Al-Jabbaar (The Enforcer of HIS decrees):
Exp-note 42 (of the verse 23 of surah Al-Hashar):
42. The word Al-Jabbaar as used in the original is derived from jabr which means setting something right by use of power, reforming something by force. Allah has been called Al-Jabbaar in the sense that He sets the system of His universe right by the use of power and enforces His will, which is entirely based on wisdom. Moreover, the word Jabber also contains the meaning of greatness and glory. Thus, a palm-tree which is too tall for the people to pluck its fruit is called jabber in Arabic. Likewise, an act which is grand and glorious is called amal jabbar.
The other meanings of Jabbaar as given in the light of the Quraanic verses are:
All things are low and subjected to Allah, everything and everyone is in submission to Allah willfully or unwillfully. None has power to resist the All-Mighty God. Thus the upper world (the heavens) as well as the lower world (the earth, mountains and the oceans ) and all that which is in them surrender to Allah in their state of motion and rest. All are under the rule and management of Allah. They have no status of command. All Command and Rule belongs only to Allah.
The Command of Allah encompasses all rules of religion, fortune, and recompense. None is Haakim except Allah. None is Lord or God except Allah.
It does not mean that a person/servant is obliged in his/her personal actions. No! This is not the case because All-Mighty God has given him/her freedom of choice in his/her personal actions. So Allah said in surah Al-Kahf verse 29 and surah Al-Shams (pronounced as Ash-Shams) verses 7-10, here is their translation:
(18:29) And say, “This is the truth from your Lord, so whoever wills – let him believe; and whoever wills – let him disbelieve.” Indeed, We have prepared for the wrongdoers a fire whose walls will surround them. And if they call for relief, they will be relieved with water, like murky oil, which scalds [their] faces. How dreadful is the drink and how evil is the resting place!
This verse clearly informs that the truth of Tawheed (absolute Oneness of God) is very clear.Now the mankind is left with freedom to choose what way they like, whether the way of belief or the way of disbelief. But they must understand that the Haq (the Truth about God and the Accounting and Judgement Day will not be compromised. So those who willfully choose the wrong way (the way of Satan + their lust) will be punished in Hell with severe chastisement while those who will choose the right way will be rewarded in Paradise (see the next verse i.e verse 30 for their reward in Paradise).Surah Al-Shams (Ash-Shams) verses 7—10 (translation only):
(91:7). And [by] the soul and He who proportioned it
(91:8). And inspired it [with discernment of] its wickedness and its righteousness,
(91:9). He has succeeded who purifies it,
(91:10). And he has failed who instills it [with corruption].
Here again Allah the All-Mighty God makes it clear that mankind is given freedom to choose the way of life they want. But they will be accounted and recompensed according to their faith and deeds.
The second meaning of Al-Jabbaar includes Allah’s Kindess and Mercy. According to this meaning, Allah makes someone poor and forces him/her to be patient. Then Allah gives him great reward for his poverty and sufferings. Similarly, a sick person is obliged to be patient on his illness and suffering. Then Allah gives him patience and relieves his/her pain, thus his/her sins are washed away. Those who fear Allah a lot and their hearts are remembering Allah, they are obliged by special Jabar. So they feel more and more greatness of Allah. If they by mistake are getting near a sinful thing, their hearts get fear and are warned in different way to be protected from the sins. The more a Muslim fears Allah, the greater he/she will be near Allah and will feel Allah’s attributes to stay away from sins. So their hearts are getting guided more and more in accordance with Quran and Sunnah. There is a du’aa “Allahumma ajbirnee” (meaning, “O Allah force me / compel me”). The meaning of this du’aa is the same type of Jabar , merciful jabar for protection from sins. It comes in the Al-Tirhmidhi and Ibn Maajah in a hadeeth narrated by Ibn Abbas RAA that the Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) صلى الله عليه و سلم used to say between the two prostrations in salaat:
الهم اغفرلي وارحمني و اجبرني و اهدني ارزقني
It means: “O Allah, forgive me, do mercy on me, compel me and guide me, and give me sustenance”.
The third meaning of Al-Jabbaar is the Highness of Allah over and above all the creations. And this Al-Jabaroot is only for one Allah. According to a hadeeth shareef given here the Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) صلى الله عليه و سلم used to say in his rukoo (bowing down in prayer) and sujood (prostration):
سبحان ذي الجبروت و الملكوت و الكبرياء و العظمة
If anyone from the creation practices jabar so he/she will face the anger of Allah. Allah has promised for such a one severe punishment. Allah said in the verse 35 of Surah Ghaafir (Al-Mu’min) its translation is:
(40:35). Those who dispute concerning the signs of Allah without an authority having come to them – great is hatred [of them] in the sight of Allah and in the sight of those who have believed. Thus does Allah seal over every heart [belonging to] an arrogant tyrant.
Also Allah said in Surah Ibraheem verses 15-17 (translation only):
(14:15) They sought Our judgement. And every obstinate tyrant opposed to the Truth was brought to naught
(14:16). Before him is Hell, and he will be given a drink of purulent water.
(14:17). He will gulp it but will hardly [be able to] swallow it. And death will come to him from everywhere, but he is not to die. And before him is a massive punishment.
It came in Ahmad and Al-Tirmidhee from Abu Hurairah RAA, he said that Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم said:
On the Day of Resurrection, a neck will come out of the Fire (of Hell). It has two eyes to see with, two ears to hear with, and a tongue that it will speak with. It will say: surely, I am appointed upon three: 1. Al-Jabbaarin Aneed (stubborn tyrants), 2) all those who associate other parteners with Allah, and 3) upon the picture makers.
May Allah protect us from the Fire and from the Anger of Al-Jabbaar (God) and also we seek the refuge of Allah Subhaanahu from the evils of character, and from lust desires and moral illnesses.