(read as As-Salaam):
name of Allah Ta’ala came in the verse 23 of the surah
Al-Hashr. Its translation with the explanation is here:
(59:23) He is Allah: there is no god but He: the King,36 the
Holy,37 the All-Peace,38 the Giver of security,39 the
Overseer,40 the Most Mighty,41 the
Overpowering,42 the All-Great.43 Exalted is He
from whatever they associate with Him.
Exp-note 38: This is the
explanation of the name Al-Salaam (As-Salaam)
38. The word As-Salaam as used in the original means peace and secure, Allah’s
being called As-Salaam means that He is peace and safety personified. He is far
exalted that some calamity or weakness or defect should befall Him, or His
Perfection should suffer a decline or blemish.
The details of this name are:
meaning of Al-Salaam (As-Salaam) includes safety and security from all types of
defects in person, attributes and actions. So Allah Jalla wa Aa’la is truly
safe from all points of view. Allah, in person, is perfect safety and peace,
and no defect or evil can touch Him. All His Attributes are high above any
defect. His Actions are perfectly safe from any type of defect, evil or harm.
That is none of His actions happens without wisdom. He Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala is
safe and clean from the company of a spouse or a child, is safe from having any
like of Him, and is Safe and clean from any associate or partner.
This name (As-Salaam)
is applied in all of the Attributes of Allah. Thus every attribute of Allah is
Salaam i.e. safe and secure from having any defect. Haafiz ibn Al-Qayyim
rahamhullah said in his explanation of this great name: If you think and
observe the greatness of this attribute of Allah, you will find every attribute
salaaman (safe and secure) from the opposite qualities. So Allah is Al-Hayyi
(Living) and Allah’s Life is Salaaman (safe ) from death, drowsiness and sleep.
His Supporting and His application of power are all safe and free from any
tiredness. His Knowledge is safe from ignorance, mistake and forgetfulness.
Moreover Allah doesn’t need to think or remember. His intention is safe
(Salaam) from getting out of wisdom or going away from benefitting and
reforming. His Words are safe and clean from any falsehood or injustice. Rather
Allah’s Words are “Tammat kalimatihi sidqanwwa adla” . Allah said in the verse
115 of the surah Al-An’aam, its translation is:
(6:115). And the word of your Lord has been
fulfilled in truth and in justice. None can alter His words, and He is the
Hearing, the Knowing.
Allah’s Self-Sufficiency is Salaam from any
need or dependence upon others. Rather all others depend upon Allah for their
needs and safety and Allah is absolutely Self-Sufficient.
His kingdom is safe from any dispute or
conflicts etc. that means there is no equal king to fight or dispute or make
conflict or clash against Allah in Allah’s kingdom. It is also Salaam from
having any helper or any intercessor without His permission. His God-hood is
safe and high above having any associate or partner. His forbearing, patience
and forgiving are safe (salaam) from any need or weakness. So when Allah
forbears, shows patience to His servants and even forgives their sins, that is
not because Allah is weak or needs something from them. Rather it is due to
Allah All-Mighty’s favor, kindness and generosity towards His servants. Thus
Allah gives time to His servants, doesn’t punish them at once and if they
repent, will forgive their sins.
Allah’s Anger, Revenge and Punishment, and
His speedy chastisement are salaam in the meaning that it is not due to
cruelty, hard-heartedness or injustice but is fully based on Hikmah (Wisdom)
and Justice. So Allah’s
punishment also deserves to praise Him like His Forgiving deserves to praise
Him. This is because if Allah leaves a cruel transgressor free and unchecked by
punishment then the others will be in trouble and their life will become hard
for them. Thus it is against wisdom and justice to leave the cruels free for
transgression and corruption in the land of Allah where everyone has the right
to live in peace and safety.
Allah’s making fortune is also salaam i.e.
safe from any injustice, it is with full hikmah (wisdom). Allah’s Deen
(religion) and Laws are all Salaam i.e. the entire Islaamic system is peace,
safety and security because there is no defect or conflict between the Commands
of Allah and the human nature. None of Allah’s Commands puts burdon on man that
he/she cannot bear. All of the Islamic Commands are full of mercy and grace,
and are based on wisdom and justice. These Commands are for the welfare and
benefit of mankind here and in the here-after. Similarly, Allah’s bestowing
blessings on the servants is salaam from any need for a substitute etc. Allah
doesn’t owe to people any thing nor He needs anything from them. Thus it is
only the kindness of Allah that He bestows blessings on people. And when Allah
stops blessings from a person then it is also salaam from any greed or fear of
destitution. So Allah’s stopping blessings from someone is purely based on
justice and wisdom and is not due to greediness or poverty.
In short, Allah is Salaam in His all attributes.
Truly Allah is a very Unique Being, so we cannot imagin or describe His
attributes in full. We understand a lot from Allah’s creation which is before
our eyes. But at the same time there are lots more which are hidden from our
eyes or are beyond our understanding. Allah’s one name is Az-Zaahir (written as
Al-Zaahir) it means the Manifest One. The other and opposite name is Al-Baatin
(The Hidden One). Allah is Zaahir i.e. Manifest because of Allah’s great
creative Power. So we can see the greatness of All-Mighty God by looking at the
surrounding excellent universe. But at the same time Allah is hidden from our
eyes, We cannot see the Great Great Being, our Creator, although Allah is so
near to us! Allah is As-Salaam and Al-Ghaniyyun-Hameed (Self Sufficient and
Allah’s seeing and hearing are also salaam
from similarity with that of the creation. The seeing and hearing of the
creation cannot be compared to that of Allah. Allah sees and hears all what is
inside all hearts and all cells, nuclei and genes etc. Allah sees and hears
each and everything at one and the same time. Nothing is hidden from Allah in the
darkness of the night, in the depth of the oceans and even inside and under the
Allah’s making someone friend is also salaam
(safe) from any weakness. Allah made the Prophets and pious Muslims His friends
but it was due to kindness and good of Allah and not due to any type of
weakness or need. Allah said in the verse 111 of the surah Al-Israa:
Surah Al-Israa verse 111 (translation only);
(17:111) And say: “All praise be to Allah
Who has neither taken to Himself a son, nor has He any partner in His kingdom,
nor does He need any protecting friend, out of weakness”. So glorify Him in a
manner worthy of His glory.
The evidence of this great name of Allah
Ta’ala is that Allah is the Lord of peace, Safety and security. Look at the
management of that Lord and think about it. Generally, this earth is made full
of peace and safety for the creation. The Sun, the moon, the stars and the
cycle of the day and night are all made safe and beneficial to the creatures.
Allah said salaam to His Prophets as can be seen in the following verses of the
Surah Al-Naml (An-Naml) verse 59:
(27:59). Say, [O Muhammad], “Praise be to Allah, and peace upon His servants whom He has
chosen. Is Allah better or what they associate with Him?”
Surah Al-Saffaat (As-Saffaat) 79, 109, 120,
130 (their translation only):
(37:79). “Peace upon Noah among the worlds.”
(37:109). “Peace upon Abraham.”
(37:120). “Peace upon Moses and Aaron.”
(37:130). “Peace upon Elias.”
Allah said salaam (peace) to the dwellers of
Paradise. See the translation of the following verses.
Surah al-Ahzaab 44:
(33:44). Their greeting the Day they meet Him will be,
“Peace.” And He has prepared for them a noble reward.
Surah Yaseen 58:
(36:58). [And] “Peace,” a word from a
Surah Ibraheem 23:
(14:23). And those who believed and did righteous deeds
will be admitted to gardens beneath which rivers flow, abiding eternally
therein by permission of their Lord; and their greeting therein will be,
Allah made Paradise Salaam (safe and peaceful place) for the righteous
believers, and it is safe from death, grief and sadness. It is also safe from
any type of stress and oppression. See the translation of the surah Al-An’aam
(6:127). For them will be the Home of Peace with their
Lord. And He will be their protecting friend because of what they used to do.
Allah also made ‘Salaam’(peace) the word of greeting in this world. So
we greet eachother by saying, “As-Salaam-o-alaykum” (Peace be on you all).
There is a hadeeth shareef (its translation is):
Narrated Abu Hurairah: that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “By the One in Whose Hand is my soul! You will not
enter Paradise until you believe, and you will not believe until you love one
another. Shall I inform you about a matter which if you do it, then you will
love one another? Spread the Salam among each other.”