المغني

Al-Mughnee (The Enricher)

Allah is Al-Mughnee as only Allah can make all people rich and independent.

We, the human beings are extremely weak and needy. We depend upon Allah Azza wa Jall for all of our needs. Allah makes the poor rich as Allah said in Surah Al-Noor (An-Noor) verse 32, (its translation is):
32. And marry those among you who are single and (also marry) the Salihun (pious, fit and capable ones) of your male and female slaves. If they are poor, Allah will enrich them out of His Bounty. And Allah is All- Sufficient for His creatures’ needs, All-Knowing (about the state of the people).

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Thus Allah ordered the Muslims to marry even the poor slaves because Allah, being Al-Ghanee and Al-Mughnee, will make them rich out of HIS bounty. So all of those people who are rich and independent, are enriched by the Al-Mughnee Attribute of Allah Azza wa Jall.

All treasures of the heavens and the earth are in the hands of Allah All-Mighty and His Generosity is very vast for HIS creation. HE is bestowing numerous kinds of blessings on mankind and other creatures day and night!

Allah Azza wa Jall said in surah Al-Najam (An-Najam) verse 48:

48. And that He (is Allah) who enriches and suffices (gives contentment)

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People from the whole earth call Allah Ta’aala for their needs. Allah Azza wa Jall fulfills the needs of all servants and makes tremendously rich whomsoever HE wills. This type of ghina (riches) is good in case the rich servants fear Allah All-Mighty, consider their wealth the wealth of Allah, and spend it to help poor and needy as well as to serve Islam. An example is that of Uthmaan rAa who was called Uthmaan Ghanee rAa as Allah, the Al-Ghanee and Al-Mughnee had made him so rich. He used to spend his wealth for the pleasure of Allah Azza Wa Jall. For example he bought a well from the Jews and left it free for all people to take water from it. So the wealth was in his hand but it didn’t enter his heart.

Again, there are others who are made rich and independent by Allah, “The Al-Mughnee”, but they have no fear of Allah and no gratitude for HIM. They show pride and arrogance. Instead of helping the poor, they, if they allowed, would step down on them. There are another type of people whose hunger and greed for wealth is never satisfied. No matter how much wealth they have, but demand more and thus they are always restless to have more and more wealth. So a Hadeeth shareef guides us as:



A hadeeth shareef is reported by Muslim Saheeh, is narrated by Abu Hurerah rAa that Allah’s Messenger (Muhammad) salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam said, “ Al-ghina is not by excessive riches, rather al-ghina is the ghina of the nafs (soul, heart)”.

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That is the real ghina which makes one’s heart rich so he/she has little but sufficient for their needs. They are contented with what they have, they pay thanks to Allah and for HIS Pleasure share their food with the poor neighbors and poor relatives.


We must pray to Allah to make our hearts ghanee and also may Allah Azza wa Jall make us like Uthmaan rAa.

This is also due to the quality Al-Mughnee that Allah Azza wa jall has prepared unique blessings in the gardens of Paradise for the Muttaqeen practicing believers——– such blessings that no eye has seen, no ear has heard about, and no heart/ mind can imagine them. Allah Al-Ghanee and Al-Mughnee said in the surah Al-Sajdah (As-Sajdah) verse 17 (its translation is):

17. Now no person knows what delights of the eye are kept hidden (in reserve) for them – as a reward for their (good) deeds.
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Thus anyone who recognized these qualities of Allah will recognize his own nafs (self). For example, anyone who recognized Allah to be Absolutely Al-Ghanee and Al-Mughnee, he will recognize himself to be absolutely faqeer (beggar) to Allah because he depends upon Allah’s Mercy and Kindness for all his needs!

We should pray (supplicate) as:

Allahumma akfina bi-halaalika an haraamik wa aghnina bi-fadlika amman siwak.

الغني

Al-Ghanee  (The Self Sufficient, The All Rich, The Independent)

According to some scholars this Attribute of Allah came in 18 places in the Holy Quraan. Allah said in the Holy Qur’aan:

Surah Al-An’aam verse 133, (English translation only) and its explanarion:

(6:133) Your Lord is Self-Sufficient, full of compassion.101 If He wills, He can put you away and cause whomever He wills to succeed you just as He has produced you from the seed of another people.
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Exp. note 101:

101. The Qur’anic statement: ‘Your Lord is Self-Sufficient’ signifies that God is in need of nothing from anyone, that none of His interests will be jeopardized by disobedience to Him, and that no benefit will accrue to Him from obedience. Even if all human beings became disobedient, God’s dominion will not shrink. Nor will His dominion expand if everybody were to become obedient and serve and worship Him as they ought to. God is dependent neither upon their show of veneration nor upon their offerings. He lavishes His limitless treasures on human beings and seeks nothing in return.
The other statement, namely that ‘Your Lord is full of compassion’, has been made here to emphasize two things:

First, that when God urges human beings to follow the Right Way, and asks them not to do anything in conflict with Ultimate Reality, He does not do so because their good behavior benefits Him or their misconduct harms Him. He does so because good conduct is beneficial to man himself, as evil conduct is harmful to him. Hence it is out of sheer benevolence that God urges man to develop righteous conduct, for it will raise him to great heights, and He urges him to avoid evil conduct because it will lead to his own degradation. Second, that God is not unduly stern in judging man. He gets no pleasure from punishing people. He is not on the look-out for slight lapses for which to convict and persecute people. God is highly compassionate towards all His creatures and governs with utmost mercy and benevolence, and the same characterizes His dealings with human beings as well. Hence, He constantly forgives the sins of people. Many disobey, indulge in sins, commit crimes, disregard God’s commands, even though they are nourished by the sustenance He provides. God, nevertheless, continually treats them with forbearance and forgives them. Again and again, He grants them respite in order that they may take heed, understand things properly and reform themselves. Had He been excessively stern, He could even have obliterated them instantly and raised up another people. He could have put an end to humanity and brought into being an altogether different species of creation.
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Surah Faatir 15:


(35:15) O people, it is you who stand in need of Allah;36 as for Allah, He is Self-Sufficient, Immensely Praiseworthy.37
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Exp. note 36 and 37:
36. That is, you should not remain under the delusion that Allah stands in need of your help. If you do not accept Him as God, His Godhead will fail, and if you do not serve and worship Him, He will incur some loss. Nay, but the fact is that you stand in need of Him. You cannot remain alive for a moment if He does not keep you alive, and does not provide you with the means by which you remain alive in the world and function. Therefore, when you are told to adopt His service and obedience, it is not because Allah stands in need of it, but because your own success depends upon it here as well as in the Hereafter. If you do not do so, you will be harming your own selves only, and not Allah in any way.

37. The word Ghani implies that He is the Owner of everything: He is Self-sufficient and Independent of all. He does not stand in need of anyone’s help. The word Hamid implies that He is Self-Praiseworthy: someone may praise Him, or may not, but He alone is worthy of hamd (praise and gratitude). These two attributes have been used together because one would be ghani even if one did not do any good to anyone by one’s wealth. In such a case one would be ghani but not hamid One will be hamid only in case one does not draw any benefit for oneself but benefits others in every way from the treasures of his wealth and resources. Since Allah is perfect in these two attributes, it has been said: “He is not just Ghani (self-sufficient) but such Ghani as is worthy of every kind of praise and gratitude, for He is fulfilling your needs as well as the needs of all other creatures.
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Surah Luqmaan 26:

(31:26) All that is in the heavens and the earth belongs to Allah.46 Verily He is All-Sufficient, Immensely Praiseworthy.47
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A Hadeeth Al-Qudsee:

(Hadeeth Al-Qudsee is a hadeeth shareef which is in the words of Allah Azza wa Jall. Otherwise every hadeeth is in the words of the prophet Muhammad (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) but its meanings come from Allah azza wa Jall.)

Allah Ta’ala says: “O MY servants, If all of the former and later of you, and the human kind of you and Jinn of you become the most righteous men it will not increase anything in MY Dominion. And if all of the former and later of you and the human kind and Jinn kind of you become the most evil men, it will not decrease anything in MY Dominion.” And HE said, “O MY servants, indeed you cannot reach ME to harm ME; and you cannot reach ME to benefit ME”.
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(This Hadeeth al-Qudsee is a part of a long Hadeeth narrated by Abi Dharr rAa and reported by Muslim).

You should also read the translation and explanation of the following verses to know more about this Attribute of Allah Azza wa Jall:

Surah Muhammad verse 38, Al-Baqarah 267, Yoonus 68.

In the surah yoonus 68 Allah said:

68. They have said, ” Allah has taken a son.” Exalted is He; He is the [one] Free of need. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. You have no authority for this [claim]. Do you say about Allah that which you do not know?
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So the Attribute Al-Ghanee (Rich, Self-sufficient and Free of need) also proves that Allah is High above any fault or defect and also free from any deficiency. Thus Allah is Free from any need to have a son!

Similarly, Allah being Free of any want or need, doesn’t need a partner or an associate. Thus Allah Azza wa Jall is the Only One God Who has no son and no partner.

الجامع

Al-Jaami’ (The Gatherer)

Allah All-Mighty said in the verse 9 of the surah Aali-Imraan, (here is its English translation):

9. Our Lord, surely You will gather the people for a Day about which there is no doubt. Indeed, Allah does not fail in His promise.”
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Allah Ta’aala is the One Who shall gather all mankind for Accounting on the Day of Judgment. None of the mankind will be able to disappear or remain absent from the Gathering of that Great Day. It is very easy for Allah Azza wa Jall to resurrect mankind from every corner of the earth! That shall happen with the 2nd sounding of the Trumpet! Whether a person died and was buried in the ground or drowned in an ocean or river or was burned to ashes—- no matter how he /she had died and where—– but everyone will be raised with body and soul as adult and then the scattered people shall be brought by angels by the Command of Allah to gather together!!!

The tafseer of the Holy Qur’aan says that the place of gathering will be the same earth. Before Resurrection it shall become a flat ground / field by the Will of Allah Azza wa Jall so that no curve or elevation or crookedness will be seen in it. Read the translation of the verses 105—107 of surah Taha:

105. They ask you concerning the Mountains: say, “My Lord will uproot them and scatter them as dust;

106. “Then He shall leave it (the earth) as a level smooth plain.

107. You will not see therein a depression or an elevation.”
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Another translation of the same verse (Taha 107) is:

107. “Nothing crooked or curved will you see therein.”
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Moreover, when all mankind is gathered, they will be naked and bare foot!

A hadeeth shareef narrated by Aa-ishah rAa: She said “ I heard Allah’s Messenger salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam saying”: “People will be gathered on the Day of Resurrection bare footed, naked and uncircumcised”. “I said, O the Messenger of Allah, will they see each other”? “He salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam said, “Ya Aa-ishah, the situation shall be too hard to look at each other”!

(Muslim and Bukhaari)
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People shall be in terrible state, the sun will be only one meel above and people will be sweating. (The meaning of meel in dictionary is a mile but in Fiq it is not clear to the scholars what is the real meaning of the word meel in the Hereafter). They will be covered by their own sweat up to different levels according to their faith and actions that they did in this world. So some will be covered up to his/ her ankles (their feet shall be under sweat), some up to knees, some up to his /her loins and some will be drowned up to his / her mouth.

There will be no shade except the shade of the Arshil-Azeem (the Great Throne of Allah All-Mighty). The believers with special qualities will be given place in that shade.

According to a hadeeth shareef (in Bukhaari and Muslim), narrated by Abu Hurerah rAa and Abi Sa’eed rAa: Allah’s Messenger salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam said, “seven will be provided shade by Allah on the Day when there will be no shade except the shade (of the Throne) of Allah, they will be; A just leader, a young person who was brought up in the worship of Allah, and a man whose heart is attached with masjid, two men who love each other for Allah, they meet and separate for the love of Allah, a man who is invited by a woman of high status and beauty, but he says, “I fear Allah”; a man (or woman) who gives charity in hidden so that what he spends with one hand the other hand doesn’t know about it, and a man (or woman) who remembers Allah in solitude and his eyes fill up with tears”.
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Thus this Gathering shall be for the purpose of Accounting and passing judgment. You can see the details of different stages and Accounting on the Day of Gathering in the books of Hadeeth and also in the translation and tafseer (explanation/ commentary) of some surahs of the Holy Qur’aan.

المقسط

Al-Muqsit (The Equitable One, The One Who is Just and Fair)

The meanings of Al-Adal and Al-Muqsit are almost similar. You should read the post # 35 (Al-Adal) in this thread to get some more information of the Justice of Allah Ta’aala. Al-Adal is an attribute of Allah which informs us about Allah’s Justice here and in the Here-after.

Al-Muqsit also means the Just One and the One Who gives everyone his /her portion of justice.

Qist means justice, Fairness.

Allah Azza wa jall said in surah Yoonus verse 54 (its English translation is):


54. And if every person who had wronged (by disbelieving in Allah and by worshipping others besides Allah), possessed all that is on earth, and sought to ransom himself therewith (it will not be accepted), and they would feel in their hearts regret when they see the torment, and they will be judged with justice, and no wrong will be done unto them.
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As we can see in this verse that the punishments in the Here-after are so much painful that the criminals will wish to escape it even if it was by ransoming himself / herself with the wealth and property equal to the whole world! But it will not be possible to rescue oneself from it when he / she is caught due to his / her own sins. Allah’s Justice is very pure. No injustice will be done to anyone! They shall regret but in vain! May Allah Ta’aala protect us, aameen!

Allah’s principles have no injustice. So all people who will be admitted to Hell will be due to the pure Justice of Allah Azza wa Jall and all those admitted to Paradise will be due to the Mercy of Allah Ta’aala!

There everyone will be fully satisfied with the judgment and no one will complain against it. There, everyone will see the truth proven and that he / she was on fault and no injustice is done to them. The criminals will weep and request that they should be sent back to this world and be given another chance, then they would not disobelieve again. But no other chance will be given. See the translation of verse 12 of the surah Al-Sajdah (As-Sajdah):


12. And if you only could see when the Mujrimun (criminals, disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, etc.) shall hang their heads before their Lord (saying): “Our Lord! We have now seen and heard, so send us back (to the world), we will do righteous good deeds. Verily! We now believe with certainty.”
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The answer comes in the verse 14 of the same surah Al-Sajdah (As-Sajdah):


14. Then taste you (the torment of the Fire) because of your forgetting the Meeting of this Day of yours, (and) surely! We too will forget you, so taste you the abiding torment for what you used to do.
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According to hadeeth shareef, Allah divided HIS Mercy into 100 parts. Allah Azza wa Jall gave only one part from that Mercy to the whole world and kept 99 parts for the Day of Judgment! Now all mercy found in this world [like the mercy of all mothers for their children, even all animals (except snake) have great mercy for their young ones], comes from 1% Mercy of Allah All-Mighty. In the Here-after all of the 99% Mercy will be for the believers (Muslims) only. For the unbelievers there shall be no mercy in the Here-after. They will be dealt with adal / qist (justice) from Allah and they will never come out from the ever-lasting Hell!

All Muslims shall be in need of the mercy of Allah Taa’ala to enter Paradise because their marks (darajaat) will not reach the passing standard. Then Allah Ta’ala will add from HIS mercy to pass them and admit them to Paradise. (May Allah Azza wa Jall make us from them, aameen). To get the Mercy of Allah we must remember the following verse 156 of the surah Al-A’raaf:

Surah Al-A’raaf verses 155—-156 (Translation only):

155. And Musa (Moses) chose out of his people seventy (of the best) men for Our appointed time and place of meeting, and when they were seized with a violent earthquake, he said: “O my Lord, if it had been Your Will, You could have destroyed them and me before; would You destroy us for the deeds of the foolish ones among us? It is only Your Trial by which You lead astray whom You will, and keep guided whom You will. You are our Wali (Protector), so forgive us and have Mercy on us, for You are the Best of those who forgive.


156. And decree for us in this world [that which is] good and [also] in the Hereafter; indeed, we have turned back to You.” [ Allah ] said, “My punishment – I afflict with it whom I will, but My mercy encompasses all things.” So I will decree it [especially] for those who fear Me and give zakah and those who believe in Our verses –

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The verse 156 tells about the mercy of Allah Azza wa Jall that Allah will decree it for three types of people (Muslims): 1. Those who fear Allah Ta’aala, 2. Those who pay the obligatory charity, 3. Those who believe in Allah’s verses.

Thus we must try to get the mercy of Allah Ta’aala on the Day of Judgment by obeying in this world all of these Commands of Allah. Remember that those who do not make prayer (salaat) 5 times every day regularly, are excluded from Islam.

(Note. Verse 155 (above) is included here for your understanding the verse 156.)