Month: September 2019

الواسع

Al-Wasi’

(The Vast, the All Encompassing)

 

This beautiful name of Allah came in the Holy Quraan in many places. Some of them are given here as the English translation of the verses.

Surah Al-Baqarah 115 and 247:

115. And to Allah belongs the east and the west. So wherever you [might] turn, there is the Face of Allah. Indeed, Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.

247. And their Prophet (Samuel ) said to them, “Indeed Allah has appointed Talut (Saul) as a king over you.” They said, “How can he be a king over us when we are better fitted than him for the kingdom, and he has not been given enough wealth.” He said: “Verily, Allah has chosen him above you and has increased him abundantly in knowledge and stature. And Allah grants His Kingdom to whom He wills. And Allah is All-Encompassing (in favor), All-Knower.”
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Its meanings are vast. All of Allah’s attributes are All- Encompassing and All-Comprehending. No one can comprehend the greatness of Allah’s Qualities. Only Allah can comprehend Allah’s great Qualities and Praises. Allah’s Greatness is All –Encompassing, HIS Sovereignty and Authority, HIS Kingdom, HIS Grace and Bounties, HIS Generosity and Kindness, and—, and—- are all very much vast!!!

Regarding the vastness of Allah’s Knowledge, Allah said in the following verses (their English translation is):

Surah Al-An’aam 80:

  1. And his people argued with him. He (Ibraheem alaihi salaam) said, “Do you argue with me concerning Allah while He has guided me? And I do not fear those whom you associate with Him ( in His divinity) [and I will not be harmed] unless my Lord should will something. My Lord encompasses all things in knowledge; then will you not remember?Surah Taha 98:

    98. Your God is only Allah, except for whom there is no deity. He has encompassed all things in knowledge.”
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    Regarding the Vastness of the Mercy of Allah:

    Surah Al-Araaf 156:

    156 .And decree for us in this world [that which is] good and [also] in the Hereafter; indeed, we have turned back to You.” [ Allah ] said, “My punishment – I afflict with it whom I will, but My mercy encompasses all things.” So I will decree it [especially] for those who fear Me and give zakah and those who believe in Our verses –
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    Concerning rizaq (sustenance) Allah Almighty said:

    Surah Al-Nisaa (An-Nisaa):

    130. But if they separate (by divorce), Allah will provide abundance for everyone of them from His Bounty. And Allah is Ever All-Sufficient for His creatures’ need, All-Wise.

    Other translation of the same verse 130 is:

    130. But if they separate [by divorce], Allah will enrich each [of them] from His abundance. And ever is Allah Encompassing and Wise.

Surah Al-Noor (An-Noor) 32:

32. And marry the unmarried among you and the righteous among your male slaves and female slaves. If they should be poor, Allah will enrich them from His bounty, and Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.
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Regarding Allah’s forgiveness for the servants, Allah said in surah Al-Najam (An-Najam) 32:

32. Those who avoid the major sins and immoralities, except the small faults .Indeed, your Lord is vast in forgiveness. He was most knowing of you when He produced you from the earth and when you were fetuses in the wombs of your mothers. So do not claim yourselves to be pure; He is most knowing of who fears Him.

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About providing reward to the obedient believers, Allah said in the surah Al-Baqarah 261:

261. The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is like a seed [of grain] which grows seven spikes; in each spike is a hundred grains. And Allah multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills. And Allah is All-Encompassing and Knowing.
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While obligating duties on the believers Allah said in the surah Al-Baqarah 286:

  1. Allah does not charge a soul except [with that within] its capacity. It will have [the consequence of] what [good] it has gained, and it will bear [the consequence of] what [evil] it has earned. “Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have forgotten or erred. Our Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that which You laid upon those before us. Our Lord, and burden us not with that which we have no ability to bear. And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy upon us. You are our protector, so give us victory over the disbelieving people.”
    **************************************************************************************************In short, the name Al-Wasi’ which indicates the vastness in all good qualities of Allah is such that we cannot describe it in our words. We must believe in this name of Allah and must pray to Allah like Allah has taught us in the above verse.We should recite the last 2 verses of surah Al-Baqarah (i.e. 285—286) every night.

المجيب

Al-Mujeeb (The Responder to Prayer)
This beautiful name of Allah came in the verse 61 of surah Hud. Its translation is:

61. And to Thamud [We sent] their brother Salih. He said, “O my people, worship Allah ; you have no deity other than Him. He has produced you from the earth and settled you in it, so ask forgiveness of Him and then repent to Him. Indeed, my Lord is near and responsive.”

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This name is a proof that Allah Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala hears du’aa (Supplication) of the servants and accepts and answers their prayers. Allah doesn’t return a needy or beggar empty-handed. Allah encouraged us to supplicate to HIM. Even Allah gave du’aa the status of ibaadah (worship). So we must ask du’aa only from Allah because only Allah has the right to be worshiped. Also the fact is that none except Allah can provide our needs and no one other than Allah can solve our problems or make us successful to achieve our aims. All the creations including mankind are needy and fuqara (beggars) to Allah. We do make prayers for many things like eemaan (faith), guidance of the right path, sustenance, health, success in our good aims, also du’aa for our children, parents, relatives, and for the Ummah as well as for the whole humanity at large. We also pray for the forgiveness of our sins and protection from the Hell-Fire in the Hereafter. No matter how vast are our demands and supplications, Allah accepts our du’aa and fulfils our needs. This is a proof of the unique Power of Allah and the vastness of Allah’s treasures. Allah provides all of the creatures plus human beings plus the Jinn, but neither Allah becomes tired nor Allah’s treasures decrease in the least, Allaho Akbar!!!

There is a hadeeth Al-Qudsee in Muslim, which says:

“O MY Ibaad (servants, slaves), if all of you, the former and the latter, the humans and jinn stand up in a single plane / field and ask ME (for your needs), and I gave to all what they asked for, nothing will be reduced from MY Treasures just like the decrease in an ocean when a needle is immersed into it (then taken out)”!!!
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(Translation in my own words, may Allah forgive me, aameen)

One shouldn’t say,”O Allah forgive me if YOU want”. Rather he/she must pray with humbleness and must ask Allah to fulfil his/her need.

Allah said in the verse 186 of surah Al-Baqarah (its English translation is):

186. And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me – indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided.
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A unanimous hadeeth informs us saying, “Our Rabb Tabaarak wa Ta’aala descends to the heaven of this world ( the visible sky) every night when one-third of the night remains, and says, : any who supplicates to ME, I will respond to him, who wants from ME (his need) I will provide it to him, who says astaghfirullah to ME (wants forgiveness of his sins), I will forgive him.”
(Unanimous hadeeth).
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Some of the worshipping and righteous people say that they prayed to Allah but their prayers were not answered. The answer is that the response to supplications may happen in many different ways. Sometimes a du’aa is answered at once and exactly in the form that the supplicant prayed for. Sometimes its answer gets delayed due to hikmah (wisdom), but it does come. Sometimes the response is not exactly the same as the servant prayed for, but another better thing is given in response to the prayer. While in some cases due to hikmah, the answer will be left to the Hereafter.

According to a hadeeth in Bukhari and Al-Imam Ahmad, whenever a Muslim supplicates and his supplication is not for sinful thing or for the cutting of the relations of kinship, he is certainly given one of the three things,: Is responded quickly with the thing he wanted, or the response to him is postponed to the Hereafter, or an evil is removed from him / (he is protected from some evil happening).
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The belief in this name of Allah makes a Muslim hopeful from Allah and gets protected from hopelessness. Why shouldn’t  a Muslim be hopeful from the Kind Rabb Who is Al-Jawaad (The Generous), Al-Kareem and Al-Muhsin; and Allah is the OWNER of all Kingdom and everything, has the power to do whatever HE wills and whenever HE wills to do it. HIS is the creation and HIS is the Command:

29. Of Him seeks (its need) every creature in the heavens and on earth: every day in (new) Splendour doth He (shine)!

[Surah Al-Rahmaan (Ar-Rahmaan) verse 29]
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الرقيب

Written as Al-Raqeeb ( to be read as Ar-Raqeeb)

(The Watchful One)

The verses of the Holy Quraan having this beautiful name of Allah are from surah Al-Nisaa (An-Nisaa) 1, Al-Ahzaab 52, and Al-Ma’idah 117. Their English translation is:

(4:1) O men! Fear your Lord Who created you from a single being and out of it created its mate; and out of the two spread many men and women.1 Fear Allah in Whose name you plead for rights, and heed the ties of kinship. Surely, Allah is ever watchful over you. 

Exp. note 1:

1. What are the mutual rights of human beings, what are the principles on which a sound and stable family life can be established, are questions that are discussed a little further on in this surah. As an appropriate introduction to the subject, the surah opens by exhorting the believers to fear God and to avoid courting His displeasure, and by urging them to recognize that all human beings have sprung from the same root and that all of them are, therefore, of one another’s flesh and blood. The expression ‘Who created you from a single being (nafs)’ indicates that the creation of the human species began with the creation of one individual. At another place, the Qur’an specifies that the one person from whom the human race spread in the world was Adam. (For Adam being the progenitor of mankind see Towards Understanding the Qur’an, (Surah 2, verses 31 f.) and (Surah al-A’raf: 11), etc. – Ed.)

The details how out of that ‘being’ its mate was created are not known to us. The explanation which is generally given by the commentators of the Qur’an and which is also found in the Bible is that Eve was, created out of a rib of Adam. (The Talmud is even more detailed in that it states that Eve was created out of Adam’s thirteenth rib on the left side.) The Qur’an, however, is silent on the matter and the tradition which is adduced in support of this statement does not mean what it is often thought to be. It is thus better that we leave the matter in the same state of ambiguity in which it was left by God, rather than waste our time trying to determine, in detail, the actual process of the creation of man’s mate.
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Surah Al-Ahzaab 52:

(33:52) Thereafter women will not be lawful for you, and it will not be lawful for you to take other wives in place of them, even though their beauty might please you,93unless they be those whom your right hand owns.94 Allah is watchful over everything. 

Surah Al-Ma’idah 117:

(5:117) I said to them nothing except what You commanded me, that is: ‘Serve Allah, my Lord and your Lord.’ I watched over them as long as I remained among them; and when You did recall me, then You Yourself became the Watcher over them. Indeed, You are Witness over everything. 
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This verse can be understood by the context. Therefore, read the translation of the verse before it, that is verse 116:


(5:116) And imagine when thereafter Allah will say: ‘Jesus, son of Mary, did you say to people: “Take me and my mother for gods beside Allah?”130 and he will answer: “Glory to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right to. Had I said so, You would surely have known it. You know all what is within my mind whereas I do not know what is within Yours. You, indeed You, know fully all that is beyond the reach of human perception. 

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The meanings of the above verses and their context, as well as the exp. note 1 of the surah Al-Nisaa will give you an idea of the meaning of Al-Raqeeb. We understand that by this name we must fear Allah who is not only a Watcher on us but also has appointed watcher angels on each and every person to make a record of deeds of every person and that record shall be a witness on us on the Day of Judgment!!!

So Allah is a Watcher on all of us as Allah hears all that we say, and sees all that we do. Allah is The All-Hearing and All-Seeing and also watches what is hidden in our hearts and minds because Allah’s Knowledge encompasses everything, internal and external in darkness and light!!!

When a Muslim believes in the muraaqibah of Allah on him (Allah’s watching him) and that nothing internal or external is hidden from Allah, then he / she will watch his/her own words, actions and even thoughts in his/her mind. He /she will try to do things according to the pleasure of Allah and will abstain from all words, actions and thoughts that make Allah angry. Thus he will fear from Allah’s watching at every place and time and even from an unjust thought and his interior and exterior both will become very clean and poise insha-Allah.

Allah said in surah Al-Hadeed 4, its translation is;


4. He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in Six Days, and is moreover firmly established on the Throne (of Authority). He knows what enters within the earth and what comes forth out of it, what comes down from heaven and what mounts up to it. And He is with you wheresoever you may be. And Allah sees well all that you do.

And the translation of surah Ghaafir 19 is:


19. Allah knows the fraud of the eyes, and all that the hearts conceal.

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In a long hadeeth in Muslim, narrated by Umar rAa, Jibreel alaihi salaam asked Muhammad salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam about “Al-Ihsaan” (performing actions, especially the acts of worship, in a perfect manner). 

He salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam replied: “It is to worship Allah as though you were seeing HIM and in the belief that although you are not seeing HIM, yet truly HE sees you”.
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Faith in this great name of Allah and then the watch on one’s own words, actions and thoughts results in high level of taqwa (fear of Allah and obedience to HIM) and then even in this life the Muslim gets a type of satisfaction and pleasure. Such a Muslim is pleased with Allah being his Rabb (Lord, Provider), Islam his deen (religion), and Muhammad salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam his Prophet and Messenger. According to a hadeeth shareef, such a Muslim then tastes / feels the pleasure of his eemaan (the faith of Islam).

Ibn. Al-Qayyim (a great scholar) said that when a Muslim’s heart feels pleasure with the remembrance of Allah and Allah’s obedience, then such pleasure is a blessing greater than all worldly blessings. This pleasure can be felt but cannot be expressed in words. Such a Muslim loves Allah and Allah’s Messenger more than anyone. His love for a person is for the sake of Allah, he hates to return to unbelief from which Allah protected him, just as he hates to go into the Fire. So he proceeds towards Paradise. 

الكريم , الاكرم

Al-Kareem, —Al-Akram

(The Most Generous, The Most Bountiful)
The verses of the Holy Quraan which have these beautiful names are from the surah Al-Namal (An-Namal), Al-Infitaar, Al-Mo’minoon and Al-Alaq. The name “Al-Akram” comes in the verse 3 of the surah Al-Alaq. The English translation of these verses is:

Surah Al-Namal (An-Namal) 40:

40. One with whom was knowledge of the Scripture said: “I will bring it to you within the twinkling of an eye!” then when [Sulaiman (Solomon)] saw it placed before him, he said: “This is by the Grace of my Lord to test me whether I am grateful or ungrateful! And whoever is grateful, truly, his gratitude is for (the good of) his ownself, and whoever is ungrateful, (he is ungrateful only for the loss of his ownself). Certainly! My Lord is Rich (Free of all wants), Bountiful.”

Surah Al-Infitaar 6:

6. O mankind, what has deceived you concerning your Lord, the Generous,

Surah Al-Mo’minoon 116:

116. Therefore exalted is Allah, the King, the Reality: there is no god but He, the Lord of the Throne of Honour!

Surah Al-Alaq 3: “Iqra’ Wa Rabbukal Akram”


3. Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous,

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This name has vast meanings. Some of them are mentioned here.

1. Lots of good, benefits and blessings given by HIM to the slaves/servants.

2. Always bestowing HIS blessing on the servants.

3. Absolute Supremacy and Honor are for Allah alone.

4. Allah is High above any defect.

5. The ONE WHO gives blessings without any exchange for them i.e. HE (Allah) provides blessings to the servants and doesn’t take anything in exchange from them.

6. The ONE WHO provides even without cause. HE provides to those who need and also to those without need.

7. The ONE to WHOM reach small and big, all applications/supplications (du’aas) of the needies.

8. The ONE WHO doesn’t return a needy (with du’aa/application for help) empty handed.

9. The ONE WHO always fulfills HIS Promise.

All of the above are the great qualities of none except Allah! Allah is Ghanee and Kareem, (free from any need /want, and is very Kind) to the creation as we are all needy and depend upon Allah’s  Karam (Kindness and Generosity).

Allah also gave this quality of karam (honor and generosity) to the followings as mentioned in the Holy Quraan, (only the English translation of the verses is given).

a). To HIS BOOK.

Surah Al-Waqi’ah 77: “Innahoo laqur’aanun kareem”

77. This is indeed a Qur’an Most Honourable,

The other translation is:

77.Indeed, it is a noble Qur’an

b). To Allah’s Thrown.

Surah Al-Mo’minoon 116:

116. Therefore exalted is Allah, the King, the Reality: there is no god but He, the Lord of the Throne of Honour!

Another translation is:

116. So exalted is Allah, the Sovereign, the Truth; there is no deity except Him, Lord of the Noble Throne.

c). The Blessings and the Reward to the practicing believers is also honored:

Surah Al-Anfaal 4: “…… Lahum darajaatun inda Rabbihim wa maghfiratun wa rizqun kareem”

4. It is they who are the believers in truth. For them are grades of dignity with their Lord, and Forgiveness and a generous provision (Paradise).

d). Mud’khalan Kareema:

Surah Al-Nisaa ( An-Nisaa), 31:

31. If you avoid the great sins which you are forbidden to do, We shall remit from you your (small) sins, and admit you to a Noble Entrance (i.e. Paradise).

e). The beautiful scenes that Allah made in this world for testing us:

Sura Al-Shu’araa’ (Ash-Shu’araa’), 7:

7. Do they not look at the earth,- how many noble things of all kinds We have produced therein?

From this beautiful name of Allah we must take the following lessons:

1. We must be very thankful to Allah and must remember and praise HIM a lot. We must ask only Allah for our needs.

2. When we see HIS Karam (Kindness, Beauty and Generosity) directly or indirectly, in the beauty of the world, we must turn to Allah, praise HIM, worship Him and pay thanks to HIM.

3. We must be generous and kind to our relatives, neighbors, and friends, and to all around us.

الجليل

Al-Jaleel  (The Majestic, the Sublime)
Allah is so much Magnificent that we are bound to look for HIS Mercy. We Muslims must live between fear and hope. Our fear must be from Allah due to Allah’s Jalaal, Greatness, Power and Majesty and our hope must be due to Allah’s Mercy. The related name is Dho-Al-Jalaali wa Al-Ikraam. The name Jalaal is coming with Ikraam to give us hope of Allah’s Grace, Kindness and Mercy. But the Name Jalaal and Jaleel gives us fear due to Allah’s Greatness. Similarly, Allah’s name Al-Azeez comes with another name like Raheem, Hakeem (Azeezur-Raheem and Azeezul-Hakeem)to create a balance for us. This is because the name Al-Azeez indicates the Might of Allah, that Allah is All-Mighty which gives us fear of Allah. Then the Al-Raheem gives us hope of Allah’s Mercy so that we can live between the fear of Allah and the hope of Allah’s Mercy.

Allah said in surah al-Hijr verses 49—50 (their English translation is):

49.Declare (O Muhammad SAW) unto My slaves, that truly, I am the Oft-Forgiving,the Most-Merciful.
50. And that My Penalty is indeed the most grievous Penalty.
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So we, the servants and creation of Allah, Must fear His Jalaal and must pray and hope for Allah’s mercy and forgiveness. 

Also this name means that “Allahu yujillu awliyaa’ahoo wa yuazzimuhoo bena – ibaadihee”, i.e. Allah gives dignity and honor to those who support HIS cause and obey and follow HIS Commands. Allah will give them light on the Day when everyone shall be looking for light.


Read the translation of the verse 8 of surah Al-Tahreem (At-Tahreem):

  1. O ye who believe! Turn to Allah with sincere repentance: In the hope that your Lord will remove from you your ills and admit you to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow,- the Day that Allah will not permit to be humiliated the Prophet and those who believe with him. Their Light will run forward before them and by their right hands, while they say,”Our Lord! Perfect our Light for us, and grant us Forgiveness: for YOU have power over all things.”
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A believer must always adopt the attitude of fearing Allah and hoping HIS Mercy and should say the following du’aa:


“Allahumma innee a’oudhu biridaaka min sakhatika wabi-af’wika min aqoubatika wa a’oudhu bika minka, laa manjaata minka illa ilek.”


Its translation is:

Ya Allah, I seek refuge with your pleasure from your anger, and with your forgiveness from your punishment, and I seek refuge with you from you because there is no way (of escape) except (the way) to you.

الحسيب

Al-Haseeb:  This Beautiful name of Allah has the following meanings:

1. From hasaba= to count, Thus each and every action of every person is counted and recorded, nothing is hidden from Allah. Allah is Al-Haseeb, i.e. the ONE WHO is the Reckoner and will call all of us to account. Allah said in surah Al-Nisaa (An-Nisaa) verse 6, its English translation is:


6. And test orphans (as regards their intelligence) until they reach the age of marriage; if then you find sound judgement in them, release their property to them, but consume it not wastefully, and hastily fearing that they should grow up, and whoever amongst guardians is rich, he should take no wages, but if he is poor, let him have for himself what is just and reasonable (according to his work). And when you release their property to them, take witness in their presence; and Allah is All-Sufficient in taking account.
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Also Allah said in the verse 86 of the same surah An-Nisaa, the English translation is:

86.When you are greeted with a greeting, greet in return with what is better than it, or (at least) return it equally. Certainly, Allah is Ever a Careful Account Taker of all things.
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Hasab also means to be sufficient. Allah said in surah Al-Anfaal verse 64, its English translation is:

(8:64) O Prophet! Allah is sufficient for you and the believers who follow you. 
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We must fear the Day of Judgement and Accounting. Allah is the Most Merciful and the Forgiving, but in case we are unjust (may Allah protect us) then Allah is the Haseeb i.e is the Reckoner. So we must keep this point in mind and struggle hard to stay away from injustice to protect ourselves from the hard Accounting on that hard Day.

We can also use this beautiful name in the du’aa:

Hasbi-Yallah, and Hasbunallahu wa ni’mal Wakeel.

المقيت

Al-Muqeet  (The Nourisher, The Controller)

This beautiful name of Allah came in the verse 85 of surah Al-Nisaa (An-Nisaa). The English translation of the verse is:


85. Whosoever intercedes for a good cause will have the reward thereof, and whosoever intercedes for an evil cause will have a share in its burden. And Allah is Ever All-Able to do (and also an All-Witness to) everything.
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Allah provides to every one of HIS creation its strength, its sustenance and whatever it/he/she needs, and watches and controls them according to Allah’s wisdom and knowledge. Allah said in surah Hood verse 6, (its English translation is):


6. And there is no creature on earth but that upon Allah is its provision, and He knows its place of dwelling and place of storage. All is in a clear register.
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Thus Allah sends power to His creature and distributes provision to all of the big and small creatures.

For the creatures, Allah managed the power/strength and provision by providing and managing it in the earth during its creation as Allah said in surah Fussilat 10, its English translation is:

10. (41:10) (After creating the earth) He set up firm mountains on it, blessed it,11 and provided it with sustenance in proportion to the needs of all who seek (sustenance). 12 All this was done in four days.13
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Exp.note 11:

Blessings of the earth imply those measureless and countless things which have been continuously coming out of it since millions and millions of years, and are fulfilling the ever increasing needs and requirements of all the creatures from the microscopic germs to the highly civilized man. Among these the principal blessings are the air and the water by which alone vegetable, animal and then human life became possible on the earth.
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[This exp. note 11 and translation of this verse 10 of surah Fussilat is from Tafheemul-Quraan at tafheem.net (towards understanding Quraan. ) The other name of the surah Fussilat is Ha-Meem Al-Sajdah].

Thus Allah managed all of the necessities of the dwellers of the earth like land for cultivation, water, plants and crops; businesses and their profits and losses etc. in the very beginning.

There are also other meanings of Al-Muqeet as Ibn. Katheer said in the tafseer of the verse 85 of surah Al-Nisaa:

Ibn.Abbaas, Ataa, Atiyyah, Qatada and Matar Al-Waraaq said that Muqeeta means Hafeeza (Guardian). Mujaahid said that it means Haseeba (The One Who takes the account.)

Sa’eed Bin Jubair, Suddi and Ibn. Zaid said that it means Qadeera (The One Who has power over all things).

It is possible that “Al-Muqeet” gives all of the above meanings as Allah Almighty has complete knowledge about HIS servants /creature/ creation and also about their circumstances and knows whatever they need. So it is Allah who strengthens the bodies of the servants by food/provision and strengthens their hearts (whomever HE wants) with knowledge and faith.