Author: Dr. Firdous Aabidah

المانع

Al-Maani’ (The Preventer)

Allah All-Mighty is the Preventer and With-Holder of whatever Allah Ta’aala wants to prevent. The Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him), after obligatory salaat (prayer), used to say the followings:

لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له, له الملك وله الحمد و هو على كل شىئ قدير. اللهم لا مانع لما أعطيت ولا معطي لما منعت , ولا ينفع ذا الجد منك الجدُ.

(Saheeh Al-Bukhaari and Muslim)

The meaning of the above du’aa is:

“There is no God except Allah, HE is One (God), there is no partner with HIM, to HIM belongs the kingdom and HIS are the praises, and HE has power over all things”.

“O Allah, what YOU give, no one can prevent it and what YOU withhold, no one can give it, and near YOU no one can be benefited by his wealth.”

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So no matter how much wealth or high status a person has but near Allah it will be of no benefit. He is benefited only by the faith of Islam and righteous deeds.

Allah said in the surah Faatir verse 2:


2. Whatever of mercy (i.e. of good), Allah grants to mankind, none can withhold it, and whatever He withholds, none can grant it thereafter. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.

Another translation of the same verse is:


(35:2) Whatever Mercy Allah accords to people, none can withhold; and whatever He withholds, no other will be able to release after Him.4 He is Most Mighty, Most Wise.5
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Exp. notes 4 and 5:
Exp. note 4:

4. This is also meant to remove the misunderstanding of the polytheists, who believed that from among the servants of Allah, someone gave them the provision, someone the children and someone health to their patients. All these superstitions of shirk are baseless, and the pure truth is just that whatever of mercy reaches the people, reaches to them only through Allah All-Mighty’s bounty and grace. No one else has the power either to bestow it or to withhold it. This theme has been expressed at many places in the Quran and the Ahadith in different ways so that man may avoid the humiliation of begging at every door and at every shrine and may realize that making or marring of his destiny is in the power of One Allah alone and of none else.


Exp. note 5:

5. “He is the All-Mighty”: He is dominant and the owner of Sovereignty: none can stop His judgments from being enforced. Also “He is All-Wise”: every act of His is based on wisdom. When He gives somebody something He gives because it is demanded by wisdom, and when He withholds something from somebody, He withholds it because it would be against wisdom to give it.
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Thus nothing can happen without the will of Allah Azza wa Jall. A single leaf in a tree cannot move. The breath of a person will stop if Allah All-Mighty withholds it from happening. A person will not be able to move a single step. So we must be very humble and obedient to Allah as well as very thankful to HIM for our life and actions etc.


Al-Maani’ also means Al-Mudaafi’. 

See the verse 251 (translation) of the surah Al-Baqarah:

(2:251) Thereupon by Allah’s leave they put the unbelievers to flight, and David killed Goliath,273 and Allah granted him dominion and wisdom, and imparted to him the knowledge of whatever He willed.And were it not that Allah repelled some people with another, the earth would surely be overlaid with mischief.274 But Allah is Bounteous to the people of the world (and thus extirpates mischief).
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Thus Allah stops / prevents the mischief of the evil people from the good ones. If Allah Azza wa Jall didn’t allow the good people to fight against the mischief makers and repel them then the whole land would be filled up with mischief and killing (like it is happening now because the mischief makers are left free to do whatever they want. This is due to the disobedience of the powerful Muslims to their Lord Allah Ta’aala!!).

Again, all of the heavenly bodies in the universe are held within their orbits only by the All-Mighty Allah. Allah Azza wa Jall is preventing them from collision. So Allah said in the surah Yaseen verse 40:

40. It is not permitted to the Sun to catch up the Moon, nor can the Night outstrip the Day: Each (just) swims along in (its own) orbit (according to Law).

Thus by the Grace of Allah we all live in comfort because all of the stars and planets etc. rotate in their orbits. If Allah didn’t withhold them then collision between the heavenly bodies (Sun, Moon, stars, planets etc.) would happen resulting in killer catastrophe. So we all must be very thankful to Allah Azza wa Jall and we must worship and obey Allah for our prosperity in both of the worlds.

المعطي, الجواد A l-Mu’tee )The Giver of blessings), Al-Jawaad (The Generous One)

Al-Mu’tee means the giver of all blessings and necessities of life to all mankind and all of the other creatures. Al-Jawaad means the Generous One. Allah is Our Lord Who gives us every good generously. Allah has these Attributes. In the old lists of Allah’s beautiful names, Al-Mu’tee comes before Al-Maani’. Similarly, Al-Mun’im (the Bestower of blessings) comes before Al-Muntaqim (The Avenger) and the name Al-Rabb (Ar-Rabb) comes before Al-Muqsit (The Just One). These names are missing in the new lists of the beautiful names.

The two names (Al-Mu’tee and Al-Jawaad) came in the hadeeth shareef.

In a Hadeeth shareef reported in Saheeh Al-Bukhaari, narrated by Mu-aawia rAa. It says that Allah’s Messenger salla Allaho Alaihi wa sallam said:

“For whomever Allah intends Kher (good), HE gives him understanding in Deen (Islam). Allah is Al-Mu’tee and I am Al-Qaasam, and this Ummah will always be dominant on the opponents until the Command of Allah comes and they will be victorious.”

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Another hadeeth narrated by Aanis bin Maalik rAa says: Allah’s Messenger salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam said;

“Surely Allah Azza Wa Jall is Jawaadun-Kareem, feels shy from the Muslim servant that he extends his hand to HIM (Allah Azza wa Jall), then he takes his hands back before HE (Allah Azza wa Jall) puts in them what he asked for.”

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According to a hadeeth, Surely Allah is Jawaad and likes al-jood from HIS servants (generosity). Full hadeeth can be seen in fadaa-il Quraan. It is narrated by Abu Obaid.


According to this Hadeeth Allah wants from HIS servants generosity and good behavior with each other.

Allah is the Unique One in Giving all good, blessings and all necessities of life to everyone. If Allah Azza wa Jall gives then none can stop it, but in case Allah prevents then none can give to whom Allah stops or prevents. Allah’s giving and preventing is only by words i.e. a Command. As Allah said in surah Yaseen verse 82 (English translation only):


82. Verily, His Command, when He intends a thing, is only that He says to it, “Be!” and it is!
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All of the blessings that all mankind have are from Allah’s kindness. Allah’s Kindness, generosity and providing is so vast that in this world all kind of people, believers and unbelievers, righteous or evil people, all are provided whatever they need and want. But in the next world the rule is different. There all good, blessings and mercy shall be only for the practicing believers. Allah Azza wa Jall said in surah Bani Isra’eel (Al-Israa) verses 20 and 21:

  1. Of the bounties of thy Lord We bestow freely on all- These as well as those: The bounties of thy Lord are not closed (to anyone).


    21. See how We have bestowed more on some than on others; but verily the Hereafter is more in rank and gradation and more in excellence.

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Again here in verse 21 of the surah Al-Israa the statement is about the mo’mineen and muttaqeen. Now see the following verses:

Surah Al-A’raaf verse 32 (translation only):


32. Say, “Who has forbidden the adornment of Allah which He has produced for His servants and the good [lawful] things of provision?” Say, “They are for those who believe during the worldly life [but] exclusively for them on the Day of Resurrection.” Thus do We detail the verses for a people who know.

Surah Al-A’raaf verse 50:

50. And the dwellers of the Fire will call to the dwellers of Paradise: “Pour on us some water or anything that Allah has provided you for your sustenance.” They will say: “Both (water and provision) Allah has forbidden to the disbelievers.”
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Ibn Al-Qayyim rahmatullah alaihi mentioned the wonderful Qualities of Allah that Allah is Ajwadul-Ajwadeen, Akramul-Akrameen, Arhamur-Raahimeen, that HIS Mercy precedes HIS Anger, HIS Forbearance precedes HIS Punishment, HIS Forgiving precedes HIS seizing of the sinners, HE bestowed HIS blessings on HIS creation and decreed on HIMSELF Mercy as Allah Ta’ala said in Surah Al-An’aam verse 54:


54. And when those come to you who believe in Our verses, say, “Peace be upon you. Your Lord has decreed upon Himself mercy: that any of you who does wrong out of ignorance and then repents after that and corrects himself – indeed, He is Forgiving and Merciful.”
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Allah’s beautiful and excellent qualities cannot be written as those are numerous. Also Allah the Akramul-Akrameen wants us to pray and supplicate to HIM and ask our necessities, blessings from HIM. In a hadeeth in Saheeh Al-Bukhaari, Altir-midhee and Al-Imaam Ahmad, the Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam said:

“من لم يسأل الله يغضب عليه

“Anyone who doesn’t supplicate to Allah, Allah becomes angry with him”.

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See: Allah’s ruling is such that for one sinful deed there is equal punishment while for one righteous deed the reward is ten times.

Thus we see the Kind qualities of Allah. So we must stay steadfast on the Straight Path so that we stay away from inviting the Anger of Allah Azza wa Jall upon us.

المغني

Al-Mughnee (The Enricher)

Allah is Al-Mughnee as only Allah can make all people rich and independent.

We, the human beings are extremely weak and needy. We depend upon Allah Azza wa Jall for all of our needs. Allah makes the poor rich as Allah said in Surah Al-Noor (An-Noor) verse 32, (its translation is):
32. And marry those among you who are single and (also marry) the Salihun (pious, fit and capable ones) of your male and female slaves. If they are poor, Allah will enrich them out of His Bounty. And Allah is All- Sufficient for His creatures’ needs, All-Knowing (about the state of the people).

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Thus Allah ordered the Muslims to marry even the poor slaves because Allah, being Al-Ghanee and Al-Mughnee, will make them rich out of HIS bounty. So all of those people who are rich and independent, are enriched by the Al-Mughnee Attribute of Allah Azza wa Jall.

All treasures of the heavens and the earth are in the hands of Allah All-Mighty and His Generosity is very vast for HIS creation. HE is bestowing numerous kinds of blessings on mankind and other creatures day and night!

Allah Azza wa Jall said in surah Al-Najam (An-Najam) verse 48:

48. And that He (is Allah) who enriches and suffices (gives contentment)

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People from the whole earth call Allah Ta’aala for their needs. Allah Azza wa Jall fulfills the needs of all servants and makes tremendously rich whomsoever HE wills. This type of ghina (riches) is good in case the rich servants fear Allah All-Mighty, consider their wealth the wealth of Allah, and spend it to help poor and needy as well as to serve Islam. An example is that of Uthmaan rAa who was called Uthmaan Ghanee rAa as Allah, the Al-Ghanee and Al-Mughnee had made him so rich. He used to spend his wealth for the pleasure of Allah Azza Wa Jall. For example he bought a well from the Jews and left it free for all people to take water from it. So the wealth was in his hand but it didn’t enter his heart.

Again, there are others who are made rich and independent by Allah, “The Al-Mughnee”, but they have no fear of Allah and no gratitude for HIM. They show pride and arrogance. Instead of helping the poor, they, if they allowed, would step down on them. There are another type of people whose hunger and greed for wealth is never satisfied. No matter how much wealth they have, but demand more and thus they are always restless to have more and more wealth. So a Hadeeth shareef guides us as:



A hadeeth shareef is reported by Muslim Saheeh, is narrated by Abu Hurerah rAa that Allah’s Messenger (Muhammad) salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam said, “ Al-ghina is not by excessive riches, rather al-ghina is the ghina of the nafs (soul, heart)”.

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That is the real ghina which makes one’s heart rich so he/she has little but sufficient for their needs. They are contented with what they have, they pay thanks to Allah and for HIS Pleasure share their food with the poor neighbors and poor relatives.


We must pray to Allah to make our hearts ghanee and also may Allah Azza wa Jall make us like Uthmaan rAa.

This is also due to the quality Al-Mughnee that Allah Azza wa jall has prepared unique blessings in the gardens of Paradise for the Muttaqeen practicing believers——– such blessings that no eye has seen, no ear has heard about, and no heart/ mind can imagine them. Allah Al-Ghanee and Al-Mughnee said in the surah Al-Sajdah (As-Sajdah) verse 17 (its translation is):

17. Now no person knows what delights of the eye are kept hidden (in reserve) for them – as a reward for their (good) deeds.
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Thus anyone who recognized these qualities of Allah will recognize his own nafs (self). For example, anyone who recognized Allah to be Absolutely Al-Ghanee and Al-Mughnee, he will recognize himself to be absolutely faqeer (beggar) to Allah because he depends upon Allah’s Mercy and Kindness for all his needs!

We should pray (supplicate) as:

Allahumma akfina bi-halaalika an haraamik wa aghnina bi-fadlika amman siwak.

الغني

Al-Ghanee  (The Self Sufficient, The All Rich, The Independent)

According to some scholars this Attribute of Allah came in 18 places in the Holy Quraan. Allah said in the Holy Qur’aan:

Surah Al-An’aam verse 133, (English translation only) and its explanarion:

(6:133) Your Lord is Self-Sufficient, full of compassion.101 If He wills, He can put you away and cause whomever He wills to succeed you just as He has produced you from the seed of another people.
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Exp. note 101:

101. The Qur’anic statement: ‘Your Lord is Self-Sufficient’ signifies that God is in need of nothing from anyone, that none of His interests will be jeopardized by disobedience to Him, and that no benefit will accrue to Him from obedience. Even if all human beings became disobedient, God’s dominion will not shrink. Nor will His dominion expand if everybody were to become obedient and serve and worship Him as they ought to. God is dependent neither upon their show of veneration nor upon their offerings. He lavishes His limitless treasures on human beings and seeks nothing in return.
The other statement, namely that ‘Your Lord is full of compassion’, has been made here to emphasize two things:

First, that when God urges human beings to follow the Right Way, and asks them not to do anything in conflict with Ultimate Reality, He does not do so because their good behavior benefits Him or their misconduct harms Him. He does so because good conduct is beneficial to man himself, as evil conduct is harmful to him. Hence it is out of sheer benevolence that God urges man to develop righteous conduct, for it will raise him to great heights, and He urges him to avoid evil conduct because it will lead to his own degradation. Second, that God is not unduly stern in judging man. He gets no pleasure from punishing people. He is not on the look-out for slight lapses for which to convict and persecute people. God is highly compassionate towards all His creatures and governs with utmost mercy and benevolence, and the same characterizes His dealings with human beings as well. Hence, He constantly forgives the sins of people. Many disobey, indulge in sins, commit crimes, disregard God’s commands, even though they are nourished by the sustenance He provides. God, nevertheless, continually treats them with forbearance and forgives them. Again and again, He grants them respite in order that they may take heed, understand things properly and reform themselves. Had He been excessively stern, He could even have obliterated them instantly and raised up another people. He could have put an end to humanity and brought into being an altogether different species of creation.
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Surah Faatir 15:


(35:15) O people, it is you who stand in need of Allah;36 as for Allah, He is Self-Sufficient, Immensely Praiseworthy.37
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Exp. note 36 and 37:
36. That is, you should not remain under the delusion that Allah stands in need of your help. If you do not accept Him as God, His Godhead will fail, and if you do not serve and worship Him, He will incur some loss. Nay, but the fact is that you stand in need of Him. You cannot remain alive for a moment if He does not keep you alive, and does not provide you with the means by which you remain alive in the world and function. Therefore, when you are told to adopt His service and obedience, it is not because Allah stands in need of it, but because your own success depends upon it here as well as in the Hereafter. If you do not do so, you will be harming your own selves only, and not Allah in any way.

37. The word Ghani implies that He is the Owner of everything: He is Self-sufficient and Independent of all. He does not stand in need of anyone’s help. The word Hamid implies that He is Self-Praiseworthy: someone may praise Him, or may not, but He alone is worthy of hamd (praise and gratitude). These two attributes have been used together because one would be ghani even if one did not do any good to anyone by one’s wealth. In such a case one would be ghani but not hamid One will be hamid only in case one does not draw any benefit for oneself but benefits others in every way from the treasures of his wealth and resources. Since Allah is perfect in these two attributes, it has been said: “He is not just Ghani (self-sufficient) but such Ghani as is worthy of every kind of praise and gratitude, for He is fulfilling your needs as well as the needs of all other creatures.
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Surah Luqmaan 26:

(31:26) All that is in the heavens and the earth belongs to Allah.46 Verily He is All-Sufficient, Immensely Praiseworthy.47
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A Hadeeth Al-Qudsee:

(Hadeeth Al-Qudsee is a hadeeth shareef which is in the words of Allah Azza wa Jall. Otherwise every hadeeth is in the words of the prophet Muhammad (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) but its meanings come from Allah azza wa Jall.)

Allah Ta’ala says: “O MY servants, If all of the former and later of you, and the human kind of you and Jinn of you become the most righteous men it will not increase anything in MY Dominion. And if all of the former and later of you and the human kind and Jinn kind of you become the most evil men, it will not decrease anything in MY Dominion.” And HE said, “O MY servants, indeed you cannot reach ME to harm ME; and you cannot reach ME to benefit ME”.
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(This Hadeeth al-Qudsee is a part of a long Hadeeth narrated by Abi Dharr rAa and reported by Muslim).

You should also read the translation and explanation of the following verses to know more about this Attribute of Allah Azza wa Jall:

Surah Muhammad verse 38, Al-Baqarah 267, Yoonus 68.

In the surah yoonus 68 Allah said:

68. They have said, ” Allah has taken a son.” Exalted is He; He is the [one] Free of need. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. You have no authority for this [claim]. Do you say about Allah that which you do not know?
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So the Attribute Al-Ghanee (Rich, Self-sufficient and Free of need) also proves that Allah is High above any fault or defect and also free from any deficiency. Thus Allah is Free from any need to have a son!

Similarly, Allah being Free of any want or need, doesn’t need a partner or an associate. Thus Allah Azza wa Jall is the Only One God Who has no son and no partner.

الجامع

Al-Jaami’ (The Gatherer)

Allah All-Mighty said in the verse 9 of the surah Aali-Imraan, (here is its English translation):

9. Our Lord, surely You will gather the people for a Day about which there is no doubt. Indeed, Allah does not fail in His promise.”
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Allah Ta’aala is the One Who shall gather all mankind for Accounting on the Day of Judgment. None of the mankind will be able to disappear or remain absent from the Gathering of that Great Day. It is very easy for Allah Azza wa Jall to resurrect mankind from every corner of the earth! That shall happen with the 2nd sounding of the Trumpet! Whether a person died and was buried in the ground or drowned in an ocean or river or was burned to ashes—- no matter how he /she had died and where—– but everyone will be raised with body and soul as adult and then the scattered people shall be brought by angels by the Command of Allah to gather together!!!

The tafseer of the Holy Qur’aan says that the place of gathering will be the same earth. Before Resurrection it shall become a flat ground / field by the Will of Allah Azza wa Jall so that no curve or elevation or crookedness will be seen in it. Read the translation of the verses 105—107 of surah Taha:

105. They ask you concerning the Mountains: say, “My Lord will uproot them and scatter them as dust;

106. “Then He shall leave it (the earth) as a level smooth plain.

107. You will not see therein a depression or an elevation.”
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Another translation of the same verse (Taha 107) is:

107. “Nothing crooked or curved will you see therein.”
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Moreover, when all mankind is gathered, they will be naked and bare foot!

A hadeeth shareef narrated by Aa-ishah rAa: She said “ I heard Allah’s Messenger salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam saying”: “People will be gathered on the Day of Resurrection bare footed, naked and uncircumcised”. “I said, O the Messenger of Allah, will they see each other”? “He salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam said, “Ya Aa-ishah, the situation shall be too hard to look at each other”!

(Muslim and Bukhaari)
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People shall be in terrible state, the sun will be only one meel above and people will be sweating. (The meaning of meel in dictionary is a mile but in Fiq it is not clear to the scholars what is the real meaning of the word meel in the Hereafter). They will be covered by their own sweat up to different levels according to their faith and actions that they did in this world. So some will be covered up to his/ her ankles (their feet shall be under sweat), some up to knees, some up to his /her loins and some will be drowned up to his / her mouth.

There will be no shade except the shade of the Arshil-Azeem (the Great Throne of Allah All-Mighty). The believers with special qualities will be given place in that shade.

According to a hadeeth shareef (in Bukhaari and Muslim), narrated by Abu Hurerah rAa and Abi Sa’eed rAa: Allah’s Messenger salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam said, “seven will be provided shade by Allah on the Day when there will be no shade except the shade (of the Throne) of Allah, they will be; A just leader, a young person who was brought up in the worship of Allah, and a man whose heart is attached with masjid, two men who love each other for Allah, they meet and separate for the love of Allah, a man who is invited by a woman of high status and beauty, but he says, “I fear Allah”; a man (or woman) who gives charity in hidden so that what he spends with one hand the other hand doesn’t know about it, and a man (or woman) who remembers Allah in solitude and his eyes fill up with tears”.
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Thus this Gathering shall be for the purpose of Accounting and passing judgment. You can see the details of different stages and Accounting on the Day of Gathering in the books of Hadeeth and also in the translation and tafseer (explanation/ commentary) of some surahs of the Holy Qur’aan.

المقسط

Al-Muqsit (The Equitable One, The One Who is Just and Fair)

The meanings of Al-Adal and Al-Muqsit are almost similar. You should read the post # 35 (Al-Adal) in this thread to get some more information of the Justice of Allah Ta’aala. Al-Adal is an attribute of Allah which informs us about Allah’s Justice here and in the Here-after.

Al-Muqsit also means the Just One and the One Who gives everyone his /her portion of justice.

Qist means justice, Fairness.

Allah Azza wa jall said in surah Yoonus verse 54 (its English translation is):


54. And if every person who had wronged (by disbelieving in Allah and by worshipping others besides Allah), possessed all that is on earth, and sought to ransom himself therewith (it will not be accepted), and they would feel in their hearts regret when they see the torment, and they will be judged with justice, and no wrong will be done unto them.
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As we can see in this verse that the punishments in the Here-after are so much painful that the criminals will wish to escape it even if it was by ransoming himself / herself with the wealth and property equal to the whole world! But it will not be possible to rescue oneself from it when he / she is caught due to his / her own sins. Allah’s Justice is very pure. No injustice will be done to anyone! They shall regret but in vain! May Allah Ta’aala protect us, aameen!

Allah’s principles have no injustice. So all people who will be admitted to Hell will be due to the pure Justice of Allah Azza wa Jall and all those admitted to Paradise will be due to the Mercy of Allah Ta’aala!

There everyone will be fully satisfied with the judgment and no one will complain against it. There, everyone will see the truth proven and that he / she was on fault and no injustice is done to them. The criminals will weep and request that they should be sent back to this world and be given another chance, then they would not disobelieve again. But no other chance will be given. See the translation of verse 12 of the surah Al-Sajdah (As-Sajdah):


12. And if you only could see when the Mujrimun (criminals, disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, etc.) shall hang their heads before their Lord (saying): “Our Lord! We have now seen and heard, so send us back (to the world), we will do righteous good deeds. Verily! We now believe with certainty.”
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The answer comes in the verse 14 of the same surah Al-Sajdah (As-Sajdah):


14. Then taste you (the torment of the Fire) because of your forgetting the Meeting of this Day of yours, (and) surely! We too will forget you, so taste you the abiding torment for what you used to do.
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According to hadeeth shareef, Allah divided HIS Mercy into 100 parts. Allah Azza wa Jall gave only one part from that Mercy to the whole world and kept 99 parts for the Day of Judgment! Now all mercy found in this world [like the mercy of all mothers for their children, even all animals (except snake) have great mercy for their young ones], comes from 1% Mercy of Allah All-Mighty. In the Here-after all of the 99% Mercy will be for the believers (Muslims) only. For the unbelievers there shall be no mercy in the Here-after. They will be dealt with adal / qist (justice) from Allah and they will never come out from the ever-lasting Hell!

All Muslims shall be in need of the mercy of Allah Taa’ala to enter Paradise because their marks (darajaat) will not reach the passing standard. Then Allah Ta’ala will add from HIS mercy to pass them and admit them to Paradise. (May Allah Azza wa Jall make us from them, aameen). To get the Mercy of Allah we must remember the following verse 156 of the surah Al-A’raaf:

Surah Al-A’raaf verses 155—-156 (Translation only):

155. And Musa (Moses) chose out of his people seventy (of the best) men for Our appointed time and place of meeting, and when they were seized with a violent earthquake, he said: “O my Lord, if it had been Your Will, You could have destroyed them and me before; would You destroy us for the deeds of the foolish ones among us? It is only Your Trial by which You lead astray whom You will, and keep guided whom You will. You are our Wali (Protector), so forgive us and have Mercy on us, for You are the Best of those who forgive.


156. And decree for us in this world [that which is] good and [also] in the Hereafter; indeed, we have turned back to You.” [ Allah ] said, “My punishment – I afflict with it whom I will, but My mercy encompasses all things.” So I will decree it [especially] for those who fear Me and give zakah and those who believe in Our verses –

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The verse 156 tells about the mercy of Allah Azza wa Jall that Allah will decree it for three types of people (Muslims): 1. Those who fear Allah Ta’aala, 2. Those who pay the obligatory charity, 3. Those who believe in Allah’s verses.

Thus we must try to get the mercy of Allah Ta’aala on the Day of Judgment by obeying in this world all of these Commands of Allah. Remember that those who do not make prayer (salaat) 5 times every day regularly, are excluded from Islam.

(Note. Verse 155 (above) is included here for your understanding the verse 156.)

ذو الجلال و الإكرام

Dhu-al-Jalaali wa Al-Ikraam

(The Lord of Majesty and Bounty)

This beautiful name ofAllah came in surah Al-Rahmaan (Ar-Rahmaan) verses 27 and 78, their translation is:

26. Whatsoever is on (the earth) will perish.
27. And there will remain the Face of your Lord, Owner of Majesty and Honor.


78. Blessed is the name of your Lord, Owner of Majesty and Honor.
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hadeeth of Muhammad salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam in Al-Masnad, narrated by Rabee’ah bin Aamir rAa says that he heard Him salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam saying: “Ask du’aa with ya Dhu-al-Jalaali wa Al-Ikraam”. The Hadeeth in Arabic says “Alazzoo” (ألظوا (, which means make it essential/obligatory to say this name frequently and ask du’aa by it. (Allah knows best the words of Muhammad salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam).
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This name is a combination of two attributes i.e. Jalaal and Ikraam. Dhu means “the owner of”.

Jalaal: loftiness, sublimity, magnificence, grandeur.

Ijlaal: very deep respect, feeling of awe, reverence.

Ikraam: honor, respect, exalt, dignity, generosity (all of these meanings at the highest level).
These are the dictionary meanings of the words.

There are other combinations/ increased forms of the names of Allah Azza wa Jall like: Arham-ar-Raahimeen, Kher-ul-Ghaafireen, Rabb-ul-A’alameen, Maalik-i-Yawmiddeen, Ahsan-ul-Khaaliqeen, Muqallib-al-Quloob, Jaami-un-naasi li Yawmin laa reba feeh. And du’aa by these names is proved by the ijmaa’il-Muslimeen.

A hadeeth is narrated in the Al-Masnad by Aanas rAa, he said, “ We were sitting with Muhammad salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam in the Masjid and a man was making salaat. He (the man) said: “اللهم إني أسألك بأن لك الحمد لا إلاه إلا أنت, المنًان بديع السماوات والأرض, يا ذا الجلال و الإكرام, يا حي يا قيوم,”

The Prophet salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam said, “he prayed to Allah by HIS IsmiAa’zam, that is the Name by which if HE is called, HE answers and if HE is asked (for something) HE gives it”

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The Hadeeth mentioned above is teaching us that these names of Allah (i.e. Dhu-al-Jalaali wa Al-Ikram and Al-Hayy, Al-Qayyoom) have the Ismi-Aa’zam of Allah with which our du’aa is surely accepted. While we, the needy servants, have such sources for the acceptance of our du’aa coming out from our restless hearts/minds, then what else do we want?

Another hadeeth shareef in saheeh Muslim is narrated by Thawbaan rAa, he said: “Allah’s Messenger (salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam) when finished prayer (salaat), used to do astaghfaar three times and then say, “ اللهم أنت السلام و منك السَلام, تباركت يا ذا الجلال و الإكرام“.

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We must follow Allah’s Messenger Muhammad (salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam) and must do the same after salaat as He did.

we must remember Allah by HIS beautiful names and try to get lots of blessings by these names. Also we should try to supplicate with these names so that our good du’aas are accepted and positively answered to us as we are fuqaraa (beggars) to Allah in all circumstances. We cannot fulfil the rights of the names of Allah in their explanation. May Allah accept my humble attempts, aameen.

In the Attribute Dhu-al-Jalaali wa Al-Ikraam:

In the hadeeth shareef from Al-Masnad (first hadeeth after the verses), there is the word ألظوا This word is pronounced as “alizzoo” and it means “say it continually”. That means that Muhammad salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam advised the Ummah to say the Name Dhu-al-Jalaali wa Al-Ikraam continuously many times and ask du’aa by it. It is said that Muhammad salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam used to say this name once or three times or multiple times. (And Allah knows best).

مالك الملك

Maalik-al-Mulk (The Owner of Dominion)

Allah Ta’ala said in surah Aali-Imraan verses 26—27 (their English translation is):


(3:26) Say: ‘O Allah, Lord of all dominion! You give dominion to whom You will, and take away dominion from whom You will, and You exalt whom You will, and abase whom You will. In Your Hand is all good. Surely You are All-Power-ful.


(3:27) You cause the night to pass into the day and the day to pass into the night. You bring forth the living out of the dead, and You bring the dead out of the living, and You give sustenance to whom You will beyond all reckoning.’24
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Regarding the Al-Mulk there are two names of Allah Azza wa Jall i.e. Al-Malik and Maalik-al-Mulk. You should read the Attribute Al-Malik to understand important points about these Attributes. Here are some dictionary meanings of these words for more understanding:

Malik — )In the Arabic word there is only fat’ha on the meem and no alif after meem like مَلِك ). This means the king, monarch.

Mulk— (hokum—sultah). It means reign, rule, power, authority, dominion, sovereignty.

Again:

Mulk /milk. It means property, possession (s), estate, domain.

Maalik— (In the Arabic word there is fat’ha on the meem and also the meem is followed by alif like مَالكit means owner, possesser, holder.

Here the post has the attribute “Maalik-al-Mulk” which according to dictionary, means The Owner of the Dominion. Allah Ta’aala is the Owner of the whole universe. Allah Azza wa Jall is the Owner of all and every thing which (according to our knowledge) includes the whole universe, and all of the creations /creatures as well as the rule and the Commands. Allah Ta’aala is also the Owner of the Here-after. Beyond our knowledge, Allah knows best about HIS other creations. The translation of a few verses which mention the absolute Ownership of Allah, is in the following:

Surah Aali-Imraan verse 189:

189. And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and Allah has power over all things.

Surah Ghaafir 16:

16. The Day when they will (all) come out, nothing of them will be hidden from Allah. Whose is the kingdom this Day? (Allah Himself will reply to His Question): It is Allah’s the One, the Irresistible!
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This verse 16 is about the Here-after. In this world Allah has given kingdoms to different people who act as rulers/kings/Ministers etc. to test them how do they use the power given to them. They play their role and go /pass away! But on that Day (The Day of Judgment) Allah Azza wa Jall will not give any authority to any one because this world is for test and that world is for the result to come out and all shall be recompensed according to their books of deeds.

Surah Al-Furqaan 26:

26. The Sovereignty on that day will be the True (Sovereignty) belonging to the Beneficent One, and it will be a hard day for disbelievers.
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This verse 26 of the surah Al-Furqaan is also about the Judgment Day in the Here-after. The meaning is very clear and understandable. Allah has very clearly informed mankind and Jinn that the Day of Judgment (Day of Accounting and Recompense) shall be very hard on the unbelievers! Allah also said in surah Al-Muddaththir verse 10: على الكافرين غير يسير (“Far from easy for the disbelievers”). That means that the Day of Accounting will not /and never become easy on the unbelievers. This life up to 30 to 60 years is sufficient for a person to choose sincerely for him /her self the Right Path so that he /she don’t cry and regret in the Here-after!

Surah Al-Zukhruf (Az-Zukhruf) 85:

85. And blessed is He to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them and with whom is knowledge of the Hour and to whom you will be returned.
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As Mulk (the whole universe) belongs to Allah, so Allah’s Commands must be obeyed by all of Allah’s servants among mankind and Jinn. Allah also reminded us the Hour (Resurrection) and that we are all returning to HIM for the result of our tests. The Accounting of every person shall be based on his/her book of deeds.

Surah Al-Zumar (Az-Zumar) verse 6:

6. He created you (all) from a single person (Adam); then made from him his wife [Hawwa’ (Eve)]. And He has sent down for you of cattle eight pairs (of the sheep, two, male and female; of the goats, two, male and female; of the oxen, two, male and female; and of the camels, two, male and female). He creates you in the wombs of your mothers, creation after creation in three veils of darkness, such is Allah your Lord. His is the kingdom, La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). How then are you turned away?


Surah Faatir verses 13—14:

13. He merges the night into the day (i.e. the decrease in the hours of the night are added to the hours of the day), and He merges the day into the night (i.e. the decrease in the hours of the day are added to the hours of the night). And He has subjected the sun and the moon (to His Law), each runs its course for a term appointed. Such is Allah your Lord; His is the kingdom. And those, whom you invoke or call upon instead of Him, own not even a Qitmir (the thin membrane over the datestone).

14. If you invoke (or call upon) them, they hear not your call, and if (in case) they were to hear, they could not grant it (your request) to you. And on the Day of Resurrection, they will disown your worshipping them. And none can inform you (O Muhammad SAW) like Him Who is the All-Knower (of each and everything).

Al-Maa’idah 76:

76. Say, “Do you worship besides Allah that which holds for you no [power of] harm or benefit while it is Allah who is the Hearing, the Knowing?”
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Those people who worship false deities must understand that their false deities own no power. Nothing in the universe or in their own bodies is in their owner-ship. They cannot do anything to harm or benefit them. So the false deities have no right to be worshipped. Only Allah Ta’aala hears their /our prayers and provides them/and us everything. Allah Azza wa Jall is the Absolute Owner of their /our life and death as well as their / our loss and benefit all are with Allah. Therefore, Only Allah Ta’aala is the True deity so worship none but Allah Azza wa Jall.

Allah Ta’aala said in Surah Al-Mulk verses 1 and 2 (their English translation is):


1. Blessed is He in whose hand is dominion, and He has power over all things. 

2. [He] who created death and life to test you [as to] which of you is best in deed – and He is the Exalted in Might, the Forgiving –
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In these two verses of the surah Al-Mulk Allah clearly informed us that the Mulk i.e. the universe and everything in it is in Allah’s Hand. Allah gives the dominion to whomever Allah wants and that is only to test you o mankind. You see that Allah has created death for you. So you are going from here and Allah shall give you life again to recompense you.

The conclusion is that in this Attribute of Allah there is a great lesson for all kings, rulers and land lords. Think: how many kings, rulers and rich property-holders have passed away. The mulk/property remains here while the owners/rulers just pass away empty-handed BUT they send even before them a lengthy book of deeds to be accounted and recompensed in whatever they got just temporarily in this world. Then this is not wisdom to love these worldly gains and fight for them. Rather, you must believe that everything belongs to Allah Azza wa Jall and thus you must use it according to the Will, Pleasure and Commands of Allah the Greatest!

الرؤوف

Al-Ra’uuf (Ar-Ra’uuf)
The Clement, The Compassionate, The All-Pitying

This name is derived from the word ra’fa which means mercy. “Ra’fa bi” means to have mercy upon. Ar-ra’fah is the mercy which in this world is common for all but in the Here-After it is only for some special type of people like al-awliyaa (the friends), al-mu’minoon (the practicing believers) and al-muttaqoon (those who fear Allah All-Mighty a lot and are always obedient to Allah Azza wa jall). Thus Al-Ra’uuf (Ar-Ra’uuf) means the Merciful, the Affectionate the Compassionate and the Clement.

Here is the translation of some of the verses of the Holy Quraan which have this beautiful name of Allah Ta’ala. One of the important principles about the Names of Allah is that: when an aayah (verse) of the Holy Qur’aan ends with a Name of Allah then it means that the Command in the verse is related to the beautiful Name of Allah. So now we will see the verses with this beautiful Name of Allah Azza wa Jall:

Surah Al-Baqarah verse 143:

وما كان الله ليضيع ايمانكم إن الله باالناس لرءوف رحيم ….

The translation of the complete verse is:

143. Thus We have appointed you a middle nation, that ye may be witnesses against mankind, and that the messenger may be a witness against you. And We appointed the qiblah which ye formerly observed only that We might know him who followeth the messenger, from him who turneth on his heels. In truth it was a hard (test) save for those whom Allah guided. But it was not Allah’s purpose that your faith should be in vain, for Allah is Full of Pity, Merciful toward mankind.
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Thus it means that It doesn’t befit Allah azza wa jall to waste your faith. This is great mercy of Allah and in this there is happy news for the practicing believers that Allah Who by HIS Mercy gave us Islam and eemaan (the faith of Islam), will rather protect our eemaan so that it persists and remains strong with the rituals and character of Islam.

And Allah said in surah Al-Baqarah 207:

207. And there is the type of man who gives his life to earn the pleasure of Allah: And Allah is full of kindness to (His) slaves.

Another translation of the same verse is:

207. And of mankind is he who would sell himself, seeking the Pleasure of Allah. And Allah is full of Kindness to (His) slaves.
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Here appears a very beautiful and excellent principle of Allah azza wa Jall. That is when a Muslim sells his nafs to seek Allah’s pleasure, i.e. he forgets about his personal desires; rather he struggles to follow Allah’s Commands, then the ending of this verse by this great Name of Allah (Ar-Ra’uuf) with the words “bil ibaad” is like the Muslim (who sold himself for the pleasure of Allah ) will establish peace and security for the people. He /she will try to give people their rights. As Allah is Ar-Ra’uuf bil ibaad (very Kind to HIS servants) So the Muslim who devotes his life and struggles to please Allah, will do many things for the comfort of the ibaad (members of his society) in this world and for their success in the Here-After (This was my understanding but Allah knows the best). We can see that the Prophets alaihim salaam and their close followers always struggled for the rights of the mankind!!! They expect their reward only from Allah Azza wa Jall in the next world and serve humanity for free.

Surah Aali-Imran verse 30 (English translation):

30. On the Day when every person will be confronted with all the good he has done, and all the evil he has done, he will wish that there were a great distance between him and his evil. And Allah warns you of Himself (His Punishment) and Allah is full of Kindness to (HIS) slaves.
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Although Allah Azza wa Jall is very strict in punishment to the transgressors but along with that Allah Azza wa Jall is Ra’uufun-bil-ibaad. So before that Hard Day of Judgment, Allah informed us all about the horrible punishment so that we, the servants may try to obey Allah’s Commands and thus protect ourselves from Hell.

Surah Al-Tawbah (At-Tawbah) verse 117:

[9:117] Surely Allah has relented towards the Prophet, and towards the Muhajirun (Emigrants) and the Ansar (Helpers) who stood by him in the hour of hardship,115 although the hearts of a party of them had well-nigh swerved.116 (But when they gave up swerving from the Right Course and followed the Prophet), Allah relented towards them.117 Surely to them He is the Most Tender, the Most Merciful.
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Exp. note 115, 116 and 117:

115. Allah forgave the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his companions for those inadvertent lapses that had been made in connection with the Tabuk expedition, in view of their excellent services. The inadvertent lapse made by the Prophet (peace be upon him) was that he had given leave to stay behind to those people who were able to take part in the battle. (Ayat 43).

116. This refers to those sincere companions who were at first somewhat unwilling to go to war on that critical occasion, but at last overcame their weakness, for they had true faith in their hearts and loved the right way.

117. That is, Allah will not take them to account for their wrong inclinations for He does not punish a man for that weakness which he himself has overcome and corrected.
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Surah Al-Nahl (An-Nahl) verses 4—7:

(16:4) He created man out of a mere drop of fluid, and lo! he turned into an open wrangler.7

Another translation of the same verse is:

(16:4). He has created man from a sperm-drop; and behold this same (man) becomes an open disputer!

(16:5) He created the cattle. They are a source of clothing and food and also a variety of other benefits for you.

(16:6) And you find beauty in them as you drive them to pasture in the morning and as you drive them back home in the evening;

(16:7) and they carry your loads to many a place which you would be unable to reach without much hardship. Surely your Lord is Intensely Loving, Most Merciful.
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All of these verses of the surah Al-Nahl (the translation mentioned above) describe the blessings of Allah on mankind who is usually a disputer. Only count the blessings of Allah in the animals that Allah created for our benefits and comfort. Surely Allah is your Lord Ar-Ra’uuf-ur-Raheem!!!

Allah has also given us the blessings in the present era, those blessings which are the sources of transport from place to place like cars, buses trains, ships and air planes etc. So we must be very thankful and obedient to our Kind and Rauuf Lord. Allaho Akbar, wa lillahil hamd.

Some of the other verses with this beautiful Name of Allah Azza wa Jall are:
(Their English translation only)

Surah Al-Nahl (An-Nahl) verses 45—47:

(16:45) Do those who have been devising evil plans (against the mission of the Messenger) feel secure that Allah will not cause the earth to swallow them up or that chastisement will not come upon them from a direction that they will not even be able to imagine;

(16:46) or that He will not suddenly seize them while they are going about to and fro and they will be unable to frustrate His design,

(16:47) or that He will not seize them when they are apprehensive of the impending calamity? Surely your Lord is Most Compassionate, Most Merciful.
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Inspite of the fact that mankind is mostly disobedient and thankless to the Lord Allah Ta’aala and fights against Allah’s Messenger salla Allaho Alaihi wa sallam, but Allah All-Mighty doesn’t catch them at once! Rather Allah gives them long time to think, understand and repent to the very Kind and Unique Lord (Allah). Also gives them all blessings to enjoy. (But mankind must remember that Allah has appointed a Day in the Here-After to pass judgment, therefore they should not consider themselves absolutely free of responsibility. They must fear the Judgment Day).

Surah Al-Hajj verse 65:

(22:65) Have you not seen how Allah has subjected to you all that is in the earth, and the vessels that sail in the sea by His command,113 and it is He Who holds back the sky that it may not fall on earth except by His leave? Surely Allah is Most Gentle, Ever Compassionate to people.
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This verse 65 of surah al-Hajj is very clear to understand. So Allah is Ra’uuf-ur Raheem for all mankind!!!

Surah Al-Noor (An-Noor) 20:

20. And had it not been for the Grace of Allah and His Mercy on you, (Allah would have hastened the punishment upon you). And that Allah is full of kindness, Most Merciful.
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This verse 20 of the surah Al-Noor is in the context of those verses which were sent down to declare the piety of Aa’ishah radiyallaho anha. That means the false accusation on her might have caused the coming of wrath of Allah on the accusers but due to the Ra’uuf and Raheem qualities of Allah Azza wa Jall the punishment (Wrath) was not hastened. (But you must know that all of the accusers were punished with 80 lashes each in front of the people, according to the Law that was sent down in the beginning of the surah Al-Noor).

Surah Al-Hadeed 9:

(57:9) He it is Who sends down Clear Signs to His servant so as to bring you out from darkness into light. Surely Allah is Most Kind and Most Compassionate to you.
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Sending down the Holy Quraan through HIS Messenger Muhammad salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam to take mankind out of the darkness of kufar (unbelief) into the Light of Islam is the greatest of the blessings because it protects us from the ever-lasting burning in Hell!!!

Surah Al-Hashar 10:

(59:10) (And it also belongs to) those who came after them,20 and who pray: “Lord, forgive us and our brethren who have preceded us in faith, and do not put in our hearts any rancor towards those who believe. Lord, You are the Most Tender, the Most Compassionate.”21
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Exp. note 21:

21. In this verse although the real object is only to point out that in faith not only the people of the present generation but the Muslims of the later periods and their future generations also have a share, yet, besides, the Muslims have also been taught an important moral lesson that they should never have any malice against other Muslims in their hearts, and they should continue to pray for the forgiveness of the Muslims who have gone before them instead of cursing and abusing them. The bond that binds the Muslims together is that of a common faith. If a person values his faith as the most important thing in his heart, inevitably he would be a well-wisher of all those people who are his brethren-in faith. He can have ill-will and malice and hatred towards them in his heart only when the value of the faith decreases in his sight and he starts valuing other things more. Therefore, it is the requirement of faith that a believer’s heart should be free from every trace of malice and hatred against the other believers. In this matter the best lesson is given by a Hadith which Nasai has related from Anas. According to him, once it so happened that for three days continuously the Prophet (peace be upon him) declared in his assembly that a person was going to appear before them who belonged to the dwellers of Paradise, and every time it would be a certain person from among the Ansar. At this Abdullah bin Amr bin Aas became curious as to what deeds the person concerned performed on the basis of which the Prophet (peace be upon him) had repeatedly given the good news of his admission to Paradise. Thus, he made an excuse and spent three consecutive nights in his house to see how he performed his worship, but during the night he did not see anything unusual. At last, he asked him directly as to what special acts and devotions he performed on the basis of which the Prophet (peace be upon him) had given the great good news about him. He replied: You have seen how I perform my worship, but there is one thing which might have carved me this reward: I do not harbor any malice or evil design against any Muslim, nor feel jealous of him on account of any good that Allah might have bestowed on him.
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العفو

Al-‘Afuww (The Forgiver, Pardoner)

Allah Azza wa Jall said in the Holy Quran (Only English translation is given here):

Surah Al-Hajj 60:

60. That (is so). And if one has retaliated to no greater extent than the injury he received, and is again set upon inordinately, Allah will help him: for Allah is One that blots out (sins) and forgives (again and again).
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Surah Al-Nisaa (An-Nisaa) verse 43:
43. O you who believe! Approach not As-Salat (the prayer) when you are in a drunken state until you know (the meaning) of what you utter, nor when you are in a state of Janaba, (i.e. in a state of sexual impurity and have not yet taken a bath) except when travelling on the road (without enough water, or just passing through a mosque), till you wash your whole body. And if you are ill, or on a journey, or one of you comes from place of relieving himself, or you have been in contact with women (by sexual relations) and you find no water, perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands (Tayammum). Truly, Allah is Ever Oft-Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving.

Surah Al-Nisaa (An-Nisaa) verse 99:

99. For these, there is hope that Allah will forgive: For Allah doth blot out (sins) and forgive again and again.

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To understand the meaning of the verse 99 of Surah An-Nisaa you should also read the meaning of the verses 97 and 98.

Surah Al-Mujaadilah verse 2:


2. Those among you who make their wives unlawful (Az-Zihar) to them by saying to them “You are like my mother’s back.” They cannot be their mothers. None can be their mothers except those who gave them birth. And verily, they utter an ill word and a lie. And verily, Allah is Oft-Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving.
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The meaning of Al-‘Afuww is that Allah Azza wa Jall has this quality due to which Allah Azza wa Jall not only forgives but also wipes out sins of people. An Example is given to understand the meaning. Suppose a criminal applied for forgiveness and he was forgiven by the court but his bad record existed with the result that he would face difficulties in finding job etc. Then he requested the court to make his record clean. The court accepted the request and omitted his crime so that even the traces of his bad record are erased. So the Attribute Al-Ghafoor forgives the sins but Al-‘Afuww even omits the sins. Al-Hamdulillah!!! In the above mentioned verses the two Attributes i.e. Al-Ghafoor and Al-‘Afuww are coming together. We must thank Allah Azza wa Jall for HIS great Mercy on us. But we must try to protect ourselves from sins and must do lots of Astaghfaar. A person shouldn’t commit sins with the hope that Allah will forgive him, remember that Allah knows our intentions. It may be that such a one may not get chance to say astaghfirullah and may suddenly pass away. So we all must fear Allah azza wa Jall and keep away from sins. Again we must remember that Allah Almighty’s Justice is very pure. A person is not allowed to attack the rights or honor or property of another person. If one does, then he will not be forgiven by saying astaghfirullah. He has to return the rights of the victim or if the victim forgives him then Allah Azza wa Jall will forgive him.

Allah Ta’aala said in surah Hood (Hud) verse 114:


114. Establish worship at the two ends of the day and in some watches of the night. Lo! good deeds annul ill-deeds. This is reminder for the mindful.

Another translation of the same verse 114 of the surah Hud is here for your understanding.


114. And perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), at the two ends of the day and in some hours of the night [i.e. the five compulsory Salat (prayers)]. Verily, the good deeds remove the evil deeds (i.e. small sins). That is a reminder (an advice) for the mindful (those who accept advice).
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According to the above verse good deeds omit sins. Also a hadeeth reported by Ahmad, At-Tirmidhee and Al-Haakim says: “ Do a good deed after a sin, it will omit the sin.” In Arabic it is: “وأتبع السيئة الحسنة تمحها”

*************************************************************************Aa-ishah rAa was advised to pray /ask du’aa in the nights of Al-Qadar as: “ Allahumma innaka ‘Afuwwun tuhibbul ‘afwa, fa’afu-‘annee ya kareem”.
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For more information, please read the Names Al-Ghaffaar and Al-Ghafoor.