Author: Dr. Firdous Aabidah

المعطي, الجواد A l-Mu’tee )The Giver of blessings), Al-Jawaad (The Generous One)

Al-Mu’tee means the giver of all blessings and necessities of life to all mankind and all of the other creatures. Al-Jawaad means the Generous One. Allah is Our Lord Who gives us every good generously. Allah has these Attributes. In the old lists of Allah’s beautiful names, Al-Mu’tee comes before Al-Maani’. Similarly, Al-Mun’im (the Bestower of blessings) comes before Al-Muntaqim (The Avenger) and the name Al-Rabb (Ar-Rabb) comes before Al-Muqsit (The Just One). These names are missing in the new lists of the beautiful names.

The two names (Al-Mu’tee and Al-Jawaad) came in the hadeeth shareef.

In a Hadeeth shareef reported in Saheeh Al-Bukhaari, narrated by Mu-aawia rAa. It says that Allah’s Messenger salla Allaho Alaihi wa sallam said:

“For whomever Allah intends Kher (good), HE gives him understanding in Deen (Islam). Allah is Al-Mu’tee and I am Al-Qaasam, and this Ummah will always be dominant on the opponents until the Command of Allah comes and they will be victorious.”

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Another hadeeth narrated by Aanis bin Maalik rAa says: Allah’s Messenger salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam said;

“Surely Allah Azza Wa Jall is Jawaadun-Kareem, feels shy from the Muslim servant that he extends his hand to HIM (Allah Azza wa Jall), then he takes his hands back before HE (Allah Azza wa Jall) puts in them what he asked for.”

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According to a hadeeth, Surely Allah is Jawaad and likes al-jood from HIS servants (generosity). Full hadeeth can be seen in fadaa-il Quraan. It is narrated by Abu Obaid.


According to this Hadeeth Allah wants from HIS servants generosity and good behavior with each other.

Allah is the Unique One in Giving all good, blessings and all necessities of life to everyone. If Allah Azza wa Jall gives then none can stop it, but in case Allah prevents then none can give to whom Allah stops or prevents. Allah’s giving and preventing is only by words i.e. a Command. As Allah said in surah Yaseen verse 82 (English translation only):


82. Verily, His Command, when He intends a thing, is only that He says to it, “Be!” and it is!
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All of the blessings that all mankind have are from Allah’s kindness. Allah’s Kindness, generosity and providing is so vast that in this world all kind of people, believers and unbelievers, righteous or evil people, all are provided whatever they need and want. But in the next world the rule is different. There all good, blessings and mercy shall be only for the practicing believers. Allah Azza wa Jall said in surah Bani Isra’eel (Al-Israa) verses 20 and 21:

  1. Of the bounties of thy Lord We bestow freely on all- These as well as those: The bounties of thy Lord are not closed (to anyone).


    21. See how We have bestowed more on some than on others; but verily the Hereafter is more in rank and gradation and more in excellence.

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Again here in verse 21 of the surah Al-Israa the statement is about the mo’mineen and muttaqeen. Now see the following verses:

Surah Al-A’raaf verse 32 (translation only):


32. Say, “Who has forbidden the adornment of Allah which He has produced for His servants and the good [lawful] things of provision?” Say, “They are for those who believe during the worldly life [but] exclusively for them on the Day of Resurrection.” Thus do We detail the verses for a people who know.

Surah Al-A’raaf verse 50:

50. And the dwellers of the Fire will call to the dwellers of Paradise: “Pour on us some water or anything that Allah has provided you for your sustenance.” They will say: “Both (water and provision) Allah has forbidden to the disbelievers.”
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Ibn Al-Qayyim rahmatullah alaihi mentioned the wonderful Qualities of Allah that Allah is Ajwadul-Ajwadeen, Akramul-Akrameen, Arhamur-Raahimeen, that HIS Mercy precedes HIS Anger, HIS Forbearance precedes HIS Punishment, HIS Forgiving precedes HIS seizing of the sinners, HE bestowed HIS blessings on HIS creation and decreed on HIMSELF Mercy as Allah Ta’ala said in Surah Al-An’aam verse 54:


54. And when those come to you who believe in Our verses, say, “Peace be upon you. Your Lord has decreed upon Himself mercy: that any of you who does wrong out of ignorance and then repents after that and corrects himself – indeed, He is Forgiving and Merciful.”
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Allah’s beautiful and excellent qualities cannot be written as those are numerous. Also Allah the Akramul-Akrameen wants us to pray and supplicate to HIM and ask our necessities, blessings from HIM. In a hadeeth in Saheeh Al-Bukhaari, Altir-midhee and Al-Imaam Ahmad, the Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam said:

“من لم يسأل الله يغضب عليه

“Anyone who doesn’t supplicate to Allah, Allah becomes angry with him”.

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See: Allah’s ruling is such that for one sinful deed there is equal punishment while for one righteous deed the reward is ten times.

Thus we see the Kind qualities of Allah. So we must stay steadfast on the Straight Path so that we stay away from inviting the Anger of Allah Azza wa Jall upon us.

المغني

Al-Mughnee (The Enricher)

Allah is Al-Mughnee as only Allah can make all people rich and independent.

We, the human beings are extremely weak and needy. We depend upon Allah Azza wa Jall for all of our needs. Allah makes the poor rich as Allah said in Surah Al-Noor (An-Noor) verse 32, (its translation is):
32. And marry those among you who are single and (also marry) the Salihun (pious, fit and capable ones) of your male and female slaves. If they are poor, Allah will enrich them out of His Bounty. And Allah is All- Sufficient for His creatures’ needs, All-Knowing (about the state of the people).

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Thus Allah ordered the Muslims to marry even the poor slaves because Allah, being Al-Ghanee and Al-Mughnee, will make them rich out of HIS bounty. So all of those people who are rich and independent, are enriched by the Al-Mughnee Attribute of Allah Azza wa Jall.

All treasures of the heavens and the earth are in the hands of Allah All-Mighty and His Generosity is very vast for HIS creation. HE is bestowing numerous kinds of blessings on mankind and other creatures day and night!

Allah Azza wa Jall said in surah Al-Najam (An-Najam) verse 48:

48. And that He (is Allah) who enriches and suffices (gives contentment)

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People from the whole earth call Allah Ta’aala for their needs. Allah Azza wa Jall fulfills the needs of all servants and makes tremendously rich whomsoever HE wills. This type of ghina (riches) is good in case the rich servants fear Allah All-Mighty, consider their wealth the wealth of Allah, and spend it to help poor and needy as well as to serve Islam. An example is that of Uthmaan rAa who was called Uthmaan Ghanee rAa as Allah, the Al-Ghanee and Al-Mughnee had made him so rich. He used to spend his wealth for the pleasure of Allah Azza Wa Jall. For example he bought a well from the Jews and left it free for all people to take water from it. So the wealth was in his hand but it didn’t enter his heart.

Again, there are others who are made rich and independent by Allah, “The Al-Mughnee”, but they have no fear of Allah and no gratitude for HIM. They show pride and arrogance. Instead of helping the poor, they, if they allowed, would step down on them. There are another type of people whose hunger and greed for wealth is never satisfied. No matter how much wealth they have, but demand more and thus they are always restless to have more and more wealth. So a Hadeeth shareef guides us as:



A hadeeth shareef is reported by Muslim Saheeh, is narrated by Abu Hurerah rAa that Allah’s Messenger (Muhammad) salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam said, “ Al-ghina is not by excessive riches, rather al-ghina is the ghina of the nafs (soul, heart)”.

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That is the real ghina which makes one’s heart rich so he/she has little but sufficient for their needs. They are contented with what they have, they pay thanks to Allah and for HIS Pleasure share their food with the poor neighbors and poor relatives.


We must pray to Allah to make our hearts ghanee and also may Allah Azza wa Jall make us like Uthmaan rAa.

This is also due to the quality Al-Mughnee that Allah Azza wa jall has prepared unique blessings in the gardens of Paradise for the Muttaqeen practicing believers——– such blessings that no eye has seen, no ear has heard about, and no heart/ mind can imagine them. Allah Al-Ghanee and Al-Mughnee said in the surah Al-Sajdah (As-Sajdah) verse 17 (its translation is):

17. Now no person knows what delights of the eye are kept hidden (in reserve) for them – as a reward for their (good) deeds.
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Thus anyone who recognized these qualities of Allah will recognize his own nafs (self). For example, anyone who recognized Allah to be Absolutely Al-Ghanee and Al-Mughnee, he will recognize himself to be absolutely faqeer (beggar) to Allah because he depends upon Allah’s Mercy and Kindness for all his needs!

We should pray (supplicate) as:

Allahumma akfina bi-halaalika an haraamik wa aghnina bi-fadlika amman siwak.

الغني

Al-Ghanee  (The Self Sufficient, The All Rich, The Independent)

According to some scholars this Attribute of Allah came in 18 places in the Holy Quraan. Allah said in the Holy Qur’aan:

Surah Al-An’aam verse 133, (English translation only) and its explanarion:

(6:133) Your Lord is Self-Sufficient, full of compassion.101 If He wills, He can put you away and cause whomever He wills to succeed you just as He has produced you from the seed of another people.
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Exp. note 101:

101. The Qur’anic statement: ‘Your Lord is Self-Sufficient’ signifies that God is in need of nothing from anyone, that none of His interests will be jeopardized by disobedience to Him, and that no benefit will accrue to Him from obedience. Even if all human beings became disobedient, God’s dominion will not shrink. Nor will His dominion expand if everybody were to become obedient and serve and worship Him as they ought to. God is dependent neither upon their show of veneration nor upon their offerings. He lavishes His limitless treasures on human beings and seeks nothing in return.
The other statement, namely that ‘Your Lord is full of compassion’, has been made here to emphasize two things:

First, that when God urges human beings to follow the Right Way, and asks them not to do anything in conflict with Ultimate Reality, He does not do so because their good behavior benefits Him or their misconduct harms Him. He does so because good conduct is beneficial to man himself, as evil conduct is harmful to him. Hence it is out of sheer benevolence that God urges man to develop righteous conduct, for it will raise him to great heights, and He urges him to avoid evil conduct because it will lead to his own degradation. Second, that God is not unduly stern in judging man. He gets no pleasure from punishing people. He is not on the look-out for slight lapses for which to convict and persecute people. God is highly compassionate towards all His creatures and governs with utmost mercy and benevolence, and the same characterizes His dealings with human beings as well. Hence, He constantly forgives the sins of people. Many disobey, indulge in sins, commit crimes, disregard God’s commands, even though they are nourished by the sustenance He provides. God, nevertheless, continually treats them with forbearance and forgives them. Again and again, He grants them respite in order that they may take heed, understand things properly and reform themselves. Had He been excessively stern, He could even have obliterated them instantly and raised up another people. He could have put an end to humanity and brought into being an altogether different species of creation.
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Surah Faatir 15:


(35:15) O people, it is you who stand in need of Allah;36 as for Allah, He is Self-Sufficient, Immensely Praiseworthy.37
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Exp. note 36 and 37:
36. That is, you should not remain under the delusion that Allah stands in need of your help. If you do not accept Him as God, His Godhead will fail, and if you do not serve and worship Him, He will incur some loss. Nay, but the fact is that you stand in need of Him. You cannot remain alive for a moment if He does not keep you alive, and does not provide you with the means by which you remain alive in the world and function. Therefore, when you are told to adopt His service and obedience, it is not because Allah stands in need of it, but because your own success depends upon it here as well as in the Hereafter. If you do not do so, you will be harming your own selves only, and not Allah in any way.

37. The word Ghani implies that He is the Owner of everything: He is Self-sufficient and Independent of all. He does not stand in need of anyone’s help. The word Hamid implies that He is Self-Praiseworthy: someone may praise Him, or may not, but He alone is worthy of hamd (praise and gratitude). These two attributes have been used together because one would be ghani even if one did not do any good to anyone by one’s wealth. In such a case one would be ghani but not hamid One will be hamid only in case one does not draw any benefit for oneself but benefits others in every way from the treasures of his wealth and resources. Since Allah is perfect in these two attributes, it has been said: “He is not just Ghani (self-sufficient) but such Ghani as is worthy of every kind of praise and gratitude, for He is fulfilling your needs as well as the needs of all other creatures.
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Surah Luqmaan 26:

(31:26) All that is in the heavens and the earth belongs to Allah.46 Verily He is All-Sufficient, Immensely Praiseworthy.47
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A Hadeeth Al-Qudsee:

(Hadeeth Al-Qudsee is a hadeeth shareef which is in the words of Allah Azza wa Jall. Otherwise every hadeeth is in the words of the prophet Muhammad (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) but its meanings come from Allah azza wa Jall.)

Allah Ta’ala says: “O MY servants, If all of the former and later of you, and the human kind of you and Jinn of you become the most righteous men it will not increase anything in MY Dominion. And if all of the former and later of you and the human kind and Jinn kind of you become the most evil men, it will not decrease anything in MY Dominion.” And HE said, “O MY servants, indeed you cannot reach ME to harm ME; and you cannot reach ME to benefit ME”.
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(This Hadeeth al-Qudsee is a part of a long Hadeeth narrated by Abi Dharr rAa and reported by Muslim).

You should also read the translation and explanation of the following verses to know more about this Attribute of Allah Azza wa Jall:

Surah Muhammad verse 38, Al-Baqarah 267, Yoonus 68.

In the surah yoonus 68 Allah said:

68. They have said, ” Allah has taken a son.” Exalted is He; He is the [one] Free of need. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. You have no authority for this [claim]. Do you say about Allah that which you do not know?
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So the Attribute Al-Ghanee (Rich, Self-sufficient and Free of need) also proves that Allah is High above any fault or defect and also free from any deficiency. Thus Allah is Free from any need to have a son!

Similarly, Allah being Free of any want or need, doesn’t need a partner or an associate. Thus Allah Azza wa Jall is the Only One God Who has no son and no partner.

الجامع

Al-Jaami’ (The Gatherer)

Allah All-Mighty said in the verse 9 of the surah Aali-Imraan, (here is its English translation):

9. Our Lord, surely You will gather the people for a Day about which there is no doubt. Indeed, Allah does not fail in His promise.”
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Allah Ta’aala is the One Who shall gather all mankind for Accounting on the Day of Judgment. None of the mankind will be able to disappear or remain absent from the Gathering of that Great Day. It is very easy for Allah Azza wa Jall to resurrect mankind from every corner of the earth! That shall happen with the 2nd sounding of the Trumpet! Whether a person died and was buried in the ground or drowned in an ocean or river or was burned to ashes—- no matter how he /she had died and where—– but everyone will be raised with body and soul as adult and then the scattered people shall be brought by angels by the Command of Allah to gather together!!!

The tafseer of the Holy Qur’aan says that the place of gathering will be the same earth. Before Resurrection it shall become a flat ground / field by the Will of Allah Azza wa Jall so that no curve or elevation or crookedness will be seen in it. Read the translation of the verses 105—107 of surah Taha:

105. They ask you concerning the Mountains: say, “My Lord will uproot them and scatter them as dust;

106. “Then He shall leave it (the earth) as a level smooth plain.

107. You will not see therein a depression or an elevation.”
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Another translation of the same verse (Taha 107) is:

107. “Nothing crooked or curved will you see therein.”
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Moreover, when all mankind is gathered, they will be naked and bare foot!

A hadeeth shareef narrated by Aa-ishah rAa: She said “ I heard Allah’s Messenger salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam saying”: “People will be gathered on the Day of Resurrection bare footed, naked and uncircumcised”. “I said, O the Messenger of Allah, will they see each other”? “He salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam said, “Ya Aa-ishah, the situation shall be too hard to look at each other”!

(Muslim and Bukhaari)
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People shall be in terrible state, the sun will be only one meel above and people will be sweating. (The meaning of meel in dictionary is a mile but in Fiq it is not clear to the scholars what is the real meaning of the word meel in the Hereafter). They will be covered by their own sweat up to different levels according to their faith and actions that they did in this world. So some will be covered up to his/ her ankles (their feet shall be under sweat), some up to knees, some up to his /her loins and some will be drowned up to his / her mouth.

There will be no shade except the shade of the Arshil-Azeem (the Great Throne of Allah All-Mighty). The believers with special qualities will be given place in that shade.

According to a hadeeth shareef (in Bukhaari and Muslim), narrated by Abu Hurerah rAa and Abi Sa’eed rAa: Allah’s Messenger salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam said, “seven will be provided shade by Allah on the Day when there will be no shade except the shade (of the Throne) of Allah, they will be; A just leader, a young person who was brought up in the worship of Allah, and a man whose heart is attached with masjid, two men who love each other for Allah, they meet and separate for the love of Allah, a man who is invited by a woman of high status and beauty, but he says, “I fear Allah”; a man (or woman) who gives charity in hidden so that what he spends with one hand the other hand doesn’t know about it, and a man (or woman) who remembers Allah in solitude and his eyes fill up with tears”.
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Thus this Gathering shall be for the purpose of Accounting and passing judgment. You can see the details of different stages and Accounting on the Day of Gathering in the books of Hadeeth and also in the translation and tafseer (explanation/ commentary) of some surahs of the Holy Qur’aan.

المقسط

Al-Muqsit (The Equitable One, The One Who is Just and Fair)

The meanings of Al-Adal and Al-Muqsit are almost similar. You should read the post # 35 (Al-Adal) in this thread to get some more information of the Justice of Allah Ta’aala. Al-Adal is an attribute of Allah which informs us about Allah’s Justice here and in the Here-after.

Al-Muqsit also means the Just One and the One Who gives everyone his /her portion of justice.

Qist means justice, Fairness.

Allah Azza wa jall said in surah Yoonus verse 54 (its English translation is):


54. And if every person who had wronged (by disbelieving in Allah and by worshipping others besides Allah), possessed all that is on earth, and sought to ransom himself therewith (it will not be accepted), and they would feel in their hearts regret when they see the torment, and they will be judged with justice, and no wrong will be done unto them.
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As we can see in this verse that the punishments in the Here-after are so much painful that the criminals will wish to escape it even if it was by ransoming himself / herself with the wealth and property equal to the whole world! But it will not be possible to rescue oneself from it when he / she is caught due to his / her own sins. Allah’s Justice is very pure. No injustice will be done to anyone! They shall regret but in vain! May Allah Ta’aala protect us, aameen!

Allah’s principles have no injustice. So all people who will be admitted to Hell will be due to the pure Justice of Allah Azza wa Jall and all those admitted to Paradise will be due to the Mercy of Allah Ta’aala!

There everyone will be fully satisfied with the judgment and no one will complain against it. There, everyone will see the truth proven and that he / she was on fault and no injustice is done to them. The criminals will weep and request that they should be sent back to this world and be given another chance, then they would not disobelieve again. But no other chance will be given. See the translation of verse 12 of the surah Al-Sajdah (As-Sajdah):


12. And if you only could see when the Mujrimun (criminals, disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, etc.) shall hang their heads before their Lord (saying): “Our Lord! We have now seen and heard, so send us back (to the world), we will do righteous good deeds. Verily! We now believe with certainty.”
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The answer comes in the verse 14 of the same surah Al-Sajdah (As-Sajdah):


14. Then taste you (the torment of the Fire) because of your forgetting the Meeting of this Day of yours, (and) surely! We too will forget you, so taste you the abiding torment for what you used to do.
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According to hadeeth shareef, Allah divided HIS Mercy into 100 parts. Allah Azza wa Jall gave only one part from that Mercy to the whole world and kept 99 parts for the Day of Judgment! Now all mercy found in this world [like the mercy of all mothers for their children, even all animals (except snake) have great mercy for their young ones], comes from 1% Mercy of Allah All-Mighty. In the Here-after all of the 99% Mercy will be for the believers (Muslims) only. For the unbelievers there shall be no mercy in the Here-after. They will be dealt with adal / qist (justice) from Allah and they will never come out from the ever-lasting Hell!

All Muslims shall be in need of the mercy of Allah Taa’ala to enter Paradise because their marks (darajaat) will not reach the passing standard. Then Allah Ta’ala will add from HIS mercy to pass them and admit them to Paradise. (May Allah Azza wa Jall make us from them, aameen). To get the Mercy of Allah we must remember the following verse 156 of the surah Al-A’raaf:

Surah Al-A’raaf verses 155—-156 (Translation only):

155. And Musa (Moses) chose out of his people seventy (of the best) men for Our appointed time and place of meeting, and when they were seized with a violent earthquake, he said: “O my Lord, if it had been Your Will, You could have destroyed them and me before; would You destroy us for the deeds of the foolish ones among us? It is only Your Trial by which You lead astray whom You will, and keep guided whom You will. You are our Wali (Protector), so forgive us and have Mercy on us, for You are the Best of those who forgive.


156. And decree for us in this world [that which is] good and [also] in the Hereafter; indeed, we have turned back to You.” [ Allah ] said, “My punishment – I afflict with it whom I will, but My mercy encompasses all things.” So I will decree it [especially] for those who fear Me and give zakah and those who believe in Our verses –

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The verse 156 tells about the mercy of Allah Azza wa Jall that Allah will decree it for three types of people (Muslims): 1. Those who fear Allah Ta’aala, 2. Those who pay the obligatory charity, 3. Those who believe in Allah’s verses.

Thus we must try to get the mercy of Allah Ta’aala on the Day of Judgment by obeying in this world all of these Commands of Allah. Remember that those who do not make prayer (salaat) 5 times every day regularly, are excluded from Islam.

(Note. Verse 155 (above) is included here for your understanding the verse 156.)

ذو الجلال و الإكرام

Dhu-al-Jalaali wa Al-Ikraam

(The Lord of Majesty and Bounty)

This beautiful name ofAllah came in surah Al-Rahmaan (Ar-Rahmaan) verses 27 and 78, their translation is:

26. Whatsoever is on (the earth) will perish.
27. And there will remain the Face of your Lord, Owner of Majesty and Honor.


78. Blessed is the name of your Lord, Owner of Majesty and Honor.
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hadeeth of Muhammad salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam in Al-Masnad, narrated by Rabee’ah bin Aamir rAa says that he heard Him salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam saying: “Ask du’aa with ya Dhu-al-Jalaali wa Al-Ikraam”. The Hadeeth in Arabic says “Alazzoo” (ألظوا (, which means make it essential/obligatory to say this name frequently and ask du’aa by it. (Allah knows best the words of Muhammad salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam).
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This name is a combination of two attributes i.e. Jalaal and Ikraam. Dhu means “the owner of”.

Jalaal: loftiness, sublimity, magnificence, grandeur.

Ijlaal: very deep respect, feeling of awe, reverence.

Ikraam: honor, respect, exalt, dignity, generosity (all of these meanings at the highest level).
These are the dictionary meanings of the words.

There are other combinations/ increased forms of the names of Allah Azza wa Jall like: Arham-ar-Raahimeen, Kher-ul-Ghaafireen, Rabb-ul-A’alameen, Maalik-i-Yawmiddeen, Ahsan-ul-Khaaliqeen, Muqallib-al-Quloob, Jaami-un-naasi li Yawmin laa reba feeh. And du’aa by these names is proved by the ijmaa’il-Muslimeen.

A hadeeth is narrated in the Al-Masnad by Aanas rAa, he said, “ We were sitting with Muhammad salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam in the Masjid and a man was making salaat. He (the man) said: “اللهم إني أسألك بأن لك الحمد لا إلاه إلا أنت, المنًان بديع السماوات والأرض, يا ذا الجلال و الإكرام, يا حي يا قيوم,”

The Prophet salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam said, “he prayed to Allah by HIS IsmiAa’zam, that is the Name by which if HE is called, HE answers and if HE is asked (for something) HE gives it”

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The Hadeeth mentioned above is teaching us that these names of Allah (i.e. Dhu-al-Jalaali wa Al-Ikram and Al-Hayy, Al-Qayyoom) have the Ismi-Aa’zam of Allah with which our du’aa is surely accepted. While we, the needy servants, have such sources for the acceptance of our du’aa coming out from our restless hearts/minds, then what else do we want?

Another hadeeth shareef in saheeh Muslim is narrated by Thawbaan rAa, he said: “Allah’s Messenger (salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam) when finished prayer (salaat), used to do astaghfaar three times and then say, “ اللهم أنت السلام و منك السَلام, تباركت يا ذا الجلال و الإكرام“.

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We must follow Allah’s Messenger Muhammad (salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam) and must do the same after salaat as He did.

we must remember Allah by HIS beautiful names and try to get lots of blessings by these names. Also we should try to supplicate with these names so that our good du’aas are accepted and positively answered to us as we are fuqaraa (beggars) to Allah in all circumstances. We cannot fulfil the rights of the names of Allah in their explanation. May Allah accept my humble attempts, aameen.

In the Attribute Dhu-al-Jalaali wa Al-Ikraam:

In the hadeeth shareef from Al-Masnad (first hadeeth after the verses), there is the word ألظوا This word is pronounced as “alizzoo” and it means “say it continually”. That means that Muhammad salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam advised the Ummah to say the Name Dhu-al-Jalaali wa Al-Ikraam continuously many times and ask du’aa by it. It is said that Muhammad salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam used to say this name once or three times or multiple times. (And Allah knows best).

مالك الملك

Maalik-al-Mulk (The Owner of Dominion)

Allah Ta’ala said in surah Aali-Imraan verses 26—27 (their English translation is):


(3:26) Say: ‘O Allah, Lord of all dominion! You give dominion to whom You will, and take away dominion from whom You will, and You exalt whom You will, and abase whom You will. In Your Hand is all good. Surely You are All-Power-ful.


(3:27) You cause the night to pass into the day and the day to pass into the night. You bring forth the living out of the dead, and You bring the dead out of the living, and You give sustenance to whom You will beyond all reckoning.’24
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Regarding the Al-Mulk there are two names of Allah Azza wa Jall i.e. Al-Malik and Maalik-al-Mulk. You should read the Attribute Al-Malik to understand important points about these Attributes. Here are some dictionary meanings of these words for more understanding:

Malik — )In the Arabic word there is only fat’ha on the meem and no alif after meem like مَلِك ). This means the king, monarch.

Mulk— (hokum—sultah). It means reign, rule, power, authority, dominion, sovereignty.

Again:

Mulk /milk. It means property, possession (s), estate, domain.

Maalik— (In the Arabic word there is fat’ha on the meem and also the meem is followed by alif like مَالكit means owner, possesser, holder.

Here the post has the attribute “Maalik-al-Mulk” which according to dictionary, means The Owner of the Dominion. Allah Ta’aala is the Owner of the whole universe. Allah Azza wa Jall is the Owner of all and every thing which (according to our knowledge) includes the whole universe, and all of the creations /creatures as well as the rule and the Commands. Allah Ta’aala is also the Owner of the Here-after. Beyond our knowledge, Allah knows best about HIS other creations. The translation of a few verses which mention the absolute Ownership of Allah, is in the following:

Surah Aali-Imraan verse 189:

189. And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and Allah has power over all things.

Surah Ghaafir 16:

16. The Day when they will (all) come out, nothing of them will be hidden from Allah. Whose is the kingdom this Day? (Allah Himself will reply to His Question): It is Allah’s the One, the Irresistible!
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This verse 16 is about the Here-after. In this world Allah has given kingdoms to different people who act as rulers/kings/Ministers etc. to test them how do they use the power given to them. They play their role and go /pass away! But on that Day (The Day of Judgment) Allah Azza wa Jall will not give any authority to any one because this world is for test and that world is for the result to come out and all shall be recompensed according to their books of deeds.

Surah Al-Furqaan 26:

26. The Sovereignty on that day will be the True (Sovereignty) belonging to the Beneficent One, and it will be a hard day for disbelievers.
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This verse 26 of the surah Al-Furqaan is also about the Judgment Day in the Here-after. The meaning is very clear and understandable. Allah has very clearly informed mankind and Jinn that the Day of Judgment (Day of Accounting and Recompense) shall be very hard on the unbelievers! Allah also said in surah Al-Muddaththir verse 10: على الكافرين غير يسير (“Far from easy for the disbelievers”). That means that the Day of Accounting will not /and never become easy on the unbelievers. This life up to 30 to 60 years is sufficient for a person to choose sincerely for him /her self the Right Path so that he /she don’t cry and regret in the Here-after!

Surah Al-Zukhruf (Az-Zukhruf) 85:

85. And blessed is He to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them and with whom is knowledge of the Hour and to whom you will be returned.
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As Mulk (the whole universe) belongs to Allah, so Allah’s Commands must be obeyed by all of Allah’s servants among mankind and Jinn. Allah also reminded us the Hour (Resurrection) and that we are all returning to HIM for the result of our tests. The Accounting of every person shall be based on his/her book of deeds.

Surah Al-Zumar (Az-Zumar) verse 6:

6. He created you (all) from a single person (Adam); then made from him his wife [Hawwa’ (Eve)]. And He has sent down for you of cattle eight pairs (of the sheep, two, male and female; of the goats, two, male and female; of the oxen, two, male and female; and of the camels, two, male and female). He creates you in the wombs of your mothers, creation after creation in three veils of darkness, such is Allah your Lord. His is the kingdom, La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). How then are you turned away?


Surah Faatir verses 13—14:

13. He merges the night into the day (i.e. the decrease in the hours of the night are added to the hours of the day), and He merges the day into the night (i.e. the decrease in the hours of the day are added to the hours of the night). And He has subjected the sun and the moon (to His Law), each runs its course for a term appointed. Such is Allah your Lord; His is the kingdom. And those, whom you invoke or call upon instead of Him, own not even a Qitmir (the thin membrane over the datestone).

14. If you invoke (or call upon) them, they hear not your call, and if (in case) they were to hear, they could not grant it (your request) to you. And on the Day of Resurrection, they will disown your worshipping them. And none can inform you (O Muhammad SAW) like Him Who is the All-Knower (of each and everything).

Al-Maa’idah 76:

76. Say, “Do you worship besides Allah that which holds for you no [power of] harm or benefit while it is Allah who is the Hearing, the Knowing?”
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Those people who worship false deities must understand that their false deities own no power. Nothing in the universe or in their own bodies is in their owner-ship. They cannot do anything to harm or benefit them. So the false deities have no right to be worshipped. Only Allah Ta’aala hears their /our prayers and provides them/and us everything. Allah Azza wa Jall is the Absolute Owner of their /our life and death as well as their / our loss and benefit all are with Allah. Therefore, Only Allah Ta’aala is the True deity so worship none but Allah Azza wa Jall.

Allah Ta’aala said in Surah Al-Mulk verses 1 and 2 (their English translation is):


1. Blessed is He in whose hand is dominion, and He has power over all things. 

2. [He] who created death and life to test you [as to] which of you is best in deed – and He is the Exalted in Might, the Forgiving –
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In these two verses of the surah Al-Mulk Allah clearly informed us that the Mulk i.e. the universe and everything in it is in Allah’s Hand. Allah gives the dominion to whomever Allah wants and that is only to test you o mankind. You see that Allah has created death for you. So you are going from here and Allah shall give you life again to recompense you.

The conclusion is that in this Attribute of Allah there is a great lesson for all kings, rulers and land lords. Think: how many kings, rulers and rich property-holders have passed away. The mulk/property remains here while the owners/rulers just pass away empty-handed BUT they send even before them a lengthy book of deeds to be accounted and recompensed in whatever they got just temporarily in this world. Then this is not wisdom to love these worldly gains and fight for them. Rather, you must believe that everything belongs to Allah Azza wa Jall and thus you must use it according to the Will, Pleasure and Commands of Allah the Greatest!