Month: August 2019

القابض الباسط

Al-Qaabidh and Al-Baasit (The Withholder and Extender)

 People’s Provision or Sustenance

In this context, Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says,

“Allah extends provision for whom He wills of His slaves, and restricts it for whom (He wills). Verily, Allah is the All-Knower of all things.” [Al-’Ankabout: 62]
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It is He who gives or withholds sustenance for people. It is He who makes people rich or poor. If He desires to provide you with sustenance, He inspires you and enables you to have the necessary ways and means to earn money and make your living. If, for some reason or another, He desires to withhold provision from you, He blocks all ways in your face, even though you might be so smart or brilliant.

For that we should firmly believe that Allah Subhanahu wa Ta`ala is the All-Provider, and that He, only He, is the one who withholds or extends provision for His slaves.

✦ Rainfall and Clouds

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says,

“It is Allah Who sends the winds so that they raise clouds and spread them along the sky as He wills, and then break them into fragments until you see rain drops come forth from their midst! Then when He has made them fall down on whom He wills of His slaves, lo, they rejoice!” [Ar-Rum: 48]
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Clouds are spread along the sky as Allah Subhanahu wa Ta`ala desires. He might withhold them from some people and provide them to others. At the same time, in some places the rain would be much heavier than in others. This means that Allah Subhanahu wa Ta`ala withholds rain from some and provides it to some.

✦ Life, Death and Sleep

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta`ala is Al-QabidAl-Basit in the sense that He withholds, i.e. seizes, people’s souls and causes them to die, or releases them, i.e. brings them back into life. Hence, provision, clouds, light, darkness, and souls are all under Allah’s divine control; and He either withholds or extends them.

 Constriction and Expansion of the Heart 

Allah Tubhanahu wa Ta`ala straitens and widens people’s hearts in the sense that He fills them with both fear and hope. We are always either fearful of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta`ala or hopeful of Him. A true believer should always be in either of two states: dispirited with fear or spirited with hope.

If Allah Subhanahu wa a`ala withholds spiritual enhancement from us, we feel lonely, dispirited, unhappy, deprived, miserable, and even outcast or rejected. This is because Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala withholds spiritual enhancement from us. We read the Qur’an, but do not feel responsive towards it, perform prayer, but do not enjoy any feeling of veneration or submissiveness, desire to sit down to contemplate Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala and His divine Attributes, but feel distracted from so doing. Such a state is simply called Qabid, i.e. withholding or straitening, which makes us feel dispirited or miserable.

Allah’s withholding of good feelings and conditions from His believing slave is meant to make him feel afraid and worried and in order to motivate him to turn to Him in sincere repentance mixed with good hope.

✦ Control and Power over Everything

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala being Al-Qabid, controls everything and He is All-Powerful. Sometimes, you cannot implant sadness in the heart of a happy person. If you speak to him, he does not listen to you. But Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala is powerful over all things, and He withholds or extends, as He pleases. He may withhold good thinking from you and cause you to be unable to understand a thing.

Hearts are of two kinds: one that is full of happiness, contentment, and divine enlightenment, and another that is hard, desolated, petrified, dead, senseless, and merciless. If Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala withholds happiness from someone’s heart, he is by no means happy, and if He withholds provision from someone, he will never be provided. This is because He is the All-Provider.

✦ Enlightenment, Knowledge and Wisdom

Another opinion proposed by Al-Qushairi, an Iranian Muslim philosopher, says thatAl-Qabd’ and Al-Bast are two conditions whereby Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala educates those who are conscious of Him. In this context, Prophet Muhammad sala Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, My Lord has educated me, and He has educated me (perfectly) well.”

Religious scholars say that Al-Qabd and Al-Bast, are two conditions whereby Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala refines His slaves who are conscious of Him, and whereby He opens to them gates of knowledge and wisdom.

Living by Allah’s Names: Al-Qaabidh and Al-Baasit

Be a Source of Expansion for Others. As people, we need to be of those who offer relief to other people. Al-Ghazali states that we should expand the hearts of men by reminding them of the blessings of Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala and His consolation, and if need be remind them also of His majesty so that that form of constriction also brings us back to Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala.

العليم

Al-Aleem (The All-Knowing)

According to some scholars this beautiful Attribute of Allah has come in the verses of the Holy Quran at more than 150 places. (See the book “Fiqhul- Asmaa-il-Husna by Abdi-Ar_Razzaaq bin Abdil Husain Al-Badhar).

Allah The All-Knowing said in the following verses:

Al-Room (Ar-Room) 54 (translation only);


(30:54) It is Allah Who created you in a state of weakness; then after weakness He gave you strength, then after strength He made you weak and old. He creates what He pleases.79 He is All-Knowing, All-Powerful. 

Al-Nisaa 70;

ذٰ لِكَ الۡـفَضۡلُ مِنَ اللّٰهِ​ ؕ وَكَفٰى بِاللّٰهِ عَلِيۡمًا70

(4:70)  That is the bounty from Allah, and sufficient is Allah as Knower.

Surah Yaseen 38:

وَالشَّمۡسُ تَجۡرِىۡ لِمُسۡتَقَرٍّ لَّهَا ​ؕ ذٰلِكَ تَقۡدِيۡرُ الۡعَزِيۡزِ الۡعَلِيۡم38

(36:38) The sun is running its course to its appointed place.33 That is the ordaining of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing. 
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Exp. note 33

33. “Place of rest” may either mean the place where the sun will ultimately come to a halt, or the time when it will come to a halt. The true meaning of this verse can be determined only when man has attained the full and exact knowledge of the realities of the universe. But man’s knowledge is such that it has been changing in every age and what he seems to know today might change tomorrow. The people of the ancient times on the basis of their observations of the sun believed that it was moving round the earth. Then after further research and observation the view became that the sun was stationary and all the planets of the solar system were revolving round it. But this theory also did not last long. The later observations revealed that not only the sun but all the stars are also moving in a particular direction, at speeds of 10 to 100 miles per second. About the sun the modern astronomers hold the view that it is moving at a speed of 20 kilometers (about 12 miles) per second along with its whole family of the planets. (See Star and Sun in Encyclopedia Britannica).
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Surah Al-Baqarah 181:

فَمَنۡۢ بَدَّلَهٗ بَعۡدَمَا سَمِعَهٗ فَاِنَّمَآ اِثۡمُهٗ عَلَى الَّذِيۡنَ يُبَدِّلُوۡنَهٗؕ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ سَمِيۡعٌ عَلِيۡمٌؕ‏ 181

(2:181) Then if anyone alters the will after hearing it, this sin shall be upon them who alter. Surely Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. 
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(This is the verse about the Command of Allah Almighty regarding the will of a Muslim before his death. To understand it you should read the verse before as well as after the verse 181).

Allah’s knowledge is so vast and encompassing that it covers the interior and exterior of everything as well as the hidden and open facts about all things and beings.

Allah has the knowledge of the past, present and future. Allah knows what happened in the past, and why and how it happened; and that what will happen in future, and how. Allah has full account of everything.

Allah mentioned the vast and limitless nature of HIS knowledge in the verses of the Holy Quraan. Some of them are here in the following:

Surah Al-An’aam 80:

وَحَآجَّهٗ قَوۡمُهٗ ​ؕ قَالَ اَتُحَآجُّٓونِّىۡ فِى اللّٰهِ وَقَدۡ هَدٰٮنِ​ؕ وَلَاۤ اَخَافُ مَا تُشۡرِكُوۡنَ بِهٖۤ اِلَّاۤ اَنۡ يَّشَآءَ رَبِّىۡ شَيۡـًٔـا ​ؕ وَسِعَ رَبِّىۡ كُلَّ شَىۡءٍ عِلۡمًا​ؕ اَفَلَا تَتَذَكَّرُوۡنَ‏

(6:80) His. people remonstrated with him whereupon Abraharn said: ‘Do you remonstrate with me concerning Allah Who has guided me to the right way? I do not fear those whom you associate with Allah in His divinity. Only that which my Lord wills, indeed that alone will come by. My Lord embraces all things within His knowledge. Will you not take heed?54
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Exp. note 54: 

  1. The word used here is tadhakkur which conveys the sense that somebody who had been either heedless or negligent of something suddenly wakes up to its true meaning. The purpose of Abraham’s statement was to recall them to their senses by reminding them that their true Lord was not uninformed about their deeds, for His knowledge encompasses everything.

    Surah Ghaafir (surah Al-Mu’min) 7, (translation only):

    (40:7) The angels that bear the Throne and those that are around to extol your Lord’s glory with His praise, they believe in Him, and ask forgiveness for the believers,6saying: “Our Lord! You encompass everything with Your Mercy and Knowledge.7So forgive those that repent and follow Your Path,9and guard them against the chastisement of Hell.8

    Surah Taha 98:

    اِنَّمَاۤ اِلٰهُكُمُ اللّٰهُ الَّذِىۡ لَاۤ اِلٰـهَ اِلَّا هُوَ​ؕ وَسِعَ كُلَّ شَىۡءٍ عِلۡمًا‏ 98

    (20:98) Your God is none else than Allah, beside Whom there is no god. His knowledge embraces everything.”
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Also Allah’s knowledge encompasses the actions of all people as well as things, nothing is beyond HIS reach:

Surah Aali-Imraan120 (translation only):

(3:120) If anything good happens to you they are grieved; if any misfortune befalls you they rejoice at it. But if you remain steadfast and mindful of Allah their designs will not cause you harm. Allah surely encompasses all that they do. 

Surah Hud 92:

قَالَ يٰقَوۡمِ اَرَهۡطِىۡۤ اَعَزُّ عَلَيۡكُمۡ مِّنَ اللّٰهِ ؕ وَ اتَّخَذۡتُمُوۡهُ وَرَآءَكُمۡ ظِهۡرِيًّا​ ؕ اِنَّ رَبِّىۡ بِمَا تَعۡمَلُوۡنَ مُحِيۡط92

(11:92) Shu’ayb said: ‘My people! Are my kinsmen mightier on you than Allah that you (hold the kinsmen in awe while) you cast Allah behind your back? Surely my Lord encompasses all what you do. 
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Allah Also revealed the words of the Prophet Ibraaheem (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) as he said:

رَبَّنَاۤ اِنَّكَ تَعۡلَمُ مَا نُخۡفِىۡ وَمَا نُعۡلِنُ​ ؕ وَمَا يَخۡفٰى عَلَى اللّٰهِ مِنۡ شَىۡءٍ فِى الۡاَرۡضِ وَلَا فِى السَّمَآءِ‏ 38

(14:38) Our Lord! Surely You know all that we conceal and all that we reveal,51 and nothing in the earth or in the heaven is hidden from Allah.52
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Exp. note 51:

51. That is, Lord: You hear what I utter with my tongue and also has full knowledge of my thoughts and feelings.
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Surah Ghaafir (surah Al-Mu’min) 19:

(This surah has two names i.e. Ghaafir and Al-Mu’min.)

يَعۡلَمُ خَآٮِٕنَةَ الۡاَعۡيُنِ وَمَا تُخۡفِى الصُّدُوۡرُ‏ 19

(40:19) He knows even the most stealthy glance of the eyes and all the secrets that hearts conceal. 
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Tafseer Ibn Kathir explains this verse as:

﴿يَعْلَمُ خَآئِنَةَ الاٌّعْيُنِ وَمَا تُخْفِى الصُّدُورُ ﴾

(Allah knows the fraud of the eyes, and all that the breasts conceal.) Allah tells us about His complete knowledge which encompasses all things, great and small, major and minor, so that people will take note that He knows about them and they will have the proper sense of shyness before Allah. They will pay attention to the fact that He can see them, for He knows the fraud of the eyes, even if the eyes look innocent, and He knows what the hearts conceal. Ad-Dahhak said:
﴿خَآئِنَةَ الاٌّعْيُنِ﴾

(the fraud of the eyes,) “A wink and a man saying that he has seen something when he has not seen it, or saying that he has not seen it when he did see it.” Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “Allah knows when the eye looks at something, whether it wants to commit an act of betrayal or not.” This was also the view of Mujahid and Qatadah. Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, commented on the Ayah:

﴿وَمَا تُخْفِى الصُّدُورُ﴾

(and all that the breasts conceal.)”He knows, if you were able to, whether you would commit Zina with a woman or not.” As-Suddi said:
﴿وَمَا تُخْفِى الصُّدُورُ﴾

(and all that the breasts conceal.) meaning, of insinuating whispers.
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We must understand that Allah, The Almighty Creator knows when a person makes intention to commit a crime and then goes to observe the way and path to reach the place and back from it. Then he plans how and when to go to and commit the crime ( for e.g. theft) and also plans his way back from the place of theft. Although he only observed the place with his eyes and made a plan with his heart / mind and thinks that nobody knows about his will to commit the theft, but Allah knows it. It may be that Allah catches him before, or during, or after the crime. Even if Allah lets him go uncaught in this world, but Allah’s servants, the angels have made the record of all that act of the theft and on the day of Judgement he shall suffer the dreadful punishment for it. So fear o’ mankind and watch your looks, hearing, tongue and heart / mind to protect them all from wrong action because you are watched and you have no way of escape from the Judgement!!!

​I think this may be enough to understand the meaning of the Attribute “Aleem.”

 

#God, #Islam,  #Aasmaa-ul-Husna,  #Beautiful Names of God,

 

 

الفتاح

Al-Fattaah ( The Opener):

This word is derived from the root word “fataha” which means opened. The Attribute Al-Fattaah has three meanings:

1. That Allah is The Opener of everything, so Allah opens HIS blessings to whomever He wants. It may be the blessings of knowledge, rizq (sustenance), honor, wealth, high status etc. HE may open one’s heart to the guidance of Islam called sharh’ sadar. Allah may open for a person many blessings related with the benefits of this world as well as of the Deen which will also benefit the person in the HereAfter.

Allah said in surah Faatir verse 2 (translation):

(35:2) Whatever Mercy Allah accords to people, none can withhold; and whatever He withholds, no other will be able to release after Him.4He is Most Mighty, Most Wise.5
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Exp.note 4 and 5:

4. This is also meant to remove the misunderstanding of the polytheists, who believed that from among the servants of Allah, someone gave them the provision, someone the children and someone health to their patients. All these superstitions of shirk are baseless, and the pure truth is just that whatever of mercy reaches the people, reaches to them only through Allah Almighty’s bounty and grace. No one else has the power either to bestow it or to withhold it. This theme has been expressed at many places in the Quran and the Ahadith in different ways so that man may avoid the humiliation of begging at every door and at every shrine and may realize that making or marring of his destiny is in the power of One Allah alone and of none else.

  1. “He is the All-Mighty”: He is dominant and the owner of Sovereignty: none can stop His judgments from being enforced. Also “He is All-Wise”: every act of His is based on wisdom. When He gives somebody something He gives because it is demanded by wisdom, and when He withholds something from somebody, He withholds it because it would be against wisdom to give it.
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(The exp.note makes the meaning very clear. For every problem or need we must knock at the doors of Allah Almighty’s Treasures.!!! We can do it with humble du’aa. Also Umar rAa used to tell people to say astaghfaar in difficult time and times of need. He said that with astaghfaar we knock at that door of Allah’s mercy from which no one returns empty handed.

The 2nd meaning of Al-fattaah is The Giver of victory and decision in this world. Allah said in the first verse of surah Al-Fat-h’:

اِنَّا فَتَحۡنَا لَكَ فَتۡحًا مُّبِيۡنًا ۙ‏ 1

(48:1) (O Prophet), surely We have granted you a clear victory1
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Exp.note 1:

1. When after the treaty of Hudaibiyah, this good news of the victory was announced, the people wondered as to how the treaty could be called a victory. The Muslims did believe in this divine revelation as true on the basis of their faith, but no one could understand what aspect of the victory it had. On hearing this verse, Umar asked: Is it a victory, O Messenger of Allah? The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied: Yes. (lbn Jarir) Another companion came before the Prophet (peace be upon him) and he also put the same question; whereupon the Prophet (peace be upon him) replied: By Him in Whose hand is the life of Muhammad, this indeed is a victory. (Musnad Ahmad, Abu Daud). On arriving at Al-Madinah still another person said to his companions: What sort of a victory is it? We were debarred from the House of Allah; our sacrificial camels also could not go to their right places; the Messenger of Allah had to halt at Hudaibiyah, and in consequence of this truce two of our oppressed brothers (Abu Jandal and Abu Basir) were handed over to their oppressors. When this thing reached the Prophet, he said: A very wrong thing has been uttered, it indeed is a great victory. You reached the very home of the polytheists, and they had to persuade you to go back by soliciting you to perform Umrah the following year. They themselves expressed the desire to suspend hostilities and have peace with you, whereas their malice and enmity against you is too well known. Allah has granted you the upper hand over them. Have you forgotten the day when you were fleeing from Uhud and I was calling you back from behind? Have you forgotten the day when the enemy had descended on us from every side in the battle of the Trench and the hearts were coming up to the throats? (Baihaqi on the authority of Urwah bin Zubair). But not long after this, the truce’s being a victory began to become manifest, and everyone realized that the triumph of Islam had begun with the treaty of Hudaibiyah. Almost one and the same thing has been related from Abdullah bin Masud, Jabir bin Abdullah and Bara bin Azib. They are reported to have said: The people look upon the conquest of Makkah as the victory, but we regard the truce of Hudaibiyah as the real victory. (Bukhari, Muslim, Musnad Ahmad, Ibn Jarir).

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The surah Al-Fat-h’ was revealed at the occasion of the Peace Treaty at Hudebiyyah. That treaty appeared a loss to the companions because of its very oppressive conditions from the kafirs to the Muslims but the Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) had to accept them. Allah informed the Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) that it was a victory for them. After the treaty the Idolaters acted against the conditions of peace. Then Allah opened Makkah for Muhammad salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam by giving him victory/fat-h’ of Makkah in perfect peaceful way! No battle was fought for it.
It also means to decide the case between two parties. Allah Almighty decided the case between Muhammad salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam and the idolators of Makkah by making him victorious. The Prophets alaihim salaam used to pray to Allah for this decision/ judgement. For e.g. Nuh alaihi salaam said, (surah Al-Shu’araa read as Ash-Shu’araa verses 117-118)

قَالَ رَبِّ اِنَّ قَوۡمِىۡ كَذَّبُوۡنِ​117

(26:117) He said: “My Lord! My people have branded me a liar.85

فَافۡتَحۡ بَيۡنِىۡ وَبَيۡنَهُمۡ فَتۡحًا وَّنَجِّنِىۡ وَمَنۡ مَّعِىَ مِنَ الۡمُؤۡمِنِيۡن118

(26:118) So pass a clear judgement between me and them and rescue me and the believers with me.”86
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Then Allah brought the terrible wrath of huge flood in which all kaafirs were drowned and only Nuh alaihi salaam and the believers who were in the Ship with him, were saved.

Also Shu’eb alaihi salaam said, (surah Al-A’raaf 89):

قَدِ افۡتَرَيۡنَا عَلَى اللّٰهِ كَذِبًا اِنۡ عُدۡنَا فِىۡ مِلَّتِكُمۡ بَعۡدَ اِذۡ نَجّٰٮنَا اللّٰهُ مِنۡهَا​ ؕ وَمَا يَكُوۡنُ لَـنَاۤ اَنۡ نَّعُوۡدَ فِيۡهَاۤ اِلَّاۤ اَنۡ يَّشَآءَ اللّٰهُ رَبُّنَا​ ؕ وَسِعَ رَبُّنَا كُلَّ شَىۡءٍ عِلۡمًا​ؕ عَلَى اللّٰهِ تَوَكَّلۡنَا​ ؕ رَبَّنَا افۡتَحۡ بَيۡنَنَا وَبَيۡنَ قَوۡمِنَا بِالۡحَـقِّ وَاَنۡتَ خَيۡرُ الۡفٰتِحِيۡنَ‏ :(7:89)

(7:89) If we return to your faith after Allah has delivered us from it we would be fabricating a lie against Allah. nor can we return to it again unless it be by, the will of Allah, our Lord.73 Our Lord has knowledge of all things, and in Allah we put our trust. Our Lord! Judge rightly between us and our people, for You are the best of those who judge.’
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So Allah killed his kafir nation by a wrath and saved him and his believing followers.

The third meaning is passing judgement in the Hereafter.

In the Hereafter Allah will pass judgement between Prophets and their nations and between awliaa and their enemies. For e.g. Allah Almighty said in surah Sabaa 26:

قُلۡ يَجۡمَعُ بَيۡنَـنَا رَبُّنَا ثُمَّ يَفۡتَحُ بَيۡنَـنَا بِالۡحَـقِّ ؕ وَهُوَ الۡـفَتَّاحُ الۡعَلِيۡمُ‏

34:26

(34:26) Say: “Our Lord will bring us together and then He will rightly judge between us. He is the Great Judge, the All-Knowing.”45
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So on the Day of Judgement Allah will pass Judgement which will reward the truthful and punish the liar.

We must also pray to the Al-Fattaah to decide the case between the Muslims and the kafirs of the present time, aameen.

قٰلَ رَبِّ احۡكُمۡ بِالۡحَـقِّ​ؕ وَرَبُّنَا الرَّحۡمٰنُ الۡمُسۡتَعَانُ عَلٰى مَا تَصِفُوۡنَ :(21:112)

(21:112) The Messenger said: “My Lord! Judge with truth. Our Compassionate Lord alone is our support against your (blasphemous) utterances.”

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الرزاق

Al-Razzaaq (Ar-Razzaaq)

( The Giver of sustenance)

In other words Al-Razzaaq (read as Ar-Razzaaq) is The Supreme Being Who provides you (and us all) the sustenance that you (and we) need.

Allah Almighty may increase the provision to whom HE likes and may decrease to whom HE likes while to others Allah may provide abundantly without measure. This is because Allah is Aleemun-Qadeer i.e. Allah is All-Knowing and Powerful. So Allah’s decision of provision to everyone is based on HIS perfect knowledge and wisdom and it is to test mankind. We are tested with wealth and poverty to make a record of our patience and our gratitude to Allah in different circumstances.

This Quality of Allah Almighty has come in many verses of the Holy Quraan. These verses mention all types of provision as stated above. Some of them are here:

Surah Al-Dhariyaat 58:

اِنَّ اللّٰهَ هُوَ الرَّزَّاقُ ذُو الۡقُوَّةِ الۡمَتِيۡنُ‏ 58

(51:58) Surely Allah is the Bestower of all provision, the Lord of all power, the Strong.55

Surah Al-Jumu’a 11:
وَاِذَا رَاَوۡا تِجَارَةً اَوۡ لَهۡوَا۟ اۨنْفَضُّوۡۤا اِلَيۡهَا وَتَرَكُوۡكَ قَآٮِٕمًا​ ؕ قُلۡ مَا عِنۡدَ اللّٰهِ خَيۡرٌ مِّنَ اللَّهۡوِ وَمِنَ التِّجَارَةِ​ ؕ وَاللّٰهُ خَيۡرُ الرّٰزِقِيۡنَ 11

 

(62:11) Yet no sooner than they saw some trading or amusement, they flocked to it and left you standing by yourself.19 Tell them: “That which is with Allah is far better than amusement and trading.20 Allah is the Best Provider of sustenance.”21
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Exp. note 21:

21. That is, Allah is by far the best of all those providers who become a means of providing sustenance in the world, though only metaphorically. Sentences such as this have occurred at several places in the Quran, At some places Allah has been called the best of Creators, at others the best of Forgivers, the best of Rulers, the best of those who show mercy, or the best of Helpers. At all these places the reference of providing, creating, forgiving, showing mercy and offering help to the creatures is metaphorical, and Allah is the real Creator, Sustainer …. It means that Allah is the best Provider, Creator, Forgiver, Helper and Bestower of Mercy of all those who appear to be giving you wages and means of sustenance, or who appear to be making things by their skill and workmanship, or who seem to be pardoning the errors of others, or showing mercy and helping others in this world.

Surah Al-Ankaboot 60:

وَكَاَيِّنۡ مِّنۡ دَآبَّةٍ لَّا تَحۡمِلُ رِزۡقَهَا ۖ اللّٰهُ يَرۡزُقُهَا وَاِيَّاكُمۡ​​ۖوَهُوَ السَّمِيۡعُ الۡعَلِيۡمُ‏ 60

(29:60) How many an animal there is that does not carry about its sustenance. Allah provides sustenance to them and to you. He is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.99

Surah Al-Baqarah 212 (translation only):

 

(2:212) Worldly life has been made attractive to those who have denied the Truth. Such men deride the men of faith, but the pious shall rank higher than them on the Day of Resurrection. As for worldly livelihood, Allah grants it to whomsoever He wills without measure. 

Surah Al-Israa 30

اِنَّ رَبَّكَ يَبۡسُطُ الرِّزۡقَ لِمَنۡ يَّشَآءُ وَيَقۡدِرُ​ؕ اِنَّهٗ كَانَ بِعِبَادِهٖ خَبِيۡرًۢا بَصِيۡرًا‏ 30

(17:30) Certainly Your Lord makes plentiful the provision of whomsoever He wills and straitens it for whomsoever He wills. He is well-aware and is fully observant of all that relates to His servants.30
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Exp. note 30:

  1. That is, man cannot realize the wisdom of the disparity of wealth among the people. Therefore, man should not try to interfere by artificial means with the natural distribution of wealth. It is wrong to level down natural inequality or to aggravate it by artificial means so as to make it unjust. Both the extremes are wrong. The best economic system is that which is established on the divine Way of the division of wealth.

As a result of the realization of the wisdom of economic disparity, no such problems arose which might have made that disparity an evil in itself so as to demand the creation of a classless society. On the contrary, in the righteous society established at Al-Madinah on these divine principles which are akin to human nature, the economic differences were not artificially disturbed. But by means of moral and legal reforms these became the means of many moral, spiritual and cultural blessings and benefits instead of becoming the means of injustice. Thus, the wisdom of the disparity created by the Creator of the Universe was practically demonstrated at Al-Madinah.
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Allah is The Only Raaziq (The Provider of sustenance). If Allah withholds someone’s rizq (sustenance) then no one can give him rizq. Allah said in surah Al-Mulk verse 21:

اَمَّنۡ هٰذَا الَّذِىۡ يَرۡزُقُكُمۡ اِنۡ اَمۡسَكَ رِزۡقَهٗ​ ۚ بَلۡ لَّجُّوۡا فِىۡ عُتُوٍّ وَّنُفُوۡرٍ‏ 21

(67:21) Who shall provide for you if He withholds His sustenance? Nay; but they persist in rebellion and aversion.
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Allah has placed our sustenance in the earth. The earth is a store of treasures for us. Everyone has to work and struggle for getting his rizq. Again for the struggle we need the means. Allah said in surah Al-Mulk verse 15:

هُوَ الَّذِىۡ جَعَلَ لَـكُمُ الۡاَرۡضَ ذَلُوۡلًا فَامۡشُوۡا فِىۡ مَنَاكِبِهَا وَكُلُوۡا مِنۡ رِّزۡقِهٖ​ؕ وَاِلَيۡهِ النُّشُوۡرُ‏ 15

(67:15). He it is Who made the earth subservient to you. So traverse in its tracks and partake of the sustenance23 He has provided. To Him will you be resurrected.24
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Exp. notes 23 and 24:

23 That is, this earth has not become subdued for you of its own accord, and the provisions also that you are eating have not become available here by themselves, but Allah has so arranged it by His wisdom and power that your life became possible here and this splendid globe became so peaceful that you are moving about on it with full peace of mind, and it has become such a vast table spread with food that it contains endless and limitless provisions for your sustenance. If you are not lost in heedlessness and look about yourself intelligently, you will find how much wisdom underlies in the making of this earth habitable for you and arranging in it immeasurable stores of provisions for you. (For explanation, see (E.Ns 73, 74, 81 of Surah An-Naml); (E.Ns 29, 32 of Surah YaSeen); (E.Ns 90, 91 of Al-Mu’min), (E.N. 7 of Surah Az-Zukhruf), (E.N. 7 of Surah Al-Jathiyah), (E.N. 18 of Surah Qaf).

  1. That is, while you move about on the earth and eat of what Allah has provided for you here, you should not forget that ultimately you have to appear before God one day.
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    Then while struggling we have to trust Allah, the Al-Razzaaq, Dhul-Quwwatil-Mateen ( The Owner of tremendous Power). We cannot explain Allah’s power in our words! The Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) gave us an example of birds and said: “If you have trust in Allah you will get sustenance like birds. They fly out in the morning empty stomach, find rizq and come back in the evening full stomach”.
    [Allah knows best the words of HIS Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him)].

We can see that birds fly and try to find sustenance and Allah gives them sustenance even if it is raining or snowing. So we must work hard to get lawful sustenance. If a Muslim died while struggling to get lawful (halaal) rizq, he/she becomes Shaheed of 2nd degree. 

We also must make du’aa and say astaghfaar for getting good halaal rizq. The Prophet Muhammad (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) used to recite surah Al-Waaqiyah after maghrib prayer and has informed us that by reading this surah after maghrib prayer, the reader will not be in difficulty concerning his rizq. He will be (insha-Allah), free from debth. Allah knows best the Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him)’s words. I read it somewhere in the tafseer of the Holy Qur’aan, perhaps in the tafseer of surah Al-Waqiyah. 

#Allah  #Muslim  #Mankind   #provision  #zerotohero

الوهاب

Al-Wahhaab

(The Bestower of bounties)

It comes from the word “wahaba” which means he gave ( gave a gift)—to give –to bestow. Allah is The Giver of blessings and bounties, The Bestower of what HE wants and to whom HE wants. The specificity of this Attribute of Allah is that Allah, when HE wants and to whomever HE wants gives even before his/her asking for it, and gives without any price for it. This Attribute has come in the following verses of the Holy Qur’aan:

Surah Aali-Imraan verse  8with translation:

رَبَّنَا لَا تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا وَهَبْ لَنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ رَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْوَهَّابُ – 3:8
(3:8) )They pray to Allah(: ‘Our Lord! Do not let our hearts swerve towards crookedness after You have guided us to the right way, and. bestow upon us Your mercy. Surely You, only You, are the Munificent Giver!

Surah Saad verse 9:

اَمۡ عِنۡدَهُمۡ خَزَآٮِٕنُ رَحۡمَةِ رَبِّكَ الۡعَزِيۡزِ الۡوَهَّابِ​ۚ‏ 9

(38:9) Do they possess the treasures of your Lord, the Most Mighty, the Great Bestower? 

Surah saad verse 35:

قَالَ رَبِّ اغۡفِرۡ لِىۡ وَهَبۡ لِىۡ مُلۡكًا لَّا يَنۡۢبَغِىۡ لِاَحَدٍ مِّنۡۢ بَعۡدِىۡ​ , اِنَّكَ اَنۡتَ الۡوَهَّابُ‏ 35

(38:35) He said: “My Lord, forgive me and bestow upon me a kingdom such as none other after me will deserve. Surely You are the Bounteous Giver.”36
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Special favours on the Prophets alaihim salaam: 

In the verse 35 of surah Saad there is the du’aa (supplication ) of Solaimaan alaihi salaam which was accepted By Allah The Al-Wahhaab Who then gave to Solaimaan alaihi salaam a unique type of kingdom in which he ruled on mankind. Jinn kind, birds/animals and on wind.

Allah is The Owner of the treasures of the heavens and the earth. If HE gives to all of the Jinn and mankind from the beginning of the world to the end, no deficiency will happen in HIS treasures.

Allah gave lots of blessings to HIS prophets. For e.g. Allah said in surah Maryam verse 50 about Ibraheem, Is-haaq and Yaqoob alaihim salaam (English translation of the verse is ):

(19:50) and We bestowed on them Our mercy, and granted them a truly lofty renown.28
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About Musa alaihi salaam, Allah said in surah Maryam verse 53, (English translation):

(19:53) and out of Our mercy We appointed his brother Aaron, a Prophet (that he may assist him).
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About Ayoob alaihi salaam Allah Almighty said in surah Saad 43, Its English translation is:

(38:43) And We granted to him his family and also the like of them,44 as a mercy from Us, and as a reminder to people of understanding,45
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Zakariyya alaihi salaam prayed to Allah to give him a child. Allah Almighty accepted his du’aa (prayer) and gave him Yahya alaihi salaam. Allah said in surah Al-Anbiyaa 90, (Its Engish translarion is):

(21:89) And We bestowed favour upon Zechariah, when he cried to his Lord: “Lord! Leave me not solitary (without any heir). You are the Best Inheritor.” 

(21:90) So We accepted his prayer and bestowed upon him John, and We made his wife fit86 (to bear a child). Verily they hastened in doing good works and called upon Us with longing and fear, and humbled themselves to Us.87
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His wife had sterility, Allah gave her normal health and fertility in that very old age to produce a baby.

Giving gifts to common people:

Allah said in surah Al- Shura (read as Ash-Shura) verses 49—50 (The English translation is );

((42:49) The dominion of the heavens and the earth belongs to Allah.76 He creates whatever He pleases. He grants females to whomever He pleases and males to whomever He pleases, 

(42:50) or grants them a mix of males and females, and causes whomever He pleases to be barren. He is All- Knowing, All-Powerful.77
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Exp. note 77:

77. This is a manifest proof of Allah’s Sovereignty being absolute. No man, whether he be posing as owner of the highest worldly authority, or regarded as owner of great spiritual powers, has ever been able to produce children for himself according to his own choice and desire, not to speak of providing children for others. The one whom Allah made barren could not have children through any medicine, any treatment, any amulet or charm. The one whom Allah gave only daughters could not get a single son by any device, and the one whom Allah gave only sons could not have a single daughter by any means. In this matter everyone is absolutely helpless. Even after seeing all this if some one posed to be all-powerful in God’s kingdom, or regarded another as a possessor of the powers, it would be his own shortsightedness for which he himself will suffer, the truth will not change at all.
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Our du’aa as given in surah Al-Furqaan:

وَالَّذِيۡنَ يَقُوۡلُوۡنَ رَبَّنَا هَبۡ لَـنَا مِنۡ اَزۡوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيّٰتِنَا قُرَّةَ اَعۡيُنٍ وَّاجۡعَلۡنَا لِلۡمُتَّقِيۡنَ اِمَامًا‏ 74

(25:74) who are prone to pray: “Our Lord! Grant us that our spouses and our offspring be a joy to our eyes,92 and do make us the leaders of the God-fearing.”93
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We must always be hopeful and pray to Allah. Zakariya alaihi salaam was given a son namely Yahya (John) alaihi salam when he and his wife were both very old. Also his wife was infertile. Ibraheem alaihi salaam was given Is-haaq alaihi salaam when he was 100 years old and his wife was 99 years old!

Allah Almighty bestowed lots of gifts and blessings on the Ummah of Muhammad salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam. A scholar said on you tube during his speech, that we have a life better than the kings of the past. In the past it was difficult for a king to get cool water. They had to put water in leather/skin container underground to make it cool. So, if not in quantity but certainly, in quality, our life is much better. Now we have refrigerators to get cool water. We have elevators, cars, escalators, trains, air planes. We have shower in our houses and get cool or warm water as we like. Many blessings like this are in our service. Allah gave us all of such blessings without our asking for them. Even people couldn’t imagine such blessings as we have now. All of these blessings are due to the Al-Wahhaab attribute of Allah. We must pay lots of thanks to Allah for these blessings and our thanks must be both orally and practically. We must help poor and needy people to pay practical thanks to Allah. We must also celebrate the praises of Allah and must worship HIM day and night.

القهار

Al-Qahhaar ( The Dominant, The Subduer, The Omnipotent, The Irresistible )

Allah is The Owner of Absolute Power. No one can stop HIM from enforcing HIS Will. None can frustrate HIM. If HE wants to make a day longer, no one can stop this action of HIM. If Allah decrees the destruction of a nation, no one can protect that nation from destruction. Allah finally destroys the cruel Pharaoh’s and whenever Allah ordains their ruin, they get ruined and none can protect them. We must fear Allah’s Anger and must always try to obey Allah and Allah’s Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) as well as we must frequently say astaghfirullah for the forgiveness of our sins. Allah takes revenge from those who are arrogant to HIM and those who harm others. All creation is beggar and humble to Allah. They have no power to benefit or harm nor can they bring any good except by the Will and Command of Allah.

This beautiful name of Allah has come in 6 places in the Holy Quraan, those are:

Surah yousuf,

Surah Al-Ra’d (read as Ar-Ra’d)

Surah Ibraheem,

Surah saad,

Surah Al-Zumar (read as Az-Zumar).

Surah Ghaafir (also called Al-Mu’min).

The verses with their English translation are:

Surah Yousuf 39

يٰصَاحِبَىِ السِّجۡنِ ءَاَرۡبَابٌ مُّتَفَرِّقُوۡنَ خَيۡرٌ اَمِ اللّٰهُ الۡوَاحِدُ الۡقَهَّار39

(12:39) Fellow-prisoners! Is it better that there be diverse lords, or just Allah, the One, the Irresistible?

This verse is about the preaching of Yousuf alaihi salaam to the two prisoners in the prison when they wanted from him the meaning of their dreams.
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Surah Al-Ra’d verse 16 (translation only):

(13:16) Ask them: “Who is the Lord of the heavens and the earth?” Say: “Allah.”26 Tell them: “Have you taken beside Him as your patrons those who do not have the power to benefit or to hurt even themselves?” Say: “Can the blind and the seeing be deemed equals?27 Or can light and darkness be deemed equals?”28 If that is not so, then have those whom they associate with Allah in His Divinity ever created anything like what Allah did so that the question of creation has become dubious to them?29 Say: “Allah is the creator of everything. He is the One, the Irresistible.”30
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Surah Ibraheem verse 48—51:

يَوۡمَ تُبَدَّلُ الۡاَرۡضُ غَيۡرَ الۡاَرۡضِ وَالسَّمٰوٰتُ​ وَبَرَزُوۡا لِلّٰهِ الۡوَاحِدِ الۡقَهَّارِ‏ 48

(14:48) (Do warn them of the) Day when the heavens and the earth shall be altogether changed;57 when all will appear fully exposed before Allah, the One, the Irresistible! 

(14:49) On that Day you shall see the guilty ones secured in chains;

(14:50) their garments shall be black58 as if made out of pitch, and flames of the Fire shall cover their faces 

(14:51) so that Allah may requite each person for his deeds. Allah is swift in reckoning. 
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Surah Saad verses 65:

قُلۡ اِنَّمَاۤ اَنَا مُنۡذِرٌ ​​, وَّمَا مِنۡ اِلٰهٍ اِلَّا اللّٰهُ الۡوَاحِدُ الۡقَهَّارُ​65

(38:65) Tell them, (O Prophet):56 “I am nothing but a warner.57 There is no deity but Allah, The One, The Irresistible.
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Surah Al-Zumar ( Az-Zumar) verse 4:

لَوۡ اَرَادَ اللّٰهُ اَنۡ يَّـتَّخِذَ وَلَدًا لَّاصۡطَفٰى مِمَّا يَخۡلُقُ مَا يَشَآءُ​ ۙ سُبۡحٰنَهٗ​ ؕ هُوَ اللّٰهُ الۡوَاحِدُ الۡقَهَّار4

(39:4) If Allah had wanted to take to Himself a son, He could have chosen anyone He wanted out of those whom He creates.8 Glory be to Him (that He should have a son). He is Allah: the One, the Overpowering.9

Exp-note 8—9:

8. That is, it is just impossible that Allah should have begotten a son. The only possibility is that Allah should choose someone for Himself; and whomever He chooses will inevitably be from among the creatures, for everything in the world, apart from Allah, is His creation. Now, evidently, however exalted and chosen a creature might be, it cannot have the position of the offspring. For between the Creator and the created there exists a great disparity of nature and essence and character, and parenthood necessarily demands that there should be the unity of nature and essence between a father and his offspring. Besides, one should also bear in mind the point that the words: “If Allah had intended to take a son, He could have chosen from what He created” themselves give the meaning that Allah has never intended so. Here the object is to impress that not to speak of taking a son, Allah has never even intended so.

9. The following are the arguments by which the doctrine of parenthood has been refuted:

First, that Allah is free from every defect and fault and weakness. Obviously, children are needed by the one who is defective and weak. The one who is mortal and stands in need of them, so that his progeny should continue to live after him in the world. Likewise, he who adopts a son does so either because he feels the need of having an heir, being childless himself, or he adopts a son being overpowered by love of somebody. Attributing such human weaknesses to Allah and forming religious creeds on their basis is nothing but ignorance and shortsightedness.

The second argument is that Allah in His essence and Being is unique. He is not a member of a species, whereas, evidently, offspring must necessarily belong to a species. Furthermore, there can be no concept of offspring without marriage, and marriage can take place only between homogeneous individuals. Therefore, the one who proposes offspring for the Unique and Matchless Being like Allah, is ignorant and foolish.

The third argument is that Allah is Omnipotent, i.e. whatever is there in the world is subdued to Him and is held in His powerful grasp. No one in this Universe has any resemblance with Him in any way or degree on account of which it may be imagined that he has a relation with Allah.
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Surah Ghaafir verses 16—17: (Another name of this surah is Al-Mu’min) Here is the translation of the two verses with the exp. note 27.

(40:16) the Day when they will emerge and nothing of them shall be hidden from Allah. (On that Day they will be asked): “Whose is the kingdom today?”27 (The whole world will cry out): “It is Allah’s, the One, the Overpowering.” 

Exp-note 27:

27. That is, though in the world many vain and selfconceited people publicly proclaimed to be the kings and sovereigns, whose, in fact, is the Kingdom today? Who is the Owner of the powers and authority and Whose is the command? If a person hears these words in his right senses, he will be filled with terror, no matter how mighty a king or dictator he might be posing himself to be, and will immediately come to his senses. Here the mention of an historical event will not be out of place. When the Samanid ruler, Nasr bin Ahmad (301-331 A.H.), entered Nishapur, he held a court and after ascending the throne desired that the proceedings be started with recitation from the Quran. At this an elderly pious man came forward and recited this very section of this Surah. When he came to this verse, Nasr was struck with awe; he descended the throne trembling, took off the crown and fell down in prostration, saying: O my Lord, Kingdom is Thine, not mine!

 

(40:17) (It will then be said): “Today shall everyone be fully recompensed for his deeds. None shall be wronged today.28 Surely Allah is Swift in Reckoning.”29
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I have posted a few verses in Arabic which have the name Al-Qahhaar. Some more verses which I posted, were  to understand the text and I posted them when needed. Please note it that in all of the 6 places “Al-Qahhaar and Al-Waahid (The One) “ are mentioned together. This indicates that the Tawheed (Faith in the absolute Oneness of Allah is extremely important to protect ourselves from the anger and punishment of The Irresistible God— Allah Almighty. Man, a weak creation, should not confront The Omnipotent God.

I also posted some of the exp-notes as it seemed to me necessary for full understanding.

 

#King  #Ruler  #God The True  Sovereign