مالك الملك

Maalik-al-Mulk (The Owner of Dominion)

Allah Ta’ala said in surah Aali-Imraan verses 26—27 (their English translation is):


(3:26) Say: ‘O Allah, Lord of all dominion! You give dominion to whom You will, and take away dominion from whom You will, and You exalt whom You will, and abase whom You will. In Your Hand is all good. Surely You are All-Power-ful.


(3:27) You cause the night to pass into the day and the day to pass into the night. You bring forth the living out of the dead, and You bring the dead out of the living, and You give sustenance to whom You will beyond all reckoning.’24
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Regarding the Al-Mulk there are two names of Allah Azza wa Jall i.e. Al-Malik and Maalik-al-Mulk. You should read the Attribute Al-Malik to understand important points about these Attributes. Here are some dictionary meanings of these words for more understanding:

Malik — )In the Arabic word there is only fat’ha on the meem and no alif after meem like مَلِك ). This means the king, monarch.

Mulk— (hokum—sultah). It means reign, rule, power, authority, dominion, sovereignty.

Again:

Mulk /milk. It means property, possession (s), estate, domain.

Maalik— (In the Arabic word there is fat’ha on the meem and also the meem is followed by alif like مَالكit means owner, possesser, holder.

Here the post has the attribute “Maalik-al-Mulk” which according to dictionary, means The Owner of the Dominion. Allah Ta’aala is the Owner of the whole universe. Allah Azza wa Jall is the Owner of all and every thing which (according to our knowledge) includes the whole universe, and all of the creations /creatures as well as the rule and the Commands. Allah Ta’aala is also the Owner of the Here-after. Beyond our knowledge, Allah knows best about HIS other creations. The translation of a few verses which mention the absolute Ownership of Allah, is in the following:

Surah Aali-Imraan verse 189:

189. And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and Allah has power over all things.

Surah Ghaafir 16:

16. The Day when they will (all) come out, nothing of them will be hidden from Allah. Whose is the kingdom this Day? (Allah Himself will reply to His Question): It is Allah’s the One, the Irresistible!
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This verse 16 is about the Here-after. In this world Allah has given kingdoms to different people who act as rulers/kings/Ministers etc. to test them how do they use the power given to them. They play their role and go /pass away! But on that Day (The Day of Judgment) Allah Azza wa Jall will not give any authority to any one because this world is for test and that world is for the result to come out and all shall be recompensed according to their books of deeds.

Surah Al-Furqaan 26:

26. The Sovereignty on that day will be the True (Sovereignty) belonging to the Beneficent One, and it will be a hard day for disbelievers.
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This verse 26 of the surah Al-Furqaan is also about the Judgment Day in the Here-after. The meaning is very clear and understandable. Allah has very clearly informed mankind and Jinn that the Day of Judgment (Day of Accounting and Recompense) shall be very hard on the unbelievers! Allah also said in surah Al-Muddaththir verse 10: على الكافرين غير يسير (“Far from easy for the disbelievers”). That means that the Day of Accounting will not /and never become easy on the unbelievers. This life up to 30 to 60 years is sufficient for a person to choose sincerely for him /her self the Right Path so that he /she don’t cry and regret in the Here-after!

Surah Al-Zukhruf (Az-Zukhruf) 85:

85. And blessed is He to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them and with whom is knowledge of the Hour and to whom you will be returned.
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As Mulk (the whole universe) belongs to Allah, so Allah’s Commands must be obeyed by all of Allah’s servants among mankind and Jinn. Allah also reminded us the Hour (Resurrection) and that we are all returning to HIM for the result of our tests. The Accounting of every person shall be based on his/her book of deeds.

Surah Al-Zumar (Az-Zumar) verse 6:

6. He created you (all) from a single person (Adam); then made from him his wife [Hawwa’ (Eve)]. And He has sent down for you of cattle eight pairs (of the sheep, two, male and female; of the goats, two, male and female; of the oxen, two, male and female; and of the camels, two, male and female). He creates you in the wombs of your mothers, creation after creation in three veils of darkness, such is Allah your Lord. His is the kingdom, La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). How then are you turned away?


Surah Faatir verses 13—14:

13. He merges the night into the day (i.e. the decrease in the hours of the night are added to the hours of the day), and He merges the day into the night (i.e. the decrease in the hours of the day are added to the hours of the night). And He has subjected the sun and the moon (to His Law), each runs its course for a term appointed. Such is Allah your Lord; His is the kingdom. And those, whom you invoke or call upon instead of Him, own not even a Qitmir (the thin membrane over the datestone).

14. If you invoke (or call upon) them, they hear not your call, and if (in case) they were to hear, they could not grant it (your request) to you. And on the Day of Resurrection, they will disown your worshipping them. And none can inform you (O Muhammad SAW) like Him Who is the All-Knower (of each and everything).

Al-Maa’idah 76:

76. Say, “Do you worship besides Allah that which holds for you no [power of] harm or benefit while it is Allah who is the Hearing, the Knowing?”
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Those people who worship false deities must understand that their false deities own no power. Nothing in the universe or in their own bodies is in their owner-ship. They cannot do anything to harm or benefit them. So the false deities have no right to be worshipped. Only Allah Ta’aala hears their /our prayers and provides them/and us everything. Allah Azza wa Jall is the Absolute Owner of their /our life and death as well as their / our loss and benefit all are with Allah. Therefore, Only Allah Ta’aala is the True deity so worship none but Allah Azza wa Jall.

Allah Ta’aala said in Surah Al-Mulk verses 1 and 2 (their English translation is):


1. Blessed is He in whose hand is dominion, and He has power over all things. 

2. [He] who created death and life to test you [as to] which of you is best in deed – and He is the Exalted in Might, the Forgiving –
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In these two verses of the surah Al-Mulk Allah clearly informed us that the Mulk i.e. the universe and everything in it is in Allah’s Hand. Allah gives the dominion to whomever Allah wants and that is only to test you o mankind. You see that Allah has created death for you. So you are going from here and Allah shall give you life again to recompense you.

The conclusion is that in this Attribute of Allah there is a great lesson for all kings, rulers and land lords. Think: how many kings, rulers and rich property-holders have passed away. The mulk/property remains here while the owners/rulers just pass away empty-handed BUT they send even before them a lengthy book of deeds to be accounted and recompensed in whatever they got just temporarily in this world. Then this is not wisdom to love these worldly gains and fight for them. Rather, you must believe that everything belongs to Allah Azza wa Jall and thus you must use it according to the Will, Pleasure and Commands of Allah the Greatest!

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