verse 40:

(19:40) Ultimately, We shall inherit the earth and whatever is on it; to Us shall they be returned.
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In this verse is a warning for those who got involved in the love and achievements of this world and forgot the purpose for which they came to this world. So they must think deeply about the fact that the world will go away from them and they will pass away empty-handed from this world to the next one and then they will be recompensed according to their faith and deeds that they did here.

Now is our turn. We must remember that we are going to pass away very soon. This entire world belongs to Allah Azza wa Jall. Nothing of the wealth, property and worldly things belong to us in real sense. But whatever we have here will remain here and Allah’s world will be inherited by Allah while we shall be judged for the worldly things. Then the obedient believers shall be admitted to Jannah while the disobedient and unbelievers shall be admitted to Hell.

Surely, Allah All-Mighty is the ultimate Inheritor of everything while we are all mortal and accountable.

الباقي

  • Al-Baaqee (The Everlasting One)

Everything will perish except Allah Azza wa Jall. Allah said in Surah Al-Rahmaan (Ar-Rahmaan) verse 26 and 27 (Its English translation is):

(55:26) All 25 that is on earth will perish,

(55:27) only the Person of your Lord, full of majesty and splendour, will endure. 

(55:28) So which of the wonders of your Lord will you twain – you men and jinn – then deny?26
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Exp. note 25:

25. From here to verse 30, the jinn and the men have been informed of two realities:
First, neither you are immortal nor the provisions that you are enjoying in this world everlasting. Immortal and everlasting is the Being of the High and Supreme God alone Whose greatness this universe testifies, and by Whose grace and kindness you have been favored with these bounties. Now, if someone among you behaves arrogantly, it would be due to his own meanness. If a foolish person assumes haughtiness in his tiny sphere of authority, or becomes god of a few helpless men who fall into his hand, this force would not last long. A godhead that lags for a mere score or two score years in a corner of the earth whose size in this limitless universe is not even equal to a pea seed, and then becomes a legend of the past, is not something of which one may feel proud and arrogant.

The other important truth of which both these creations have been warned is: None of those whom you have set up as deities and removers of hardships and fulfiller of needs, apart from Allah, whether they are angels or prophets or the moon and the sun, or some other creation, can fulfill any of your needs. These helpless creatures and things themselves stand in need of Allah’s help for their needs and requirements. They themselves pray to Him for help. When they are not able to remove their own hardships, how will they remove your hardships? Whatever is happening in this limitless universe, from the earth to the heavens, is happening under the command of One God alone. No one else has any share in His Godhead. No one therefore can influence anyone else’s destiny in any way.

Exp. note 26:

26. Here, as the context itself shows, the word alaa has been used in the sense of excellences and perfections. Whoever of the mortal creatures is involved in vanity and self-arrogance and struts about thinking that his false godhead is everlasting, disavows Lord of the world’s glory and majesty by his conduct, if not by his tongue. His pride and arrogance by itself is a denial of Allah All-Mighty’s greatness and glory. Whatever claim he may make to an excellence by his tongue, or arrogate to himself such an excellence, it is indeed a disavowal of the rank and station of the real possessor of excellences and perfections.
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Allah said in surah Al-Furqaan verse 58 (the English translation is):


(25:58) (O Muhammad), put your trust in Him Who is Ever-
Living, Who will never die, and glorify Him with His praise. He suffices as the Knower of the sins of His servants,
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Allah is the Owner of everything and that of the whole Universe. Allah Ta’aala is the Giver of death and life to everyone. Allah HIMSELF shall live forever. This whole universe is going to end at the ordained time by the Command of Allah All-Mighty. All of the mankind and jinn also will come to an end. But Allah will give us another life in the next world where Judgment shall be passed and then the human beings and the jinns shall remain forever, some in Hell and some in Paradise according to their faith and deeds.

Whatever we do here for this world, will perish and whatever good we do for the Hereafter shall remain with Allah to benefit us forever.

Allah Azza wa Jall said in the surah Al-Nahl (An-Nahl) verse 96 (its English translation is):


(16:96) Whatever you have is bound to pass away and whatever is with Allah will last. And We shall surely grant those who have been patient their reward98 according to the best of what they did.

Exp. notes:

1. The wealth and property of this world will perish and the Hereafter is everlasting. Therefore, your goal must be the Hereafter and you must desire and pray for its blessings.

2. Those who will remain steadfast in the severe trials in this world will get their ranks and rewards in the Hereafter according to their excellent deeds.
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Thus Allah Azza wa Jall will live forever but Allah has ordained for us everlasting life in the Hereafter as is proven in the Holy Quraan. For proof see the verses 105, 106, 107 1nd 108 of the surah Hood (surah Hud). Their English translation is:

(11:105) And when the appointed Day comes, no one shall even dare to speak except by the leave of Allah. Then some will be declared wretched, others blessed.

(11:106) As for the wretched, they shall be in the Fire, and in it they shall sigh and groan.

(11:107) They shall abide in it as long as the heavens and the earth endure, unless your Lord may will otherwise. Surely your Lord does whatsoever He wills.

(11:108) And as for those who are blessed, they shall abide in the Garden as long as the heavens and the earth endure, unless your Lord may will otherwise. They shall enjoy an unceasing gift.
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Therefore, we must choose for ourselves Paradise in the Hereafter by striving hard for the pleasure of Allah and abstaining from HIS anger.

البديع

Al-Badee’

(The Originator, The Incomparable)

This Attribute of Allah Azza wa Jall came in the following verses of the Holy Quraan:

Surah Al-Baqarah verse 117 and surah Al-An’aam verse 101

Their English translation is:

Surah Al-Baqarah 117;

(2:117) He is the Originator of the heavens and the earth; whenever He decrees a matter He (merely) says: “Be”, and it is. 

Surah Al-Anaam 101;

(6:101) He is the Originator of the heavens and the earth. How can He have a son when He has had no mate? And He has created everything and He has full knowledge of all things.
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(How can a person created be the offspring of the Creator???)

We know that Allah is the Creator and the Originator of everything.
Al-Baari means the Creator and Faatir means the Originator. Al-Badee’ also means the Originator.

In fact, regarding the Great Names of Allah Ta’aala our knowledge is very limited. We cannot explain the difference between these names. The exact meaning is known to Allah only. But the scholars say that:

Al-Baari means The One  Who creates from nothing. That is there are no elements or compounds, no pre-existing matter/particles etc. Thus Allah Ta’aala created all and everything from nothing.

Al-Badee’, on the other hand, means that there is no pre-existing example or sample or any models but Allah plans a thing and creates it. For example, look at the face of mankind. All of this shape is created by Allah azza wa Jall without any precedents. What a proper shape!!! Allah said in surah Infitaar verses 6, 7 and 8:

(Translation)

(82:6) O man! What has deceived you about your generous Lord 

(82:7) Who created you, shaped you, and made you well-proportioned, 

(82:8) and set you in whatever form He pleased?4
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So Allah gave excellent form and shape to mankind. One can try to imagine the excellence of Allah’s Creative Ability by comparing the faces of different people. There are numerous people in this world, they are all created by Allah Azza wa Jall but all of the faces are different from each other although all have a nose, two eyes, a mouth, two cheeks and a forehead. Look at the structure of hand, what a wonderful proportion of the fingers and palm! What a vast variety of works and functions can be performed by the hand!!!

Look at the wonderful structure of the heaven and the earth! The heaven is decorated with stars so that the darkness of the night becomes lighter and the beauty of the sky at night pleases hearts of people.

The earth is made a stable and attractive place for living. It is said that if the distance of the sun from the earth was a little more, all the inhabitants of the earth would be frozen to death; and if it was a little less, then all would get burned. So Allah made everything balanced and in good proportion!!!

This magnificent universe is created and made by Allah Ta’aala in wonderful and excellent shape. Looking at the excellent creation of Allah a sincere Muslim will go into prostration. Surely, in our own nafs and in the universe there are signs of the Greatness of the Creator, Al-Khaaliq and Al-Badee’

Allah said in the Holy Quraan:
(translation of the verse 53 of the surah Ha-meem Al-Sajdah (the other name of this surah is Fussilat).

(41:53) Soon shall We show them Our Signs on the horizons and in their own beings until it becomes clear to them that it is the Truth.70 Is it not enough that your Lord is a witness over everything?71
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الهادي

Al-Haadee (The Guide)

This beautiful name of Allah came in the Holy Quraan in the following verses:

Surah Al-Hajj verse 54:

54. And so those who were given knowledge may know that it is the truth from your Lord and [therefore] believe in it, and their hearts humbly submit to it. And indeed is Allah the Guide of those who have believed to a straight path.

Surah Al-Furqaan verse 3:

31. And thus have We made for every prophet an enemy from among the criminals. But sufficient is your Lord as a guide and a helper.
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Allah Azza wa Jall is Al-Haadee, The One Who guides HIS servants to all that is good for them in this world and in the Hereafter. And by HIS guidance the awliyaa are led to HIS obedience and to the righteous deeds of HIS Pleasure. Also by the guidance of Allah the animals are guided to do what is good for them and to keep away from the things harmful to them.

Thus Allah created all things and gave them guidance. As Allah said in the surah Al- A’la verses 2 and 3 (their English translation is):
surah Al- A’la verse 2:

(87:2) Who created all things and fashioned them in good proportion;2
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Exp. note 2:

2. That is, He created everything, from the earth to the heavens, in the universe, and gave whatever he created the right proportion and balance and gave every creature the best conceivable form and shape. The same thing has been expressed in Surah As-Sajdah, thus: “Who gave everything He created the best form” (verse 7) Thus, the creation of everything in the world giving it due order and proportion, is an express sign of the truth that some Wise Designer is its Creator. Had the creation of the countless things in the universe been the result of a chance accident, or the work of many creators, there could be no order and balance, no beauty and inner coherence among the many things existing in the world.
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surah Al- A’la verse 3:

(87:3) Who determined3 and guided them,4

Exp.note 3 & 4:

3. Set a destiny: Determined beforehand what would be the function of a certain thing in the world, and for that purpose what would be its size, its form and shape, its qualities, its place of location, and what opportunities and means should be provided for its survival, existence and functioning, when it should come into being, and when and how it should cease to be after completing its part of the work. Such a scheme for a thing is its destiny (taqdir). And this destiny Allah has set for everything in the universe and for the entire universe as a whole. This means that the creation has not come about without a pre-conceived plan, haphazardly, but for it the Creator had a full plan before Him, and everything is happening according to that plan. (For further explanation, see (E.Ns 13, 14 of Surah Al-Hijr); (E.N. 8 of Surah Al-Furqan); (E.N. 25 of Surah Al-Qamar). (E.N. 12 of Surah Abasa).

4. That is, nothing was just created and left to itself, but whatever was created to perform a certain function, it was also taught the method of performing that function. In other words, He is not merely the Creator but Guide too. He has taken the responsibility to give guidance to whatever He has created in a particular capacity to fit its nature and to guide it in the way suitable for it. One kind of guidance is for the earth, the moon, the sun, and the stars and planets, which they are following in performing their role. Another kind of guidance is for water, air, light and the solid and mineral elements, and they are performing the same services for which they have been created accordingly. Still another kind of guidance is for vegetables, according to which they take root and spread in the earth, sprout up from its layers, obtain food from wherever Allah has created it for them, produce stem, branches, leaves, blossom and fruit, and fulfill the function which has been appointed for each of them. Still another kind of guidance is for the countless species of animals of the land, and water, and for each member of the species, the wonderful manifestations of which are clearly visible in the life of the animals and in their works, so much so that even an atheist is compelled to concede that different kinds of animals possess some sort of inspirational knowledge which man cannot obtain even through his instruments, not to speak of his senses. Then, there are two different kinds of guidance for man, which correspond to his two different capacities. One kind of guidance is for his animal life, by which each child learns to suck milk spontaneously on birth, by which the eyes of man, his nose, ear, heart, brain, lungs, kidney, liver, stomach, intestines, nerves, veins and arteries, all are performing their respective functions, without man’s being conscious of it, or his will’s having anything to do with the functions of these organs. This is the guidance under which all physical and mental changes pertaining to childhood, maturity, youth and old age go on taking place in man, independent of his will, choice, even his consciousness. The second kind of guidance is for his intellectual and conscious life, the nature of which is absolutely different from the guidance for unconscious life, for in this sphere of life a kind of freedom has been transferred to man, for which the mode of guidance meant for involuntary life is not suitable. For turning away from this last kind of guidance, man may offer whatever arguments and excuses he may like, it is not credible that the Creator Who has arranged guidance for everything in this universe according to its capacity, might have set for man the destiny that he may appropriate numerous things in His world freely, but might not have made any arrangement to show what is the right way of using his choice and what is the wrong way. (For further explanation, see (E.Ns 9, 10,14, 56 of Surah An-Nahl); (E.N. 23 of Surah TaHa), ( E.Ns 2, 3 of Surah Ar-Rahman); ( E.N. 5 of Surah Ad-Dahr).
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Allah Azza wa Jall said in the surah Taha verse 50:


(20:50) He said: “Our Lord is He22 Who gave everything its form and then guided it.”23
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When Pharaoh (Fir’on) asked the Prophet Musa alaihi salaam as to who was the Lord of the two i.e. who was the Lord of Musa and Haaroon (alaihima salaam), he gave answer as in the above verse (20:50). This verse is explained in the following exp. Notes 22, 23.

Exp. Notes 22, 23:

22. That is, we acknowledge Him alone as our Lord in every sense. He is our Sustainer, our Maker, our Master, our Sovereign and is Supreme in everything, and there is no other Lord in any sense but Him.

23. This concise sentence needs serious attention. It means that it is Allah alone Who has created everything and given it its distinctive structure, form, capabilities, characteristics, etc.

(1) For instance, man has been given the hands and feet which are given the most appropriate structure that was needed for their right functioning.

(2) A human being, an animal, a plant, mineral and the like, air, water and light, everything has been given that particular form which was needed for its right functioning in the universe.

(3) Then He has guided everything aright to function properly. It is He Who has taught everything the way to fulfill that object for which it has been created. He has taught the ear to hear and the eye to see, the fish to swim and the bird to fly; the earth to grow vegetation and the tree to blossom and bear fruit. In short, He is not only the Creator of everything but also its Guide and Teacher.

Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) employed this concise and meaningful sentence to convey the message to Pharaoh and his people. He not only gave a suitable reply to Pharaoh as to who his Lord was, but also told him why He was his Lord, and how there was no other lord but God. The argument implied in it was this: As Pharaoh and every one of his subjects was obliged to Allah for his human form and could not live even for a moment without the functioning of the different parts of his body which were performing their functions in accordance with the guidance of Allah, so Pharaoh’s claim that he was the lord of the people was absurd, and its acknowledgment by his people that he was their lord, a folly.

Besides this, Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) also hinted at the need of Prophethood which was denied by Pharaoh. When Allah guides everything in the universe, He has also to fulfill the need of the guidance of mankind. Whereas the guidance of the animals and birds has been provided by instinct, the guidance of rational human beings has been provided by sending Messengers who appealed to them by rational arguments.
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I think that the verses and the exp. notes given above are sufficient to explain this beautiful name (Al-Haadee) of Allah Azza wa Jall.