Month: September 2019

الكريم , الاكرم

Al-Kareem, —Al-Akram

(The Most Generous, The Most Bountiful)
The verses of the Holy Quraan which have these beautiful names are from the surah Al-Namal (An-Namal), Al-Infitaar, Al-Mo’minoon and Al-Alaq. The name “Al-Akram” comes in the verse 3 of the surah Al-Alaq. The English translation of these verses is:

Surah Al-Namal (An-Namal) 40:

40. One with whom was knowledge of the Scripture said: “I will bring it to you within the twinkling of an eye!” then when [Sulaiman (Solomon)] saw it placed before him, he said: “This is by the Grace of my Lord to test me whether I am grateful or ungrateful! And whoever is grateful, truly, his gratitude is for (the good of) his ownself, and whoever is ungrateful, (he is ungrateful only for the loss of his ownself). Certainly! My Lord is Rich (Free of all wants), Bountiful.”

Surah Al-Infitaar 6:

6. O mankind, what has deceived you concerning your Lord, the Generous,

Surah Al-Mo’minoon 116:

116. Therefore exalted is Allah, the King, the Reality: there is no god but He, the Lord of the Throne of Honour!

Surah Al-Alaq 3: “Iqra’ Wa Rabbukal Akram”


3. Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous,

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This name has vast meanings. Some of them are mentioned here.

1. Lots of good, benefits and blessings given by HIM to the slaves/servants.

2. Always bestowing HIS blessing on the servants.

3. Absolute Supremacy and Honor are for Allah alone.

4. Allah is High above any defect.

5. The ONE WHO gives blessings without any exchange for them i.e. HE (Allah) provides blessings to the servants and doesn’t take anything in exchange from them.

6. The ONE WHO provides even without cause. HE provides to those who need and also to those without need.

7. The ONE to WHOM reach small and big, all applications/supplications (du’aas) of the needies.

8. The ONE WHO doesn’t return a needy (with du’aa/application for help) empty handed.

9. The ONE WHO always fulfills HIS Promise.

All of the above are the great qualities of none except Allah! Allah is Ghanee and Kareem, (free from any need /want, and is very Kind) to the creation as we are all needy and depend upon Allah’s  Karam (Kindness and Generosity).

Allah also gave this quality of karam (honor and generosity) to the followings as mentioned in the Holy Quraan, (only the English translation of the verses is given).

a). To HIS BOOK.

Surah Al-Waqi’ah 77: “Innahoo laqur’aanun kareem”

77. This is indeed a Qur’an Most Honourable,

The other translation is:

77.Indeed, it is a noble Qur’an

b). To Allah’s Thrown.

Surah Al-Mo’minoon 116:

116. Therefore exalted is Allah, the King, the Reality: there is no god but He, the Lord of the Throne of Honour!

Another translation is:

116. So exalted is Allah, the Sovereign, the Truth; there is no deity except Him, Lord of the Noble Throne.

c). The Blessings and the Reward to the practicing believers is also honored:

Surah Al-Anfaal 4: “…… Lahum darajaatun inda Rabbihim wa maghfiratun wa rizqun kareem”

4. It is they who are the believers in truth. For them are grades of dignity with their Lord, and Forgiveness and a generous provision (Paradise).

d). Mud’khalan Kareema:

Surah Al-Nisaa ( An-Nisaa), 31:

31. If you avoid the great sins which you are forbidden to do, We shall remit from you your (small) sins, and admit you to a Noble Entrance (i.e. Paradise).

e). The beautiful scenes that Allah made in this world for testing us:

Sura Al-Shu’araa’ (Ash-Shu’araa’), 7:

7. Do they not look at the earth,- how many noble things of all kinds We have produced therein?

From this beautiful name of Allah we must take the following lessons:

1. We must be very thankful to Allah and must remember and praise HIM a lot. We must ask only Allah for our needs.

2. When we see HIS Karam (Kindness, Beauty and Generosity) directly or indirectly, in the beauty of the world, we must turn to Allah, praise HIM, worship Him and pay thanks to HIM.

3. We must be generous and kind to our relatives, neighbors, and friends, and to all around us.

الجليل

Al-Jaleel  (The Majestic, the Sublime)
Allah is so much Magnificent that we are bound to look for HIS Mercy. We Muslims must live between fear and hope. Our fear must be from Allah due to Allah’s Jalaal, Greatness, Power and Majesty and our hope must be due to Allah’s Mercy. The related name is Dho-Al-Jalaali wa Al-Ikraam. The name Jalaal is coming with Ikraam to give us hope of Allah’s Grace, Kindness and Mercy. But the Name Jalaal and Jaleel gives us fear due to Allah’s Greatness. Similarly, Allah’s name Al-Azeez comes with another name like Raheem, Hakeem (Azeezur-Raheem and Azeezul-Hakeem)to create a balance for us. This is because the name Al-Azeez indicates the Might of Allah, that Allah is All-Mighty which gives us fear of Allah. Then the Al-Raheem gives us hope of Allah’s Mercy so that we can live between the fear of Allah and the hope of Allah’s Mercy.

Allah said in surah al-Hijr verses 49—50 (their English translation is):

49.Declare (O Muhammad SAW) unto My slaves, that truly, I am the Oft-Forgiving,the Most-Merciful.
50. And that My Penalty is indeed the most grievous Penalty.
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So we, the servants and creation of Allah, Must fear His Jalaal and must pray and hope for Allah’s mercy and forgiveness. 

Also this name means that “Allahu yujillu awliyaa’ahoo wa yuazzimuhoo bena – ibaadihee”, i.e. Allah gives dignity and honor to those who support HIS cause and obey and follow HIS Commands. Allah will give them light on the Day when everyone shall be looking for light.


Read the translation of the verse 8 of surah Al-Tahreem (At-Tahreem):

  1. O ye who believe! Turn to Allah with sincere repentance: In the hope that your Lord will remove from you your ills and admit you to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow,- the Day that Allah will not permit to be humiliated the Prophet and those who believe with him. Their Light will run forward before them and by their right hands, while they say,”Our Lord! Perfect our Light for us, and grant us Forgiveness: for YOU have power over all things.”
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A believer must always adopt the attitude of fearing Allah and hoping HIS Mercy and should say the following du’aa:


“Allahumma innee a’oudhu biridaaka min sakhatika wabi-af’wika min aqoubatika wa a’oudhu bika minka, laa manjaata minka illa ilek.”


Its translation is:

Ya Allah, I seek refuge with your pleasure from your anger, and with your forgiveness from your punishment, and I seek refuge with you from you because there is no way (of escape) except (the way) to you.

الحسيب

Al-Haseeb:  This Beautiful name of Allah has the following meanings:

1. From hasaba= to count, Thus each and every action of every person is counted and recorded, nothing is hidden from Allah. Allah is Al-Haseeb, i.e. the ONE WHO is the Reckoner and will call all of us to account. Allah said in surah Al-Nisaa (An-Nisaa) verse 6, its English translation is:


6. And test orphans (as regards their intelligence) until they reach the age of marriage; if then you find sound judgement in them, release their property to them, but consume it not wastefully, and hastily fearing that they should grow up, and whoever amongst guardians is rich, he should take no wages, but if he is poor, let him have for himself what is just and reasonable (according to his work). And when you release their property to them, take witness in their presence; and Allah is All-Sufficient in taking account.
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Also Allah said in the verse 86 of the same surah An-Nisaa, the English translation is:

86.When you are greeted with a greeting, greet in return with what is better than it, or (at least) return it equally. Certainly, Allah is Ever a Careful Account Taker of all things.
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Hasab also means to be sufficient. Allah said in surah Al-Anfaal verse 64, its English translation is:

(8:64) O Prophet! Allah is sufficient for you and the believers who follow you. 
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We must fear the Day of Judgement and Accounting. Allah is the Most Merciful and the Forgiving, but in case we are unjust (may Allah protect us) then Allah is the Haseeb i.e is the Reckoner. So we must keep this point in mind and struggle hard to stay away from injustice to protect ourselves from the hard Accounting on that hard Day.

We can also use this beautiful name in the du’aa:

Hasbi-Yallah, and Hasbunallahu wa ni’mal Wakeel.

المقيت

Al-Muqeet  (The Nourisher, The Controller)

This beautiful name of Allah came in the verse 85 of surah Al-Nisaa (An-Nisaa). The English translation of the verse is:


85. Whosoever intercedes for a good cause will have the reward thereof, and whosoever intercedes for an evil cause will have a share in its burden. And Allah is Ever All-Able to do (and also an All-Witness to) everything.
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Allah provides to every one of HIS creation its strength, its sustenance and whatever it/he/she needs, and watches and controls them according to Allah’s wisdom and knowledge. Allah said in surah Hood verse 6, (its English translation is):


6. And there is no creature on earth but that upon Allah is its provision, and He knows its place of dwelling and place of storage. All is in a clear register.
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Thus Allah sends power to His creature and distributes provision to all of the big and small creatures.

For the creatures, Allah managed the power/strength and provision by providing and managing it in the earth during its creation as Allah said in surah Fussilat 10, its English translation is:

10. (41:10) (After creating the earth) He set up firm mountains on it, blessed it,11 and provided it with sustenance in proportion to the needs of all who seek (sustenance). 12 All this was done in four days.13
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Exp.note 11:

Blessings of the earth imply those measureless and countless things which have been continuously coming out of it since millions and millions of years, and are fulfilling the ever increasing needs and requirements of all the creatures from the microscopic germs to the highly civilized man. Among these the principal blessings are the air and the water by which alone vegetable, animal and then human life became possible on the earth.
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[This exp. note 11 and translation of this verse 10 of surah Fussilat is from Tafheemul-Quraan at tafheem.net (towards understanding Quraan. ) The other name of the surah Fussilat is Ha-Meem Al-Sajdah].

Thus Allah managed all of the necessities of the dwellers of the earth like land for cultivation, water, plants and crops; businesses and their profits and losses etc. in the very beginning.

There are also other meanings of Al-Muqeet as Ibn. Katheer said in the tafseer of the verse 85 of surah Al-Nisaa:

Ibn.Abbaas, Ataa, Atiyyah, Qatada and Matar Al-Waraaq said that Muqeeta means Hafeeza (Guardian). Mujaahid said that it means Haseeba (The One Who takes the account.)

Sa’eed Bin Jubair, Suddi and Ibn. Zaid said that it means Qadeera (The One Who has power over all things).

It is possible that “Al-Muqeet” gives all of the above meanings as Allah Almighty has complete knowledge about HIS servants /creature/ creation and also about their circumstances and knows whatever they need. So it is Allah who strengthens the bodies of the servants by food/provision and strengthens their hearts (whomever HE wants) with knowledge and faith.

الحفيظ

Al-Hafeez  (The Protecter, The Preserver, The Guardian)

Another related name is Al-Haafiz.

Some of the verses of the Holy Quraan which have this beautiful name of Allah are from surah Hood 57, Sabaa 21, Al-Anbiyaa 82. Their English translation is:

Surah Hood (Hud) 57:

57. But if they turn away, [say], “I have already conveyed that with which I was sent to you. My Lord will give succession to a people other than you, and you will not harm Him at all. Indeed my Lord is, over all things, Guardian.”

Surah Sabaa, 21:

21. And he (Iblis Satan) had no authority over them, except that We might test him, who believes in the Hereafter from him who is in doubt about it. And your Lord is a Hafiz over everything. (All Knower of everything i.e. He keeps record of each and every person as regards deeds, and then He will reward them accordingly).

Surah Al-Anbiyaa, 82:

82. And of the Shayatin (devils) (from the jinns) were some who dived for him, and did other work besides that; and it was We Who guarded them.
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Allah has the Quality of protecting everything that needs and deserves protection. This protection can be explained under two headings:

1. Allah preserves and remembers all of the information and knowledge about everything and being. In other words Allah does not forget anything. As Allah said in surah Maryam verse 64, the translation of the verse is:


64: [Jibriel said], “And we [angels] descend not except by the order of your Lord. To Him belongs that before us and that behind us and what is in between. And never is your Lord forgetful –
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Allah keeps the actions /deeds of all people protected from any loss. Allah appointed special angels called Kiraaman kaatibeen (the honorable writers) to make record of all good and bad actions and sayings/words of each and every person along with their intention behind the words/actions, and keeps all those records safe and protected from any change or loss. This protection of the actions/words recorded is to encompass the open and hidden actions of the slaves/servants. These books of deeds are kept safe in the Lohi Mahfooz for the Day of Accounting when everyone shall be rewarded or punished with justice according to everyone’s book of deeds.

2. Allah protects HIS creation from the heaven to the earth so that no harm happens to them as Allah said in surah Al-Baqarah, 255, the English translation is:

(2:255) Allah, the Ever-Living, the Self-Subsisting by Whom all subsist, there is no god but He.278 Neither slumber seizes Him, nor sleep;279 to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth.280 Who is there who might intercede with Him save with His leave?281 He knows what lies before them and what is hidden from them, whereas they cannot attain to anything of His knowledge save what He wills them to attain.282 His Dominion283 overspreads the heavens and the earth, and their upholding wearies Him not. He is All-High, All-Glorious.284

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[This Verse 2:255 is called Ayat-ul-Kursi.]

(The underlined portion of the verse means Allah is protecting all of HIS creation and is not tired due to all that work.)

Allah Almighty is holding up the heavens in high position and is protecting them from falling down on the earth. Allah said in surah Al-Hajj, 65 (the translation is):

65. See you not that Allah has made subservient unto you (mankind) all that is on the earth, and the ships that sail through the sea by His Command? He withholds the heaven from falling on the earth except by His Leave. Verily, Allah is, for mankind, full of Kindness, Most Merciful.
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Allah is protecting the Holy Quraan from changing as Allah said in surah al-Hijr, 9 (its English translation is):

9. Verily We: It is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Quran) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption).
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So no change was possible in the text of the Holy Quraan in the last more than 1441 years and shall not happen in future.

Also Allah protects His creation (human beings) This protection is, (a) common to Muslims and non-Muslims as well as to our food, water and air. There is too much to write but due to shortage of time, only a few examples:

Our tongue in between the rows of teeth, remains safe from the chewing of teeth!

Oxygen in the air is restored and preserved for our breathing every day by photosynthesis in the green leaves of trees. If this was not done, oxygen would finish and we all would be dead!!!

Stomach releases HCl (Hydro Chloric Acid) for the digestion of all food but the muscular wall of the stomach itself is safe from getting digested!!!

(b). Also there is special protection from Allah for Allah’s friends (awliyaa). Allah protects their faith and good actions as well as their physique, property and wealth. They try themselves and pray to Allah for protection. Allah praises them for their attempts and protects them here and in the hereafter.

We must always pray to Allah to protect our faith of Islam and our Islamic actions as well as to protect us from diseases, accidents and harmful animals etc. Also we must pray to Allah to protect our homes, property and lawful wealth.

الكبير

Al-Kabeer (The Most Great and The Most High, The Grand)

Allah’s greatness is in all ways. The translation of some of the verses having this beautiful name of Allah is here:

Surah Luqman 30;

30. That is (so) because Allah is the Truth, and that what they call upon other than Him is falsehood, and because Allah is the Most High, the Grand.

Surah Ghaafir 12;

12. [They will be told], “That is because, when Allah was called upon alone, you disbelieved; but if others were associated with Him, you believed. So the judgement is with Allah, the Most High, the Grand.”
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This is due to the Greatness of Allah that the heavens are held up in their high position without any apparent support; if Allah lets it fall then no one will be able to hold them up.

This is also the Greatness of Allah that on the Day of Resurrection, the heavens and the earth shall be in Allah’s hands. See the translation of Al-Zumar (Az-Zumar) verse 67:

67. They made not a just estimate ofAllah such as is due to Him. And on the Day of Resurrection the whole of the earth will be grasped by His Hand and the heavens will be rolled up in His Right Hand. Glorified is He, and High is He above all that they associate as partners with Him!
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The earth and the mountains are quiet and stable so we live and work with comfort. This is due to the Mercy of Allah, otherwise, If Allah, The Most High and Great orders the earth to shake, we will be caught up by a forceful earth quake!!! If Allah so wills, the earth will swallow us all.

The Prophet(Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) used to say in his rukou (bowing) and sujoud (prostrations) Subhaan zhel-Jabaroot, wal- Malakoot, wal- Kibriyaa’i, wal-Azmati.
(Ahmad, abu Dawood and Al-Nisaa’ee)

On one side all Greatness is for Allah and it is the right of Allah to be worshipped. On the other side, there is none (no being and nothing) having greatness and so no other than Allah has the right to be worshipped. Worship includes obedience. In fact worship has a few kinds. Rituals, du’aa, following the Laws and Commands of Allah and obedience to Allah and Allah’s Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him), all of these are different forms of Ibaadah (worship) to Allah.

Satan didn’t prostrate to Adam alaihi salaam and thus disobeyed Allah’s Command. The reason that Satan told was that he (the satan) considered himself greater than Adam alaihi salaam, so much greater that he stood up to challenge Allah All-Mighty. So Satan became mutakabbir and kaafir. That means he showed his greatness without his right to do istikbaar. As a result of this haughtiness he became the dweller of Hell forever. There is a lesson for us in this story of Satan. Anyone from the creature has no right to show greatness and arrogance. In reality, all Greatness is for Allah alone.
What befits human beings and other creations is that we all humble ourselves and make ourselves low in front of Allah. When a person makes himself low in front of Allah, Allah gives him/her honor and lifts them up in ranks.

The Greatness of Allah demands from us that our hearts and tongues become full of honor and respect for Allah, the hearts start fearing Allah and then both of the heart and tongue do zikar, shukur and astaghfar to Allah, that we obey HIM and abstain from disobedience, remember HIM and not forget HIM, keep away from ingratitude to HIM and follow HIS Commands and Laws.

Daily prayers are a very special form of worshipping. Our prayers start with Allaho-Akbar and also we say Allaho-Akbar every time when we change from one position to other in the prayer. Takbeer accompanies a Muslim in all forms of worship, Adhaan (call for prayer) starts and ends with Allaho Akbar, we start and break our fast with Adhan. The Muslims say takbeeraat during Hajj, on Eids and also during fighting with the enemies.

Allah said in the verses 185 of surah Al-Baqarah and verse 37 of surah Al-Hajj (the English translation of these verses is):

185. The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey – then an equal number of other days. Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and [wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful.
Surah Al-Hajj 37:

37.It is neither their meat nor their blood that reaches Allah, but it is piety from you that reaches Him. Thus have We made them subject to you that you may magnify Allah for His Guidance to you. And give glad tidings (O Muhammad SAW)to the Muhsineen (doers of good).
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Allaho-Akbar means, “Allah is the Greatest (nothing is greater than Allah)”. It is said that in Arabic language, the greatest words for honor, respect and jalaal are Allaho-Akbar. Al-Akbar is the superlative degree of Kabeer.

العلى

Al-Ali (The Most High, the Sublime,the Sublimely Exalted)
The absolute Highness is for Allah only and it is from all points of view. Some of the verses in which this beautiful name of Allah is mentioned are here in the form of their English translation:

Al-Baqarah, verse 255;

255. Allah – there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all] existence. Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, and they encompass not a thing of His knowledge except for what He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and their preservation tires Him not. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.

(This was the translation of the Aayatul-Kursi)

Surah Al-Hajj 62:

62. That is because Allah is the Truth, and that which they call upon other than Him is falsehood, and because Allah is the Most High, the Grand.

Surah Sabaa 23:

23 And intercession does not benefit with Him except for one whom He permits. [And those wait] until, when terror is removed from their hearts, they will say [to one another], “What has your Lord said?” They will say, “The truth.” And He is the Most High, the Grand.
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Allah is very high from all points of view. A few points are mentioned here:
Personally; Although Allah is free from place and time so that Allah is everywhere at all times due to Allah’s knowledge and power!!! Yet for our understanding, Allah has fixed a place and has told us in the Holy Quraan that Allah’s Thrown is above the 7 heavens and Allah is above the Thrown. Read the translation of the following verses:

Surah Al-Mulk 16, 17;

16. Do you feel secure that He (Allah), Who is over the heaven, will not cause the earth to swallow you, then behold it shakes (as in an earthquake)?

17. Or do you feel secure that He (Allah), Who is over the heaven, will not send against you a storm of stones? Then you shall know how (terrible) has been My Warning?

Surah Taha 5;

5. The Most Beneficent (Allah) Istawa (rose over) the (Mighty) Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty).
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Allah is very High in HIS qualities and Attributes — none has qualities like HIM. Even no one can reach the height of a single quality of Allah.

Allah’s Highness is absolute in subjugating (overpowering) others. All others are Allah’s creation and they all submit to Allah willingly or unwillingly as everything is in Allah’s Control. So nothing can move or remain stationary without Allah’s permission. What Allah wills, happens and what Allah wills not, doesn’t happen.

Allah’s Highness over the creation is proved in many ways. The Holy Quraan has got more than a thousand proofs of the Highness of Allah. A few are here:

English translation of the verses of;

Surah Al-An’aam18;

18. And He is the Irresistible (Omnipotent), above His slaves, and He is the All-Wise, Well-Acquainted with all things.
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Allah Commands from above and du’aa, requests and actions of the slaves climb up to Allah Almighty from below. See the translation of the following verses of the Holy Quraan:

Surah Al-Sajdah (As-sajdah) 5;

5. He arranges [each] matter from the heaven to the earth; then it will ascend to Him in a Day, the extent of which is a thousand years of those which you count.

Surah Al-Ma’arij, 4;

4. The angels and the Ruh [Jibra-eel (Gabriel)] ascend to Him in a Day the measure where of is fifty thousand years,

Surah Faatir 10;

10. If any do seek for glory and power, -to Allah belong all glory and power. To Him ascend (all) Words of Purity: It is He Who exalts each Deed of Righteousness. Those that lay Plots of Evil,- for them is a Penalty terrible; and the plotting of such will perish.
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From Abu Hurairah, he said: The Prophet sall Allaahu’ alaihi wa sallam said: “Whoever gives sadaqah worth a palm date from the good business results (halal)-while nothing will ever ascend to God except the clean (halaal), Allah will accept it with His Right Hand, then Allah takes care for it for the giver as anyone of you maintain a young colt, so the sadaqa (charity) increases until it becomes like a mountain “.

Source of hadith translation: http://holykoranenglish.blogspot.com.tr/2012/10/sharh-al-fattah-name-allah-and-allah.html[/quote]
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[The Hadeeth means that: 1.To Allah rise only clean (lawful) things/deeds. 2. Allah accepts it and increases it for the giver of this charity. 3. It is given justly, i.e. according to the status of the giver, so if he can give only one date and Allah knows his status, then Allah accepts it and increases it for him in reward which can be as much as a mountain, reward only for one date. (This explanation is from me, may Allah forgive me for any mistake, aameen)].

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The Holy Quraan came down from Allah and the Prophet Eesa (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) was lifted up to heaven by the Command of Allah.

Due to faith in this Attribute of Allah Almighty we, Muslims, become humble and low in front of Allah. We will stand for worship with great respect and fear of Allah believing that Allah is very High, above any defect or fault. We will keep far away from any type of shirk (associating anyone with Allah), and we shall make our worship very pure for Allah. Thus we will be, insha Allah, successful.

الشكور

Al-Shakoor (pronounced as Ash-Shakoor)

This word means The Grateful but when it is used for All-Mighty God then It means the ONE WHO acknowledges good deeds and gratitude of HIS created servants. A related name is Shaakir. When a person is called shaakir, it means that he is thankful to Allah for Allah’s blessings. When the same name is used by Allah for HIMSELF, it means that Allah gives great respect to the righteous deeds of the servant and appreciates his faith and good deeds. Examples:

If a person does one good deed, Allah, the Al-Shakoor, gives him/her 10 times more reward while the one who does evil gets one equivalent punishment for one evil deed. For a good deed the reward can increase multiple times depending upon the purity of the intention.

If a person remembers and praises Allah in a gathering of mankind, Allah shall remember him in front of the angels. Allah never wastes the reward of a good deed even if it is very little. Therefore according to a Hadeeth, a Muslim shouldn’t despise a little act of goodness even if it is to meet a brother with a smiling face. So meeting a brother with a smiling face is a virtue which will bring at least 10 times reward to the Muslim.

Some of the verses that have this beautiful name of Allah:

Surah faatir verse 29,  30 and 34 (Here is the English translation only):

(35:29). Indeed, those who recite the Book of Allah and establish prayer and spend [in His cause] out of what We have provided them, secretly and publicly, [can] expect a profit that will never perish
(35:30). That He may pay them their wages in full, and give them (even) more, out of His Grace. Verily! He is Oft Forgiving, Most Ready to appreciate (good deeds and to recompense).

(35:34). And they will say, “Praise toAllah , who has removed from us [all] sorrow. Indeed, our Lord is Forgiving and Appreciative –

Surah Al-Shura (Ash-Shura) 23:

23. It is that of which Allah gives good tidings to His servants who believe and do righteous deeds. Say, [O Muhammad],”I do not ask you for this message any payment [but] only good will through kinship.” And whoever commits a good deed – We will increase for him good therein. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Appreciative.

الغفور

Al-Ghafoor (The All-Forgiving)
It means the All-Forgiving. Other related names are Al-Ghaffaar, Al-Afuwwun, Ghaafir, and Al-Tawwaab (pronounced as At-Tawaab).

All of them mean the One WHO forgives sins but their meaning of Forgiving is in different degrees. At-Tawwaab also means that Allah responds positively to the repentance of the servants, so when they repent to Allah from their sins, they are forgiven. It is only Allah WHO forgives sins, none other than Allah can forgive sins. It is very clear to understand, as the record of sins of the servants are with Allah only, so it is only Allah WHO can omit and erase the sins of a repenting Muslim.

The Al-Ghafoor quality of Allah means that Allah forgives a lot, Allah is “Waa-si-ul maghfirah” i.e. Allah’s forgiving is extensive. In verse 53 of surah Al-Zumar (pronounced as Az-Zumar) Allah informed us that Allah forgives all sins. The English translation of the verse is:

53.Say: “O ‘Ibadi (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (bycommitting evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah, verilyAllah forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
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Again in a hadeeth Al-Qudsee Allah said: “O the son of Adam,as long as you invoke ME and direct your hopes towards ME, I forgive you and I don’t care. O the son of Adam, If your sins reached the level of the sky, then you did astaghfaar (repented for forgiveness) to ME, I forgive you and I don’t care. O the son of Adam, if you bring mistakes equal to the particles of the earth then you meet Me without associating any one /anything with ME, I provide you forgiveness equal to the particles of the earth.”
(Al-Tirmizee)
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Some of the verses which have this beautiful name of Allah are here as their English translation only:

Surah Al-Nisaa verse 43:

43. O you who have believed, do not approach prayer while you are intoxicated until you know what you are saying or in a state of janabah, except those passing through [a place of prayer], until you have washed [your whole body]. And if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself or you have contacted women and find no water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and your hands [with it]. Indeed, Allah is ever Pardoning and Forgiving.

Surah Al-Fath verse 14:

14. And to Allah belongs the sovereigntyof the heavens and the earth, He forgives whom He wills, and punishes whom He wills. And Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

Surah Al-Mulk verse 2:

2. [He] who created death and life to test you [as to] which of you is best in deed – and He is the Exalted in Might, the Forgiving –

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Although Allah is so Oft-Forgiving, but Allah knows the in and out of every person and forgives or punishes according to the situation. The most important thing is sincerity of every person. If a person tries to take advantage of the Forgiving Quality of Allah and enjoys him/her self, with the intention that in the end he/she will repent to get their sins forgiven, they cannot deceive Allah but are deceiving themselves. Now many scholars remind this Quality of Allah. I remind the readers two more things as follow:

Surah Al-Nisaa verse 17-18;
 

17. Allah accepts only the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and foolishness and repent soon afterwards; It is they to whom Allah will forgive and Allah is Ever All-Knower, All-Wise.

Another translation of the same verse 17 is:

17. Forgiveness is only incumbent on Allah toward those who do evil in ignorance (and) then turn quickly (in repentance) to Allah. These are they toward whom Allah relents. Allah is ever Knower, Wise.

18. And of no effect is the repentance of those who continue to do evil deeds until death faces one of them and he says: “Now I repent;” nor of those who die while they are disbelievers. For them We have prepared a painful torment.
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So our duty is to protect ourselves from sins and we must fear Allah at all times. If anyone made a mistake ignorantly, then he/she must repent to Allah quickly.

Second thing that I must remind the Muslims is the behavior of the companions radi-yallaho anhum. Although they knew the verses and ahadeeth about the Forgiving of Allah but they always lived in extreme fear of Allah and readily acted upon the Commands and Rules of Allah.

العظيم

Al- Azeem (The Magnificent, The Infinite)

All-Mighty God Allah is very Great. This Excellent name of Allah indicates Allah’s excellence in all of HIS Qualities. Allah is Great in HIS SELF, in Seeing, Hearing , Providing, Kindness and Mercy, in the Ownership of Power etc. Allah said in the end of Aayatul-Kursi: “ —— wa huwal Ali-yyul-Azeem”.

The translation of Aayatul- Kursi is:

255. Allah – there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all] existence. Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, and they encompass not a thing of His knowledge except for what He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and their preservation tires Him not. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.
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This is the verse 255 of surah Al-Baqarah and is called Aayatul-Kursi. This is very perfect verse in the qualities of Allah Almighty. According to a hadeeth, it is the best verse of the Holy Quraan. Other verses that have the name Al-Azeem are:

Translation of the last verse of the surah Al-Tawbah (pronounced as At-Tawbah);

129. But if they turn away, say (O Muhammad SAW): “Allah is sufficient for me. La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), in Him I put my trust and He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne.
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Here Allah used this Great name for the greatness of Allah’s Throne, which reminds us the Great and Mighty Sovereignty of Allah the Lord!!!

In surah Al-Haaqah and surah al-Waqiyah Allah said:

Fa sabbih bismi Rabbikal-Azeem.

Its translation is:

(56:74). Therefor (O Muhammad), praise the name of thy Lord, the Tremendous.
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This verse is repeated in the end of surah Al-Waqiyah i.e. this verse came twice in the surah Al-Waqiah and also it came in the end of surah Al-Haaqah. Here is the tafseer of this verse in surah Al- Waqiyah, in Tafheemul-Quraan. You can see it at tafeem.net. The explanation that follows is found in the exp.note 42 of the last aayah i.e. verse 96 of surah Al-Waqiyah:

(56:96). So glorify the name of your Great Lord.42

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Exp note 42:

42. Uqbah bin Amir Juhni relates that when this verse was sent down the Prophet (peace be upon him) commanded that the people put it in their ruku, i.e. they should recite Subhana-Rabbi-yal-Azeem in the position of ruku in the Prayer. And when the verse Sabbi-hismi-Rabbi-kal-Aala was sent down, he enjoined that they put it in their sajdah, i.e. they should recite Subhana-Rabbi-yal-Aa’la in sajdah. (Musnad Ahmad, Abu Daud, Ibn Majah, Ibn Hibban, Hakim). This show that even the most minor details of the procedure enjoined by the Prophet (peace be upon him) for the Prayer are derived from the allusions given in the Quran.

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Thus we repeatedly recite this Great name of Allah in ruku (bowing down on our knees) in our daily prayers.