الرؤوف

Al-Ra’uuf (Ar-Ra’uuf)
The Clement, The Compassionate, The All-Pitying

This name is derived from the word ra’fa which means mercy. “Ra’fa bi” means to have mercy upon. Ar-ra’fah is the mercy which in this world is common for all but in the Here-After it is only for some special type of people like al-awliyaa (the friends), al-mu’minoon (the practicing believers) and al-muttaqoon (those who fear Allah All-Mighty a lot and are always obedient to Allah Azza wa jall). Thus Al-Ra’uuf (Ar-Ra’uuf) means the Merciful, the Affectionate the Compassionate and the Clement.

Here is the translation of some of the verses of the Holy Quraan which have this beautiful name of Allah Ta’ala. One of the important principles about the Names of Allah is that: when an aayah (verse) of the Holy Qur’aan ends with a Name of Allah then it means that the Command in the verse is related to the beautiful Name of Allah. So now we will see the verses with this beautiful Name of Allah Azza wa Jall:

Surah Al-Baqarah verse 143:

وما كان الله ليضيع ايمانكم إن الله باالناس لرءوف رحيم ….

The translation of the complete verse is:

143. Thus We have appointed you a middle nation, that ye may be witnesses against mankind, and that the messenger may be a witness against you. And We appointed the qiblah which ye formerly observed only that We might know him who followeth the messenger, from him who turneth on his heels. In truth it was a hard (test) save for those whom Allah guided. But it was not Allah’s purpose that your faith should be in vain, for Allah is Full of Pity, Merciful toward mankind.
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Thus it means that It doesn’t befit Allah azza wa jall to waste your faith. This is great mercy of Allah and in this there is happy news for the practicing believers that Allah Who by HIS Mercy gave us Islam and eemaan (the faith of Islam), will rather protect our eemaan so that it persists and remains strong with the rituals and character of Islam.

And Allah said in surah Al-Baqarah 207:

207. And there is the type of man who gives his life to earn the pleasure of Allah: And Allah is full of kindness to (His) slaves.

Another translation of the same verse is:

207. And of mankind is he who would sell himself, seeking the Pleasure of Allah. And Allah is full of Kindness to (His) slaves.
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Here appears a very beautiful and excellent principle of Allah azza wa Jall. That is when a Muslim sells his nafs to seek Allah’s pleasure, i.e. he forgets about his personal desires; rather he struggles to follow Allah’s Commands, then the ending of this verse by this great Name of Allah (Ar-Ra’uuf) with the words “bil ibaad” is like the Muslim (who sold himself for the pleasure of Allah ) will establish peace and security for the people. He /she will try to give people their rights. As Allah is Ar-Ra’uuf bil ibaad (very Kind to HIS servants) So the Muslim who devotes his life and struggles to please Allah, will do many things for the comfort of the ibaad (members of his society) in this world and for their success in the Here-After (This was my understanding but Allah knows the best). We can see that the Prophets alaihim salaam and their close followers always struggled for the rights of the mankind!!! They expect their reward only from Allah Azza wa Jall in the next world and serve humanity for free.

Surah Aali-Imran verse 30 (English translation):

30. On the Day when every person will be confronted with all the good he has done, and all the evil he has done, he will wish that there were a great distance between him and his evil. And Allah warns you of Himself (His Punishment) and Allah is full of Kindness to (HIS) slaves.
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Although Allah Azza wa Jall is very strict in punishment to the transgressors but along with that Allah Azza wa Jall is Ra’uufun-bil-ibaad. So before that Hard Day of Judgment, Allah informed us all about the horrible punishment so that we, the servants may try to obey Allah’s Commands and thus protect ourselves from Hell.

Surah Al-Tawbah (At-Tawbah) verse 117:

[9:117] Surely Allah has relented towards the Prophet, and towards the Muhajirun (Emigrants) and the Ansar (Helpers) who stood by him in the hour of hardship,115 although the hearts of a party of them had well-nigh swerved.116 (But when they gave up swerving from the Right Course and followed the Prophet), Allah relented towards them.117 Surely to them He is the Most Tender, the Most Merciful.
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Exp. note 115, 116 and 117:

115. Allah forgave the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his companions for those inadvertent lapses that had been made in connection with the Tabuk expedition, in view of their excellent services. The inadvertent lapse made by the Prophet (peace be upon him) was that he had given leave to stay behind to those people who were able to take part in the battle. (Ayat 43).

116. This refers to those sincere companions who were at first somewhat unwilling to go to war on that critical occasion, but at last overcame their weakness, for they had true faith in their hearts and loved the right way.

117. That is, Allah will not take them to account for their wrong inclinations for He does not punish a man for that weakness which he himself has overcome and corrected.
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Surah Al-Nahl (An-Nahl) verses 4—7:

(16:4) He created man out of a mere drop of fluid, and lo! he turned into an open wrangler.7

Another translation of the same verse is:

(16:4). He has created man from a sperm-drop; and behold this same (man) becomes an open disputer!

(16:5) He created the cattle. They are a source of clothing and food and also a variety of other benefits for you.

(16:6) And you find beauty in them as you drive them to pasture in the morning and as you drive them back home in the evening;

(16:7) and they carry your loads to many a place which you would be unable to reach without much hardship. Surely your Lord is Intensely Loving, Most Merciful.
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All of these verses of the surah Al-Nahl (the translation mentioned above) describe the blessings of Allah on mankind who is usually a disputer. Only count the blessings of Allah in the animals that Allah created for our benefits and comfort. Surely Allah is your Lord Ar-Ra’uuf-ur-Raheem!!!

Allah has also given us the blessings in the present era, those blessings which are the sources of transport from place to place like cars, buses trains, ships and air planes etc. So we must be very thankful and obedient to our Kind and Rauuf Lord. Allaho Akbar, wa lillahil hamd.

Some of the other verses with this beautiful Name of Allah Azza wa Jall are:
(Their English translation only)

Surah Al-Nahl (An-Nahl) verses 45—47:

(16:45) Do those who have been devising evil plans (against the mission of the Messenger) feel secure that Allah will not cause the earth to swallow them up or that chastisement will not come upon them from a direction that they will not even be able to imagine;

(16:46) or that He will not suddenly seize them while they are going about to and fro and they will be unable to frustrate His design,

(16:47) or that He will not seize them when they are apprehensive of the impending calamity? Surely your Lord is Most Compassionate, Most Merciful.
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Inspite of the fact that mankind is mostly disobedient and thankless to the Lord Allah Ta’aala and fights against Allah’s Messenger salla Allaho Alaihi wa sallam, but Allah All-Mighty doesn’t catch them at once! Rather Allah gives them long time to think, understand and repent to the very Kind and Unique Lord (Allah). Also gives them all blessings to enjoy. (But mankind must remember that Allah has appointed a Day in the Here-After to pass judgment, therefore they should not consider themselves absolutely free of responsibility. They must fear the Judgment Day).

Surah Al-Hajj verse 65:

(22:65) Have you not seen how Allah has subjected to you all that is in the earth, and the vessels that sail in the sea by His command,113 and it is He Who holds back the sky that it may not fall on earth except by His leave? Surely Allah is Most Gentle, Ever Compassionate to people.
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This verse 65 of surah al-Hajj is very clear to understand. So Allah is Ra’uuf-ur Raheem for all mankind!!!

Surah Al-Noor (An-Noor) 20:

20. And had it not been for the Grace of Allah and His Mercy on you, (Allah would have hastened the punishment upon you). And that Allah is full of kindness, Most Merciful.
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This verse 20 of the surah Al-Noor is in the context of those verses which were sent down to declare the piety of Aa’ishah radiyallaho anha. That means the false accusation on her might have caused the coming of wrath of Allah on the accusers but due to the Ra’uuf and Raheem qualities of Allah Azza wa Jall the punishment (Wrath) was not hastened. (But you must know that all of the accusers were punished with 80 lashes each in front of the people, according to the Law that was sent down in the beginning of the surah Al-Noor).

Surah Al-Hadeed 9:

(57:9) He it is Who sends down Clear Signs to His servant so as to bring you out from darkness into light. Surely Allah is Most Kind and Most Compassionate to you.
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Sending down the Holy Quraan through HIS Messenger Muhammad salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam to take mankind out of the darkness of kufar (unbelief) into the Light of Islam is the greatest of the blessings because it protects us from the ever-lasting burning in Hell!!!

Surah Al-Hashar 10:

(59:10) (And it also belongs to) those who came after them,20 and who pray: “Lord, forgive us and our brethren who have preceded us in faith, and do not put in our hearts any rancor towards those who believe. Lord, You are the Most Tender, the Most Compassionate.”21
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Exp. note 21:

21. In this verse although the real object is only to point out that in faith not only the people of the present generation but the Muslims of the later periods and their future generations also have a share, yet, besides, the Muslims have also been taught an important moral lesson that they should never have any malice against other Muslims in their hearts, and they should continue to pray for the forgiveness of the Muslims who have gone before them instead of cursing and abusing them. The bond that binds the Muslims together is that of a common faith. If a person values his faith as the most important thing in his heart, inevitably he would be a well-wisher of all those people who are his brethren-in faith. He can have ill-will and malice and hatred towards them in his heart only when the value of the faith decreases in his sight and he starts valuing other things more. Therefore, it is the requirement of faith that a believer’s heart should be free from every trace of malice and hatred against the other believers. In this matter the best lesson is given by a Hadith which Nasai has related from Anas. According to him, once it so happened that for three days continuously the Prophet (peace be upon him) declared in his assembly that a person was going to appear before them who belonged to the dwellers of Paradise, and every time it would be a certain person from among the Ansar. At this Abdullah bin Amr bin Aas became curious as to what deeds the person concerned performed on the basis of which the Prophet (peace be upon him) had repeatedly given the good news of his admission to Paradise. Thus, he made an excuse and spent three consecutive nights in his house to see how he performed his worship, but during the night he did not see anything unusual. At last, he asked him directly as to what special acts and devotions he performed on the basis of which the Prophet (peace be upon him) had given the great good news about him. He replied: You have seen how I perform my worship, but there is one thing which might have carved me this reward: I do not harbor any malice or evil design against any Muslim, nor feel jealous of him on account of any good that Allah might have bestowed on him.
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العفو

Al-‘Afuww (The Forgiver, Pardoner)

Allah Azza wa Jall said in the Holy Quran (Only English translation is given here):

Surah Al-Hajj 60:

60. That (is so). And if one has retaliated to no greater extent than the injury he received, and is again set upon inordinately, Allah will help him: for Allah is One that blots out (sins) and forgives (again and again).
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Surah Al-Nisaa (An-Nisaa) verse 43:
43. O you who believe! Approach not As-Salat (the prayer) when you are in a drunken state until you know (the meaning) of what you utter, nor when you are in a state of Janaba, (i.e. in a state of sexual impurity and have not yet taken a bath) except when travelling on the road (without enough water, or just passing through a mosque), till you wash your whole body. And if you are ill, or on a journey, or one of you comes from place of relieving himself, or you have been in contact with women (by sexual relations) and you find no water, perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands (Tayammum). Truly, Allah is Ever Oft-Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving.

Surah Al-Nisaa (An-Nisaa) verse 99:

99. For these, there is hope that Allah will forgive: For Allah doth blot out (sins) and forgive again and again.

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To understand the meaning of the verse 99 of Surah An-Nisaa you should also read the meaning of the verses 97 and 98.

Surah Al-Mujaadilah verse 2:


2. Those among you who make their wives unlawful (Az-Zihar) to them by saying to them “You are like my mother’s back.” They cannot be their mothers. None can be their mothers except those who gave them birth. And verily, they utter an ill word and a lie. And verily, Allah is Oft-Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving.
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The meaning of Al-‘Afuww is that Allah Azza wa Jall has this quality due to which Allah Azza wa Jall not only forgives but also wipes out sins of people. An Example is given to understand the meaning. Suppose a criminal applied for forgiveness and he was forgiven by the court but his bad record existed with the result that he would face difficulties in finding job etc. Then he requested the court to make his record clean. The court accepted the request and omitted his crime so that even the traces of his bad record are erased. So the Attribute Al-Ghafoor forgives the sins but Al-‘Afuww even omits the sins. Al-Hamdulillah!!! In the above mentioned verses the two Attributes i.e. Al-Ghafoor and Al-‘Afuww are coming together. We must thank Allah Azza wa Jall for HIS great Mercy on us. But we must try to protect ourselves from sins and must do lots of Astaghfaar. A person shouldn’t commit sins with the hope that Allah will forgive him, remember that Allah knows our intentions. It may be that such a one may not get chance to say astaghfirullah and may suddenly pass away. So we all must fear Allah azza wa Jall and keep away from sins. Again we must remember that Allah Almighty’s Justice is very pure. A person is not allowed to attack the rights or honor or property of another person. If one does, then he will not be forgiven by saying astaghfirullah. He has to return the rights of the victim or if the victim forgives him then Allah Azza wa Jall will forgive him.

Allah Ta’aala said in surah Hood (Hud) verse 114:


114. Establish worship at the two ends of the day and in some watches of the night. Lo! good deeds annul ill-deeds. This is reminder for the mindful.

Another translation of the same verse 114 of the surah Hud is here for your understanding.


114. And perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), at the two ends of the day and in some hours of the night [i.e. the five compulsory Salat (prayers)]. Verily, the good deeds remove the evil deeds (i.e. small sins). That is a reminder (an advice) for the mindful (those who accept advice).
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According to the above verse good deeds omit sins. Also a hadeeth reported by Ahmad, At-Tirmidhee and Al-Haakim says: “ Do a good deed after a sin, it will omit the sin.” In Arabic it is: “وأتبع السيئة الحسنة تمحها”

*************************************************************************Aa-ishah rAa was advised to pray /ask du’aa in the nights of Al-Qadar as: “ Allahumma innaka ‘Afuwwun tuhibbul ‘afwa, fa’afu-‘annee ya kareem”.
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For more information, please read the Names Al-Ghaffaar and Al-Ghafoor.

المنتقم

Al-Muntaqim:

The One Who takes revenge. Allah is the Avenger, the Lord of Retribution!!! Allah said in surah Aali-Imraan verses 3 and 4

(its English translation is):

3. He has sent down upon you, [O Muhammad], the Book in truth, confirming what was before it. And He revealed the Torah and the Gospel.

4. Then those who reject Faith in the Signs of Allah will suffer the severest penalty, and Allah is Exalted in Might, Lord of Retribution.

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And Allah said in surah Al-Dukhaan (Ad-Dukhaan) verse 16 (Its English translation is):

16. The Day We will strike with the greatest assault, indeed, We will take retribution.
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Although Allah Azza wa Jall is the Forgiving and Forbearing but the transgressive arrogant shouldn’t think that they can take advantage of these Attributes of Allah. They must also remember that Allah is the Lord of Retribution too. Usually, the oppressed Muslims become hasty and start wishing that Allah’s Punishment should catch the oppressors. But the Muslims note that they have to be extremely patient because it is up to Allah whether Allah All-Mighty punishes in this world or not and if yes then when will Allah catch the oppressors? All this authority lies with Allah and while wishing the punishment for others, we must pray for our own safety as Allah said in the surah Al-Ma’idah verse 95:


(5:95) Believers! Do not kill game while you are in the state of pilgrim sanctity.110 Whoever of you kills it willfully there shall be a recompense, the like of what he has killed in cattle – as shall be judged by two men of equity among you – to be brought to the Ka’bah as an offering, or as an expiation the feeding of the needy, or its equivalent in fasting111 in order that he may taste the grievousness of his deed. Allah has pardoned whatever has passed; but Allah will exact a penalty from him who repeats it. Allah is All-Mighty. He is fully capable of exacting penalties.
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Exp. Note 110:

110. When a person is in the state of pilgrim sanctity (ihram) it is prohibited for him both to hunt and to assist in hunting animals. Indeed, even if an animal has been hunted for him by someone else he may not eat it. However, if someone hunts an animal for himself and makes a gift of it to such a person, there is no harm in his eating it. There is an exception to this injunction and that is with regard to harmful animals. Snakes, scorpions, mad dogs and other such animals which cause injury to man may be killed even by one in the state of ihram. (See Bukhari, ‘Talaq’, 24; ‘Sayd’, 2; Abu Da’ud, ‘Manasik’, 40, 41; Tirmidhi, ‘Hajj’, 27; ‘Sayd’, 26 – Ed.)

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So we must pray for ourselves and for others, for an oppressor we must pray to Allah to guide him on the right path. But we shouldn’t become hopeless of Allah’s Justice. The real place for Allah’s Justice is the Here-After. There Allah shall judge every oppressor and punish him while Allah shall reward the oppressed one as Allah said in the surah Ibraheem verse 42 :

(Translation only)
42. And never think that Allah is unaware of what the wrongdoers do. He only delays them for a Day when eyes will stare [in horror].s
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The translation of the above verse ( i.e surah Ibraheem verse 42) is very clear. Allah Azza wa Jall gives them more and more time to think, reflect and repent from his unjust actions. In case he/she is heedless then they shall suffer much more severe punishment. May Allah protect us. May Allah make us just and kind to people and make us from those who do tawbah (repent) to Allah again and again, aameen. May Allah make us the dwellers of Paradise, aameen. Truly, that shall be a great success.

Allah is the Lord of Retribution

It is important to give some examples of the Retribution of Allah Azza wa Jall for the explanation of this Attribute of Allah. This is true that the Here-After is the place for passing judgment and exacting Retribution. But it doesn’t mean that in this world the transgressors are left free to make corruption as much as they want. In the past many nations were killed when their transgression crossed the limits. The Holy Quraan is full of the stories of such arrogant, disobedient nations. Here are some examples of the past and present times.


The nation of Sabt:

For the nation of Musa alaihi salaam Saturday was a holiday like Jumah (Friday) is for us. They were ordered to worship Allah on that day and were especially prohibited from fishing. One tribe of that ummah would not stop from fishing on Saturday. So Allah All-Mighty changed them into apes!!! The verses 65 and 66 of the surah Al-Baqarah shortly mention the Retribution. Here is the English translation of Al-Baqarah 65—66:

65. And indeed you knew those amongst you who transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath (i.e. Saturday). We said to them: “Be you monkeys, despised and rejected.”

66. And We made it an example to their own and to succeeding generations, and an admonition to the Allah-fearing.
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For more detail you can see surah Al-A’raaf verses 163—-16

The homosexual nation of the prophet Lut (Loot) alaihi salaam: 

The prophet Loot alaihi salaam was sent to preach to that nation. Finally they were killed by stony wrath. You can see the story of that nation in the surah Hood (Hud), surah Al-A’raaf, surah Ash-Shu’araa and others.

That stony wrath was for Retribution from the homosexuals of the past. 
At the present time there are many homo-gays parties in many nations. Allah Azza wa jall said in the surah Hud (Hood) verse 82—83:

82. When Our Decree issued, We turned (the cities) upside down, and rained down on them brimstones hard as baked clay, spread, layer on layer,-

83. Marked with fire in the providence of thy Lord (for the destruction of the wicked). And they are never far from the wrong-doers.
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So in the verse 83 there is a terrible warning to the homosexual/gays of the present time. This warning also came in the Hadeeth of the Final Prophet Muhammad (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) as He informed us that stony wrath will come on the homosexuals. In another Hadeeth I read that the skulls of the homosexuals will be broken with the iron-stones that will come from the stars. (Allah knows best).
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The meteor shower of the present time is also a warning of the stony wrath. When Allah Almighty wants, HE will bring down the stones on the criminals. So all of the mankind must fear Allah, stop from the sins and seek the refuge of Allah from HIS Retribution!!! Everyone must know that the killing and destruction by Allah’s wrath in this world doesn’t mean the end. Rather it means the everlasting severe punishment for the criminals in the Here-After too.

Sinking of Qaaroon in the earth:

He was from the cousins /relatives of Musa alaihi salaam but was on the side of Pharaoh. He (Qaaroon) was very rich and didn’t pay the obligatory charity. He also used to give hard time to Musa alaihi salaam. So Allah caught him and made him sink alive into the earth.

In the present era many incidents of sinking in the earth happened!!! In America one man sank in the earth along with his TV set. Even more sinking will happen according to Hadeeth Shareef and sinking at three places is from the Major signs of the Day of Resurrection.


Fir’on (Pharaoh) drowned in the sea/ocean along with his chiefs and army and their bodies are preserved in the Pyramids of Egypt to warn the Pharaoh- like chiefs at all times to come!!!
We must do a lot of astaghfar and pray to Allah to protect us from Allah’s Anger which may come any time.

The Prophet Muhammad (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) has informed us about the wraths of Khasaf (sinking in the earth), Masakh (changing into apes and pigs), Qadhaf (Killer wrath of stones) and many other signs that will appear like a neckless of beads breaks and then the beads fall down and cannot be controlled. So many wraths of Allah will come and no one will be able to control them!!! Now the world is full of killing of the innocent people. There are extensive injustices.
May Allah protect us at this time when fitan (tribulations) have increased a lot and Allah’s Retribution /Wrath may come at any place/time/person!!!

المنعم

Al-Mun’im:

Only Allah Azza wa Jall is the Giver of blessings. Allah Almighty said in the surah Al-Nahl (An-Nahl) verses 53 and 18

(English translation):
53. And whatever of blessings and good things you have, it is from Allah. Then, when harm touches you, unto Him you cry aloud for help.

18. And if you would count the blessing of Allah, never could you be able to count them. Truly! Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

We must always pray to Allah to protect us from the cessation of the blessings ( Zawaali-ni’mah). We cannot count the blessings of Allah so we must be very thankful to Allah for HIS Blessings.

According to a Hadeeth Shareef, narrated by Jaabir Bin Abdullah (radi-yallaho anhu) the Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) visited him and he (Jaabir rAa) presented to Him fresh dates and cool water. The Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) said “These are from those blessings about which you will be questioned”.

(Musnad Ahmad, Nisaa-ee, Ibn- Jareer and many others)

So it is clear from many ahaadeeth that it is not only the unbelievers who shall be questioned about the blessings but also Muslims. The difference is that if a Muslim had realized in this world that the blessings with him were from Allah azza wa Jall and if he tried to pay thanks to Allah with his heart, tongue and actions then he will succeed in the accounting otherwise he/she will fail!!!

Paying thanks by actions means that we must give a poor, needy and a way farer his right. The numerous blessings that every person is enjoying are of different types. Some are given to mankind directly like eyes to see with, ears to hear with, tongue to speak with, hands to work with and feet/legs to walk with. We must consider these blessings of Allah as Allah ‘s trust and we must use them according to Allah’s Will and Commands. For e.g. we shouldn’t use our eyes to look at immoral scenes, we shouldn’t listen to music, back biting etc. We should use our tongue only for saying proper words and for the praises and remembrance of Allah. We should use our legs and feet to go for doing lawful things and also for going to Masjid but not for going to a cinema. We must do good things with our hands like lawful work to earn our sustenance. But we shouldn’t use our hands for unjust actions.

Another type of blessings are given to us by our struggle. These blessings must be earned in the lawful way and also must be used and spent in the lawful way.

التواب

Al-Tawwaab Pronounced as At-Tawwaab

(The Ever-Pardoning, Ever Relenting)

It means The Oft-Returning, The Guide to repentance, and the Accepter of repentance. The word is related to the word “tawbah” which means repentance. When a person repents to Allah, he (the person) seeks Allah’s forgiveness and turns back from his sins to the obedience of Allah. Allah is At-Tawwaab in the sense that Allah will turn with Mercy to the sinner servant and will make him (guide him to) do tawbah from his sins. The following verse points to this meaning of the Attribute:
Surah Al-Tawbah (At-Tawbah) verse 118 (English translation only);

[9:118] And He also relented towards the three whose cases had been deferred.118 When the earth, in spite of all its spaciousness, became constrained to them, and their own beings became a burden to them, and they realized that there was no refuge for them from Allah except in Him; He relented towards them that they may turn back to Him. Surely, it is Allah Who is the Accepting of repentance, the Ever Merciful.119
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(This verse of the surah Al-Tawbah was revealed concerning three of the true believers who stayed behind, without just cause, from going to the Battle of Tabuk. So Allah Azza wa Jall ordered the Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) and His Companions rAa not to have any social relations with them. When they reached a state of utter despair, Allah Azza wa Jall revealed this verse and the companions ran to them in pleasure, saying congratulation to them because Allah Azza wa Jall had accepted their repentance. You can read their story in the exp. notes of this verse at tafheem.net)

When the servant seeks Allah’s Forgiveness by making tawbah then Allah turns to him with Mercy to forgive him.

This Attribute of Allah came in many verses of the Holy Quraan. For e.g. Allah said in the verse 37 of surah Al-Baqarah (its English translation is ):

37. Then learnt Adam from his Lord words of inspiration, and his Lord Turned towards him; for He is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.
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Another translation of the same verse is:

(2:37) Thereupon Adam learned from his Lord some words and repented51 and his Lord accepted his repentance for He is Much-Relenting, Most Compassionate.52
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Exp. notes 51—52:

51. This means that when Adam became conscious of his act of sin and wanted to return from his state of disobedience to that of obedience, and when he tried to seek remission for his sin from God, he was unable to find the words to use in his prayer to God. In His Mercy God taught him the words with which he could pray.

The word tawbah basically denotes ‘to come back, to turn towards someone’. Tawbah, on the part of man, signifies that he has given up his attitude of disobedience and has returned to submission and obedience to God. The same word used in respect of God means that He has mercifully turned towards His repentant servant so that the latter has once more become an object of His compassionate attention.

52. The Qur’an refutes the doctrine that certain consequences necessarily follow from sins and that man must in all cases bear them. In fact this is one of the most misleading doctrines to have been invented by human imagination. If it were true it would mean that a sinner would never have the opportunity to have his repentance accepted. It is a mechanistic view of reward and punishment and thus prevents and discourages the sinner from trying to improve.

The Qur’an, on the contrary, tells man that reward for good actions and punishment for bad ones rests entirely with God. The reward that one receives for good acts is not the natural consequence of those acts; it is rather due to the grace and benevolence of God and it is entirely up to Him to reward one or not. Likewise, punishment for evil deeds is not a natural and unalterable consequence of man’s acts. God has full authority to punish man for his sin as well as to pardon him.

God’s grace and mercy, however, are interrelated with His wisdom. Since He is wise, He does not use His power arbitrarily. Hence, whenever God rewards a man for his good acts, He does so because the good was done with purity of intention and for the sake of pleasing God. And if God refuses to accept an act of apparent goodness, He does so because that act had merely the form or appearance of goodness, and was not motivated by the desire to please God.

In the same way God punishes man for those sins which he commits with rebellious boldness, and which stimulates his appetite for more rather than lead him to repentance. Similarly, in His mercy God pardons those sins which are followed by genuine repentance and readiness on the part of the sinner to reform himself. There is no need for the criminal to despair of God’s grace and mercy, no matter how great a criminal he is. Nor is there any reason for even the most rabid disbeliever to despair, provided he recognizes his error, repents of his disobedience and is ready to replace his former disobedience with obedience.

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Allah Azza wa Jall said in surah Al-Shura (Ash-Shurah) verse 25 (its English translation is):

25. He is the One that accepts repentance from His Servants and forgives sins: and He knows all that ye do.
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Thus when we repent to Allah and say astaghfaar Allah Azza wa Jall accepts our tawbah and astaghfaar.

About the Al-Tawwaab (At-Tawwaab) Attribute here is a hadeeth Al-Qudsee:

 قال الله عزوجل : يا ابن آدم ، إنك ما دعوتني ورجوتني غفرت لك ما كان منك ولا أبالي ، يا ابن آدم ، لو بلغت ذنوبك عنان السماء ، ثم استغفرتني غفرت لك ، يا ابن آدم ، إنك لو أتيتني بقراب الأرض خطايا ، ثم لقيتني لا تشرك بي شيئا ، لأتيتك بقرابها مغفرة

 رواه الترمذي وقال : حديث حسن صحيح .

Translation:

Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Allah, the Exalted, has said: ‘O son of adam, I forgive you as long as you pray to Me and hope for My forgiveness, whatever sins you have committed. O son of ‘Adam, I do not care if your sins reach the height of the heaven, then you ask for my forgiveness, I would forgive you. O son of ‘Adam, if you come to Me with an earth load of sins, and meet Me associating nothing to Me, I would match it with an earth-load of forgiveness.”‘

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Due to this Attribute At-Tawwaab, Allah will forgive the sins of a servant when he repents to Allah and prays for Maghfirah (forgiveness) by saying Astaghfaar, or Astaghfirullah, or Astaghfirullahil-Azeem laa ilaaha illa huwa Al-Hayyul-Qayyoom wa atoobu ilayhi.

We must say these words for repentance frequently because in every day there are special times when du’aa is accepted.

We must say these words at early morning when 2/3rd of the night has passed because at that time Allah Azza wa Jall comes to the worldly heaven to accept the du’aa and tawbah of those who request Allah at that time.

We must remember a few important points about tawbah. These are:

1. If a Muslim has hurt someone then his mere words of tawbah will not be accepted until he/she is forgiven by that someone.

2. If a Muslim has deprived someone of his right or has unlawfully taken the wealth or property of someone, his tawbah will not be accepted until he pays back someone’s right / wealth /property or when that someone forgives him.

3. If that someone whose backbiting was done has passed away, then the sinner must do some virtues /good deeds etc. and pray to Allah to send the reward to that person if he was a Muslim. He can return his wealth or property to his children.

4. The gate of tawbah remains open until a person has not seen the angel of death.

5. Also the gate of tawbah will close, in general, to all people after the sun rises from the west. If a person has not repented from his sins until that time (rising of the sun from the west) or if he/she remains unbeliever until that time, then his/ her tawbah or faith will not be accepted.

6. So we must always do tawbah and astaghfirullah and should never be hopeless of the mercy of Allah Azza wa Jall. We must always be careful about the feelings, honor, rights, and property of others. We must try to protect ourselves from gheebah and nameemah (i.e. backbiting etc.).

البر

  • Al-Barr (The Doer of Virtue and The Source of Piety)

This Attribute of Allah came in the verse 28 of Al-Toor (At-Tur). Its English translation is:


  1. “Verily, We used to invoke Him (Alone and none else) before. Verily, He is Al-Barr (the Most Subtle, Kind, Courteous, and Generous), the Most Merciful.”
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    This will be the saying of the people in Paradise. To understand the above verse you should read the verses from 17 to 27 before it.
    The Name Al-Barr has very vast meaning which indicate the Excellent virtues of Allah Azza wa Jall to us, the servants. So Allah Ta’aala bestows a lot of blessings on the servants. Allah is the Mawla of blessings, providing vastly forever even without the asking of the servants. There is no limit of the Kindness and generosity of Allah Azza wa Jall.

    Allah’s virtues to HIS servants are of two types:

    1. General, 2. Special.


    1. General Virtues:

    These are for all of the mankind in common. Allah Azza wa Jall said in surah Al-Israa (surah Bani-Israa-eel) verse 70:


    70. We have honoured the children of Adam; provided them with transport on land and sea; given them for sustenance things good and pure; and conferred on them special favours, above a great part of our creation.
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Another translation of the same verse along with its explanation is given below:


(17:70) Indeed, We honoured the progeny of Adam, and bore them across land and sea and provided them with good things for their sustenance, and exalted them above many of Our creatures.85
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Exp. note 85:

85. That is, it is an obvious fact that the superiority man enjoys over all other beings on the earth and all that is in it, has not been bestowed upon him by a jinn or an angel or a prophet. Most surely that is Allah’s blessing and favor. Is it not then the height of folly and ignorance that after having achieved such a high rank, man should bow down before any creature of Allah instead of Him?

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And this honor given to mankind is in the beauty of his/her shape, body, clean and pious moral sense, and his/her ability to see, hear and think. He/she stands and walks upright on his/her legs and feet and eats with hand while animals eat with their mouth and walk on four limbs.

Allah has given numerous blessing to all man-kind in the form of different kind of foods as vegetables, fruits, meats etc. There are other numerous blessings as Allah Azza wa Jall said:

Wa in ta-uddu naimat-Allahi laa tuhsooha (If you start to count the blessing of Allah, you will not be able to count them).

2. Special virtues:
Allah gives guidance of HIS Deen Islam, and the ability to follow this Deen to whomever Allah wills and then gives success to the obedient servants here and in the Hereafter. So there are three places of the success of the obedient servants, those are:

1. Here in this world,

2. In the grave (Aalami-Barzakh),

3. In the Hereafter in Paradise.

Allah Azza wa Jall said in surah Al-Infitaar 13:

13. Verily, the Abrar (pious and righteous) will be in delight (Paradise);
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So in the Hereafter Allah Azza wa Jall will give more reward for our good deeds. According to a hadeeth shareef, the reward of one good deed is ten times to 700 times, while for making a sin the punishment shall be equal to the sinful deed.

This is also due to the Al-Barr Attribute of Allah Azza wa Jall that Allah forgives the sins of a sinner when he /she repents to Allah. Allah said in the verse 53 of surah Al-Zumar (Az-Zumar):

53. Say, “O My servants who have transgressed against themselves [by sinning], do not despair of the Mercy of Allah. Indeed, Allah forgives all sins. Indeed, it is He who is the Forgiving, the Merciful.”
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Like the verse (mentioned above) there are many ahadeeth shareef which encourage us on repentance. (This is because Allah wants people get saved from the Hell-Fire). But in case a sinner becomes proud and insists on making sins, particularly the sin of polytheism, then Allah’s punishments are also unique and everlasting. So we must stay humble before our Kind Lord Allah Azza wa Jall).

There is a Hadeeth Shareef in Muslim from Anas Bin Maalik rAa. He says:

((The Messenger of Allah said: “When a servant of Allah repents to Allah from his sins the Pleasure of Allah on his repentance is more than the one of you who was riding his camel in a desert when his camel disappeared (lost) from him. His food and drink (water) was on the camel. He couldn’t find it and became hopeless. Then he came to a tree and lay down in its shade hopeless from his camel. Meanwhile he saw his camel standing near him —-. The pleasure that he experienced, Allah’s Pleasure on the repentance of someone of you is more than his pleasure.”))      (Muslim)

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We must also know that Allah Al-Barr wants us to do birr (good, kindness, virtues) to others. So our hearts will be made closer to Allah as much as we do good deeds. Allah loves virtuous deeds. The following verse gives a summary of the virtuous deeds that we are ordered to do.

Surah Al-Baqarah verse 177:


(2:177) Righteousness does not consist in turning your faces towards the east or towards the west;175 true righteousness consists in believing in Allah and the Last Day, the angels, the Book and the Prophets, and in giving away one’s wealth in love of Him to one’s kinsmen, the orphans, the poor and the wayfarer, and to those who ask for help, and in freeing the necks of slaves, and in establishing Prayer and dispensing the Zakah. True righteousness is attained by those who are faithful to their promise once they have made it and by those who remain steadfast in adversity and affliction and at the time of battle (between Truth and falsehood). Such are the truthful ones; such are the God-fearing.
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Exp. note 175:

175. Turning one’s face towards the east or the west is mentioned here only by way of illustration. The actual purpose of the verse is to emphasize that the observance of certain outward religious rites, the performance of certain formal religious acts out of conformism, and the manifestation of certain familiar forms of piety do not constitute that essential righteousness which alone carries weight with God and earns His recognition and approval.

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