Tag: Paradise

الخالق, الباري, المصور

Al-Khaaliq 

(The Creator, The Planner of creation)

Al-Baaree’ (The Evolver)

Al-Musawwir (The Bestower of forms and shapes, the Fashioner)

Here is the verse 24 of surah Al-hashr along with its English translation:

هُوَ اللّٰهُ الۡخَـالِـقُ الۡبَارِئُ الۡمُصَوِّرُ​ لَـهُ الۡاَسۡمَآءُ الۡحُسۡنٰى​ؕ يُسَبِّحُ لَهٗ مَا فِى السَّمٰوٰتِ وَالۡاَرۡضِ​ۚ وَهُوَ الۡعَزِيۡزُ الۡحَكِيۡمُ24‏

24. He is Allah, the Creator, the Evolver, the Bestower of Forms (and Colours). To Him belong the Most Beautiful Names: whatever is in the heavens and on earth, does declare His Praises and Glory: and He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.

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The other translation of the same verse is:

 
(59:24) He is Allah, the Planner,44 Executer and Fashioner of creation.45 His are the names most beautiful.46 Whatever is in the heavens and the earth extols His Glory.47 He is the Most Mighty, the Most Wise.48


This verse 24 of surah Al-Hashr has some of the beautiful names of Allah Almighty. For their explanation, I am posting the exp.notes from the Tafheemul Qur’aan.

Exp. note 45:

45. That is, the entire world and everything in it, from the initial plan of its creation till its coming into existence in its final, finished form, is entirely Allah’s work of creation. Nothing has come into existence by itself nor come about accidentally, nor has anyone else the least share in its creation and development. Here, Allah’s act of creation has been described in three separate stages, which take place one after the other.

 First is the stage of khalq, which means to ordain, or to plan. It is like an engineer’s conceiving the design of a building, which he intends to build for a specific purpose and draws out its detailed diagram and model.

The second stage is baar, which actually means to separate, to cut, to split asunder. The Creator has been called Al-baarii in the sense that He enforces the plan He has conceived and brings out the thing from non-existence into existence. It is Analogous to the engineer’s putting marks on the ground of the full measurements of the building according to the plan, digging the foundations, raising the walls and completing all the practical preliminaries of the construction work.

 The third stage is taswir:

 which means to give shape; here it implies giving something its final complete shape.

 In all these three stages there is no resemblance whatever between Allah’s work and human works. None of human plans is such as may not have been derived from previous models and plans. But each of Allah’s plans is, unique and His own original creation. Whatever man makes, he makes it by combining the substances created by Allah. He does not bring anything from nonexistence into existence, but composes and constructs by different methods whatever is present and available. Contrary to this, Allah has brought everything from non-existence into creation, and the substance itself of which He has made the universe is created by Him. Likewise, in the matter of giving shape also man is not the inventor but an imitator, and only a poor imitator. The real Maker of forms and shapes is Allah, Who has given a unique and matchless shape to every species and individual and has never repeated exactly the same shape or form. 

Some more explanation of these names:

Al-Khaaliq (The Creator, The Planner of creation)

The name Al-Khaaliq came at many places in the Holy Quraan. In addition to the verse 24 of the surah Al-Hashr, it came in surah Al-Zumar (Az-Zumar ) verse 62. This name of Allah also came in the unusual big form which is Al-Khallaaq. See the translation of the following verses.

Surah Al-Zumar 62 (translation only):

(39:62). Allah is Al-Khaaliq (the Creator) of all things, and He is, over all things, Disposer of affairs.

Surah Al-Hijr 86 (Translation):

(15:86). Indeed, your Lord – He is Al-Khallaaq-ul-Aleem ( the Great   Creator- the All- Knowing).

Surah Yaseen verse 81 (translation):

(36:81). Is not He who created the heavens and the earth Able to create the likes of them? Why not, and He is Al- Khallaaq-ul-Aleem (the Great Creator- the All- Knowing).

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The word al-khalaqa has two meanings: 1. To invent and originate a thing from nothing. That is a thing is invented and originated without its previous existence. For e.g. Allah said in the surah Yaseen verse 71(its translation is):

(36:71). Do they not see that We have created for them from what Our hands have made, grazing livestock, and [then] they are their owners?

 Surah Al-Qamar 49 (translation only ):

(54:49). Indeed, all things We created with predestination.

Surah Al-Anbiyaa verse 104 (translation):

(21:104). The Day when We will fold the heaven like the folding of a [written] sheet for the records. As We began the first creation, We will repeat it. [That is] a promise binding upon Us. Indeed, We will do it.

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1.  Al-Khalaqa  is also used in the meaning of “taqdeer. That is to estimate or assess. For e.g. in the verse 17 of the surah Al-Ankabut (its translation is):

(29;17). You only worship, besides Allah, idols, and you produce a falsehood ( i.e. you are simply inventing lies). Indeed, those you worship besides Allah do not possess for you [the power of] provision. So seek from Allah provision and worship Him and be grateful to Him. To Him you will be returned.”

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The words used in theArabic text are: وتخلقون إفكا   [(It means:” and you create (invent /produce)lies/falsehood]”. That is why it comes in the Book of Allah

İn the surah Al-Mu’minoon verse 14 (its translation is):

(23:14). Then We made the sperm-drop into a clinging clot, and We made the clot into a lump [of flesh], and We made [from] the lump, bones, and We covered the bones with flesh; then We developed him into another creation. So blessed is Allah, the best of creators.

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The above verse points to other inventors/ producers etc. For e.g. a person makes a car. So he created something but he used materials already present, those are the materials created by Allah. But the One who has the Power and Ability to create from nothing is only the All-Mighty God Allah. An engineer can make a car because Allah gave him the ability, wisdom, and materials to make a car. So he is not an absolute creator. So the “word khalaqa” when used for a man then it means taqdeer i.e. he gives a shape to a thing which is already present, but when it is used for the creation of something completely new without the presence of the like of it then it is only the quality of Allah. As Allah said in the surah Faatir verse 3 (its translation is):

(35:3). O mankind, remember the favor of Allah upon you. Is there any creator other than Allah who provides for you from the heaven and earth? There is no deity except Him, so how are you deluded?         ****************************************************************************************

Surah Luqman verses 10—11(translation only):

(31:10). He created the heavens without pillars that you see and has cast into the earth firmly set mountains, lest it should shift with you, and dispersed therein from every creature. And We sent down rain from the sky and made grow therein [plants] of every noble kind.

(31:11). This is the creation of Allah . So show Me what those other than Him have created. Rather, the wrongdoers are in clear error.

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Rather Allah Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala proved the humbleness of all mankind regarding creation. Yes! Allah said in the verses 73 and 74 of the Surah Al-Hajj (their translation is):

(22:73). O people, an example is presented, so listen to it. Indeed, those you invoke besides Allah will never create [as much as] a fly, even if they gathered together for that purpose. And if the fly should steal away from them a [tiny] thing, they could not recover it from him. Weak are the pursuer and pursued.

(22:74).They have not appraised Allah with true appraisal. Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might.

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Then the creation of the whole universe and all the creatures is not useless and purposeless. We are not here for playing and passing time. Allah  Ta’ala is High above such usless actions. So the creation of the universe is purposeful and has a very good purpose. Allah said in surah Al-Anbiyaa 16—18 and Al-Mu,minoon 115–116 (their translation is here):

Surah Al-Anbiyaa verses 16—18:

(21:16). And We did not create the heaven and earth and that between them in play.

(21:17) Had it been Our will to find a pastime, We would have found one near at hand; if at all We were inclined to do so.

(21:18) Nay, We hurl the Truth at falsehood so that the Truth crushes falsehood, and lo! it vanishes. Woe to you for what you utter!

Surah Al-Mu’minoon verses 115—116:

(23:115). Then did you think that We created you uselessly and that to Us you would not be returned?”

(23:116). So exalted is Allah, the Sovereign, the Truth; there is no deity except Him, Lord of the Noble Throne.

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Allah All-Mighty God has created us all to worship Him.The proof of this is found in the surah Al-Dhariyaat verse 56 (its translation is):

(51:56). And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.

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It is frequently mentioned in the verses of the Holy Quraan that the unbelivers confess that only Allah is the Creator, Sustainer and the Bestower of blessings. Thus only Allah has the status and right to be worshipped. So it is obligated on people to worship only One Allah and to follow Allah’s Deen (Religion Islam) sincerely. Allah said in the verse 61 of the surah Al-Ankabut (translation only):  

(29:61). If you asked them, “Who created the heavens and earth and subjected the sun and the moon?” they would surely say, ” Allah .” Then how are they deluded?

Also in surah Luqmaan verse 25 (translation):

(31:25). And if you asked them, “Who created the heavens and earth?” they would surely say, ” Allah .” Say, “[All] praise is [due] to Allah “; but most of them do not know.

Surah Al-Room (Ar-Room) 40 (translation):

(30:40). Allah is the one who created you, then provided for you, then will cause you to die, and then will give you life. Are there any of your “partners” who does anything of that? Exalted is He and high above what they associate with Him.

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In this verse Allah first reminded that Allah is that One Who created you and provided you sustenance, then He gives you death and then will give you life again. Is there any from your (false gods, statues etc. whom you ) associate (with Allah) who does anything from these acts? Without any doubt the answer will be “No”. That is none of their false deities can do any of these acts. So in the last part of the verse Allah says:… “Exalted is He and high above what they associate with Him”.  

Allah said in the surah Al-Mu’minoon verses 84—-89 (their translation is):

(23:84). Say, [O Muhammad], “To whom belongs the earth and whoever is in it, if you should know?”

(23:85). They will say, “To Allah .” Say, “Then will you not remember?”

(23:86). Say, “Who is Lord of the seven heavens and Lord of the Great Throne?”

(23:87). They will say, “[They belong] to Allah .” Say, “Then will you not fear Him?”

(23:88) Ask them: “Say, if you indeed know, to whom belongs the dominion81 over all things; (Who is it) that grants asylum, but against Whom no asylum is available?”

(23:89) They will surely say: “(The dominion over all things) belongs to Allah.” Say: “Whence are you then deluded?”82

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Here a wise person is shocked on the foolish actions of idolaters! Where is the wisdom of the idolaters? How they exchanged their deity / God from the one Who created the heavens, the earth, the light and darkness to the worship of false gods who cannot benefit or harm anyone and do not own even a small particle in the heavens and the earth. See the translation of the verses 191, 192 of the surah Al-A’raaf:

(7:191). Do they associate with Him those who create nothing and they are [themselves] created?

(7:192). And the false deities are unable to help them, nor can they help themselves.

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How did they make the earthen statues equal to the Lord (The King) of the lords (kings) and gave the humans like themselves status equal to the Great Lord Allah Ta’la?

Allah All-Mighty is high above what they (the idolaters ) attribute to Him, and is Holy and clean from all that they associate with Him.

الجبار

Al-Jabbaar (The Enforcer of HIS decrees):

Exp-note 42 (of the verse 23 of surah Al-Hashar):

42. The word Al-Jabbaar as used in the original is derived from jabr which means setting something right by use of power, reforming something by force. Allah has been called Al-Jabbaar in the sense that He sets the system of His universe right by the use of power and enforces His will, which is entirely based on wisdom. Moreover, the word Jabber also contains the meaning of greatness and glory. Thus, a palm-tree which is too tall for the people to pluck its fruit is called jabber in Arabic. Likewise, an act which is grand and glorious is called amal jabbar. 

The other meanings of Jabbaar as given in the light of the Quraanic verses are:

  1. Overpowering;

          All things are low and subjected to Allah, everything and everyone is in submission to Allah willfully or unwillfully. None has power to resist the All-Mighty God. Thus the upper world (the heavens) as well as the lower world (the earth, mountains and the oceans ) and all that which is in them surrender to Allah in their state of motion and rest. All are under the rule and management of Allah. They have no status of command. All Command and Rule belongs only to Allah.

The Command of Allah encompasses all rules of religion, fortune, and recompense. None is Haakim except Allah. None is Lord or God except Allah.

It does not mean that a person/servant is obliged in his/her personal actions. No! This is not the case because All-Mighty God has given him/her freedom of choice in his/her personal actions. So Allah said in surah Al-Kahf verse 29 and surah Al-Shams (pronounced as Ash-Shams) verses 7-10, here is their translation:

 (18:29) And say, “This is the truth from your Lord, so whoever wills – let him believe; and whoever wills – let him disbelieve.” Indeed, We have prepared for the wrongdoers a fire whose walls will surround them. And if they call for relief, they will be relieved with water, like murky oil, which scalds [their] faces. How dreadful is the drink and how evil is the resting place!

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This verse clearly informs that the truth of Tawheed (absolute Oneness of God) is very clear.Now the mankind is left with freedom to choose what way they like, whether the way of belief or the way of disbelief. But they must understand that the Haq (the Truth about God and the Accounting and Judgement Day will not be compromised. So those who willfully choose the wrong way (the way of Satan + their lust) will be punished in Hell with severe chastisement while those who will choose the right way will be rewarded in Paradise (see the next verse i.e verse 30 for their reward in Paradise).Surah Al-Shams (Ash-Shams) verses 7—10 (translation only):

(91:7). And [by] the soul and He who proportioned it

(91:8). And inspired it [with discernment of] its wickedness and its righteousness,

(91:9). He has succeeded who purifies it,

(91:10). And he has failed who instills it [with corruption].

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Here again Allah the All-Mighty God makes it clear that mankind is given freedom to choose the way of life they want. But they will be accounted and recompensed according to their faith and deeds.

The second meaning of Al-Jabbaar includes Allah’s Kindess and Mercy. According to this meaning, Allah makes someone poor and forces him/her to be patient. Then Allah gives him great reward for his poverty and sufferings. Similarly, a sick person is obliged to be patient on his illness and suffering. Then Allah gives him patience and relieves his/her pain, thus his/her sins are washed away. Those who fear Allah a lot and their hearts are remembering Allah, they are obliged by special Jabar. So they feel more and more greatness of Allah. If they by mistake are getting near a sinful thing, their hearts get fear and are warned in different way to be protected from the sins. The more a Muslim fears Allah, the greater he/she will be near Allah and will feel Allah’s attributes to stay away from sins. So their hearts are getting guided more and more in accordance with Quran and Sunnah. There is a du’aa “Allahumma ajbirnee” (meaning, “O Allah force me / compel me”). The meaning of this du’aa is the same type of Jabar , merciful jabar for protection from sins. It comes in the Al-Tirhmidhi and Ibn Maajah in a hadeeth narrated by Ibn Abbas RAA that the Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) صلى الله عليه و سلم used to say between the two prostrations in salaat:

 الهم اغفرلي  وارحمني و اجبرني و اهدني ارزقني

It means: “O Allah, forgive me, do mercy on me, compel me and guide me, and give me sustenance”.

The third meaning of Al-Jabbaar is the Highness of Allah over and above all the creations. And this Al-Jabaroot is only for one Allah. According to a hadeeth shareef given here the Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) صلى الله عليه و سلم   used to say in his rukoo (bowing down in prayer) and sujood (prostration):

سبحان ذي الجبروت و الملكوت و الكبرياء و العظمة

If anyone from the creation practices jabar so he/she will face the anger of Allah. Allah has promised for such a one severe punishment. Allah said in the verse 35 of Surah Ghaafir (Al-Mu’min) its translation is:

(40:35). Those who dispute concerning the signs of Allah without an authority having come to them – great is hatred [of them] in the sight of Allah and in the sight of those who have believed. Thus does Allah seal over every heart [belonging to] an arrogant tyrant.

Also Allah said in Surah Ibraheem verses 15-17 (translation only):

(14:15) They sought Our judgement. And every obstinate tyrant opposed to the Truth was brought to naught

(14:16). Before him is Hell, and he will be given a drink of purulent water.

(14:17). He will gulp it but will hardly [be able to] swallow it. And death will come to him from everywhere, but he is not to die. And before him is a massive punishment.

It came in Ahmad and Al-Tirmidhee from Abu Hurairah RAA, he said that Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم   said:

On the Day of Resurrection, a neck will come out of the Fire (of Hell). It has two eyes to see with, two ears to hear with, and a tongue that it will speak with. It will say: surely, I am appointed upon three: 1. Al-Jabbaarin Aneed (stubborn tyrants), 2) all those who associate other parteners with Allah, and 3) upon the picture makers.

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May Allah protect us from the Fire and from the Anger of Al-Jabbaar (God) and also we seek the refuge of Allah Subhaanahu from the evils of character, and from lust desires and moral illnesses.