Month: August 2019

الفتاح

Al-Fattaah ( The Opener):

This word is derived from the root word “fataha” which means opened. The Attribute Al-Fattaah has three meanings:

1. That Allah is The Opener of everything, so Allah opens HIS blessings to whomever He wants. It may be the blessings of knowledge, rizq (sustenance), honor, wealth, high status etc. HE may open one’s heart to the guidance of Islam called sharh’ sadar. Allah may open for a person many blessings related with the benefits of this world as well as of the Deen which will also benefit the person in the HereAfter.

Allah said in surah Faatir verse 2 (translation):

(35:2) Whatever Mercy Allah accords to people, none can withhold; and whatever He withholds, no other will be able to release after Him.4He is Most Mighty, Most Wise.5
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Exp.note 4 and 5:

4. This is also meant to remove the misunderstanding of the polytheists, who believed that from among the servants of Allah, someone gave them the provision, someone the children and someone health to their patients. All these superstitions of shirk are baseless, and the pure truth is just that whatever of mercy reaches the people, reaches to them only through Allah Almighty’s bounty and grace. No one else has the power either to bestow it or to withhold it. This theme has been expressed at many places in the Quran and the Ahadith in different ways so that man may avoid the humiliation of begging at every door and at every shrine and may realize that making or marring of his destiny is in the power of One Allah alone and of none else.

  1. “He is the All-Mighty”: He is dominant and the owner of Sovereignty: none can stop His judgments from being enforced. Also “He is All-Wise”: every act of His is based on wisdom. When He gives somebody something He gives because it is demanded by wisdom, and when He withholds something from somebody, He withholds it because it would be against wisdom to give it.
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(The exp.note makes the meaning very clear. For every problem or need we must knock at the doors of Allah Almighty’s Treasures.!!! We can do it with humble du’aa. Also Umar rAa used to tell people to say astaghfaar in difficult time and times of need. He said that with astaghfaar we knock at that door of Allah’s mercy from which no one returns empty handed.

The 2nd meaning of Al-fattaah is The Giver of victory and decision in this world. Allah said in the first verse of surah Al-Fat-h’:

اِنَّا فَتَحۡنَا لَكَ فَتۡحًا مُّبِيۡنًا ۙ‏ 1

(48:1) (O Prophet), surely We have granted you a clear victory1
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Exp.note 1:

1. When after the treaty of Hudaibiyah, this good news of the victory was announced, the people wondered as to how the treaty could be called a victory. The Muslims did believe in this divine revelation as true on the basis of their faith, but no one could understand what aspect of the victory it had. On hearing this verse, Umar asked: Is it a victory, O Messenger of Allah? The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied: Yes. (lbn Jarir) Another companion came before the Prophet (peace be upon him) and he also put the same question; whereupon the Prophet (peace be upon him) replied: By Him in Whose hand is the life of Muhammad, this indeed is a victory. (Musnad Ahmad, Abu Daud). On arriving at Al-Madinah still another person said to his companions: What sort of a victory is it? We were debarred from the House of Allah; our sacrificial camels also could not go to their right places; the Messenger of Allah had to halt at Hudaibiyah, and in consequence of this truce two of our oppressed brothers (Abu Jandal and Abu Basir) were handed over to their oppressors. When this thing reached the Prophet, he said: A very wrong thing has been uttered, it indeed is a great victory. You reached the very home of the polytheists, and they had to persuade you to go back by soliciting you to perform Umrah the following year. They themselves expressed the desire to suspend hostilities and have peace with you, whereas their malice and enmity against you is too well known. Allah has granted you the upper hand over them. Have you forgotten the day when you were fleeing from Uhud and I was calling you back from behind? Have you forgotten the day when the enemy had descended on us from every side in the battle of the Trench and the hearts were coming up to the throats? (Baihaqi on the authority of Urwah bin Zubair). But not long after this, the truce’s being a victory began to become manifest, and everyone realized that the triumph of Islam had begun with the treaty of Hudaibiyah. Almost one and the same thing has been related from Abdullah bin Masud, Jabir bin Abdullah and Bara bin Azib. They are reported to have said: The people look upon the conquest of Makkah as the victory, but we regard the truce of Hudaibiyah as the real victory. (Bukhari, Muslim, Musnad Ahmad, Ibn Jarir).

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The surah Al-Fat-h’ was revealed at the occasion of the Peace Treaty at Hudebiyyah. That treaty appeared a loss to the companions because of its very oppressive conditions from the kafirs to the Muslims but the Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) had to accept them. Allah informed the Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) that it was a victory for them. After the treaty the Idolaters acted against the conditions of peace. Then Allah opened Makkah for Muhammad salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam by giving him victory/fat-h’ of Makkah in perfect peaceful way! No battle was fought for it.
It also means to decide the case between two parties. Allah Almighty decided the case between Muhammad salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam and the idolators of Makkah by making him victorious. The Prophets alaihim salaam used to pray to Allah for this decision/ judgement. For e.g. Nuh alaihi salaam said, (surah Al-Shu’araa read as Ash-Shu’araa verses 117-118)

قَالَ رَبِّ اِنَّ قَوۡمِىۡ كَذَّبُوۡنِ​117

(26:117) He said: “My Lord! My people have branded me a liar.85

فَافۡتَحۡ بَيۡنِىۡ وَبَيۡنَهُمۡ فَتۡحًا وَّنَجِّنِىۡ وَمَنۡ مَّعِىَ مِنَ الۡمُؤۡمِنِيۡن118

(26:118) So pass a clear judgement between me and them and rescue me and the believers with me.”86
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Then Allah brought the terrible wrath of huge flood in which all kaafirs were drowned and only Nuh alaihi salaam and the believers who were in the Ship with him, were saved.

Also Shu’eb alaihi salaam said, (surah Al-A’raaf 89):

قَدِ افۡتَرَيۡنَا عَلَى اللّٰهِ كَذِبًا اِنۡ عُدۡنَا فِىۡ مِلَّتِكُمۡ بَعۡدَ اِذۡ نَجّٰٮنَا اللّٰهُ مِنۡهَا​ ؕ وَمَا يَكُوۡنُ لَـنَاۤ اَنۡ نَّعُوۡدَ فِيۡهَاۤ اِلَّاۤ اَنۡ يَّشَآءَ اللّٰهُ رَبُّنَا​ ؕ وَسِعَ رَبُّنَا كُلَّ شَىۡءٍ عِلۡمًا​ؕ عَلَى اللّٰهِ تَوَكَّلۡنَا​ ؕ رَبَّنَا افۡتَحۡ بَيۡنَنَا وَبَيۡنَ قَوۡمِنَا بِالۡحَـقِّ وَاَنۡتَ خَيۡرُ الۡفٰتِحِيۡنَ‏ :(7:89)

(7:89) If we return to your faith after Allah has delivered us from it we would be fabricating a lie against Allah. nor can we return to it again unless it be by, the will of Allah, our Lord.73 Our Lord has knowledge of all things, and in Allah we put our trust. Our Lord! Judge rightly between us and our people, for You are the best of those who judge.’
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So Allah killed his kafir nation by a wrath and saved him and his believing followers.

The third meaning is passing judgement in the Hereafter.

In the Hereafter Allah will pass judgement between Prophets and their nations and between awliaa and their enemies. For e.g. Allah Almighty said in surah Sabaa 26:

قُلۡ يَجۡمَعُ بَيۡنَـنَا رَبُّنَا ثُمَّ يَفۡتَحُ بَيۡنَـنَا بِالۡحَـقِّ ؕ وَهُوَ الۡـفَتَّاحُ الۡعَلِيۡمُ‏

34:26

(34:26) Say: “Our Lord will bring us together and then He will rightly judge between us. He is the Great Judge, the All-Knowing.”45
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So on the Day of Judgement Allah will pass Judgement which will reward the truthful and punish the liar.

We must also pray to the Al-Fattaah to decide the case between the Muslims and the kafirs of the present time, aameen.

قٰلَ رَبِّ احۡكُمۡ بِالۡحَـقِّ​ؕ وَرَبُّنَا الرَّحۡمٰنُ الۡمُسۡتَعَانُ عَلٰى مَا تَصِفُوۡنَ :(21:112)

(21:112) The Messenger said: “My Lord! Judge with truth. Our Compassionate Lord alone is our support against your (blasphemous) utterances.”

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الرزاق

Al-Razzaaq (Ar-Razzaaq)

( The Giver of sustenance)

In other words Al-Razzaaq (read as Ar-Razzaaq) is The Supreme Being Who provides you (and us all) the sustenance that you (and we) need.

Allah Almighty may increase the provision to whom HE likes and may decrease to whom HE likes while to others Allah may provide abundantly without measure. This is because Allah is Aleemun-Qadeer i.e. Allah is All-Knowing and Powerful. So Allah’s decision of provision to everyone is based on HIS perfect knowledge and wisdom and it is to test mankind. We are tested with wealth and poverty to make a record of our patience and our gratitude to Allah in different circumstances.

This Quality of Allah Almighty has come in many verses of the Holy Quraan. These verses mention all types of provision as stated above. Some of them are here:

Surah Al-Dhariyaat 58:

اِنَّ اللّٰهَ هُوَ الرَّزَّاقُ ذُو الۡقُوَّةِ الۡمَتِيۡنُ‏ 58

(51:58) Surely Allah is the Bestower of all provision, the Lord of all power, the Strong.55

Surah Al-Jumu’a 11:
وَاِذَا رَاَوۡا تِجَارَةً اَوۡ لَهۡوَا۟ اۨنْفَضُّوۡۤا اِلَيۡهَا وَتَرَكُوۡكَ قَآٮِٕمًا​ ؕ قُلۡ مَا عِنۡدَ اللّٰهِ خَيۡرٌ مِّنَ اللَّهۡوِ وَمِنَ التِّجَارَةِ​ ؕ وَاللّٰهُ خَيۡرُ الرّٰزِقِيۡنَ 11

 

(62:11) Yet no sooner than they saw some trading or amusement, they flocked to it and left you standing by yourself.19 Tell them: “That which is with Allah is far better than amusement and trading.20 Allah is the Best Provider of sustenance.”21
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Exp. note 21:

21. That is, Allah is by far the best of all those providers who become a means of providing sustenance in the world, though only metaphorically. Sentences such as this have occurred at several places in the Quran, At some places Allah has been called the best of Creators, at others the best of Forgivers, the best of Rulers, the best of those who show mercy, or the best of Helpers. At all these places the reference of providing, creating, forgiving, showing mercy and offering help to the creatures is metaphorical, and Allah is the real Creator, Sustainer …. It means that Allah is the best Provider, Creator, Forgiver, Helper and Bestower of Mercy of all those who appear to be giving you wages and means of sustenance, or who appear to be making things by their skill and workmanship, or who seem to be pardoning the errors of others, or showing mercy and helping others in this world.

Surah Al-Ankaboot 60:

وَكَاَيِّنۡ مِّنۡ دَآبَّةٍ لَّا تَحۡمِلُ رِزۡقَهَا ۖ اللّٰهُ يَرۡزُقُهَا وَاِيَّاكُمۡ​​ۖوَهُوَ السَّمِيۡعُ الۡعَلِيۡمُ‏ 60

(29:60) How many an animal there is that does not carry about its sustenance. Allah provides sustenance to them and to you. He is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.99

Surah Al-Baqarah 212 (translation only):

 

(2:212) Worldly life has been made attractive to those who have denied the Truth. Such men deride the men of faith, but the pious shall rank higher than them on the Day of Resurrection. As for worldly livelihood, Allah grants it to whomsoever He wills without measure. 

Surah Al-Israa 30

اِنَّ رَبَّكَ يَبۡسُطُ الرِّزۡقَ لِمَنۡ يَّشَآءُ وَيَقۡدِرُ​ؕ اِنَّهٗ كَانَ بِعِبَادِهٖ خَبِيۡرًۢا بَصِيۡرًا‏ 30

(17:30) Certainly Your Lord makes plentiful the provision of whomsoever He wills and straitens it for whomsoever He wills. He is well-aware and is fully observant of all that relates to His servants.30
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Exp. note 30:

  1. That is, man cannot realize the wisdom of the disparity of wealth among the people. Therefore, man should not try to interfere by artificial means with the natural distribution of wealth. It is wrong to level down natural inequality or to aggravate it by artificial means so as to make it unjust. Both the extremes are wrong. The best economic system is that which is established on the divine Way of the division of wealth.

As a result of the realization of the wisdom of economic disparity, no such problems arose which might have made that disparity an evil in itself so as to demand the creation of a classless society. On the contrary, in the righteous society established at Al-Madinah on these divine principles which are akin to human nature, the economic differences were not artificially disturbed. But by means of moral and legal reforms these became the means of many moral, spiritual and cultural blessings and benefits instead of becoming the means of injustice. Thus, the wisdom of the disparity created by the Creator of the Universe was practically demonstrated at Al-Madinah.
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Allah is The Only Raaziq (The Provider of sustenance). If Allah withholds someone’s rizq (sustenance) then no one can give him rizq. Allah said in surah Al-Mulk verse 21:

اَمَّنۡ هٰذَا الَّذِىۡ يَرۡزُقُكُمۡ اِنۡ اَمۡسَكَ رِزۡقَهٗ​ ۚ بَلۡ لَّجُّوۡا فِىۡ عُتُوٍّ وَّنُفُوۡرٍ‏ 21

(67:21) Who shall provide for you if He withholds His sustenance? Nay; but they persist in rebellion and aversion.
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Allah has placed our sustenance in the earth. The earth is a store of treasures for us. Everyone has to work and struggle for getting his rizq. Again for the struggle we need the means. Allah said in surah Al-Mulk verse 15:

هُوَ الَّذِىۡ جَعَلَ لَـكُمُ الۡاَرۡضَ ذَلُوۡلًا فَامۡشُوۡا فِىۡ مَنَاكِبِهَا وَكُلُوۡا مِنۡ رِّزۡقِهٖ​ؕ وَاِلَيۡهِ النُّشُوۡرُ‏ 15

(67:15). He it is Who made the earth subservient to you. So traverse in its tracks and partake of the sustenance23 He has provided. To Him will you be resurrected.24
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Exp. notes 23 and 24:

23 That is, this earth has not become subdued for you of its own accord, and the provisions also that you are eating have not become available here by themselves, but Allah has so arranged it by His wisdom and power that your life became possible here and this splendid globe became so peaceful that you are moving about on it with full peace of mind, and it has become such a vast table spread with food that it contains endless and limitless provisions for your sustenance. If you are not lost in heedlessness and look about yourself intelligently, you will find how much wisdom underlies in the making of this earth habitable for you and arranging in it immeasurable stores of provisions for you. (For explanation, see (E.Ns 73, 74, 81 of Surah An-Naml); (E.Ns 29, 32 of Surah YaSeen); (E.Ns 90, 91 of Al-Mu’min), (E.N. 7 of Surah Az-Zukhruf), (E.N. 7 of Surah Al-Jathiyah), (E.N. 18 of Surah Qaf).

  1. That is, while you move about on the earth and eat of what Allah has provided for you here, you should not forget that ultimately you have to appear before God one day.
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    Then while struggling we have to trust Allah, the Al-Razzaaq, Dhul-Quwwatil-Mateen ( The Owner of tremendous Power). We cannot explain Allah’s power in our words! The Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) gave us an example of birds and said: “If you have trust in Allah you will get sustenance like birds. They fly out in the morning empty stomach, find rizq and come back in the evening full stomach”.
    [Allah knows best the words of HIS Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him)].

We can see that birds fly and try to find sustenance and Allah gives them sustenance even if it is raining or snowing. So we must work hard to get lawful sustenance. If a Muslim died while struggling to get lawful (halaal) rizq, he/she becomes Shaheed of 2nd degree. 

We also must make du’aa and say astaghfaar for getting good halaal rizq. The Prophet Muhammad (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) used to recite surah Al-Waaqiyah after maghrib prayer and has informed us that by reading this surah after maghrib prayer, the reader will not be in difficulty concerning his rizq. He will be (insha-Allah), free from debth. Allah knows best the Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him)’s words. I read it somewhere in the tafseer of the Holy Qur’aan, perhaps in the tafseer of surah Al-Waqiyah. 

#Allah  #Muslim  #Mankind   #provision  #zerotohero

الوهاب

Al-Wahhaab

(The Bestower of bounties)

It comes from the word “wahaba” which means he gave ( gave a gift)—to give –to bestow. Allah is The Giver of blessings and bounties, The Bestower of what HE wants and to whom HE wants. The specificity of this Attribute of Allah is that Allah, when HE wants and to whomever HE wants gives even before his/her asking for it, and gives without any price for it. This Attribute has come in the following verses of the Holy Qur’aan:

Surah Aali-Imraan verse  8with translation:

رَبَّنَا لَا تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا وَهَبْ لَنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ رَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْوَهَّابُ – 3:8
(3:8) )They pray to Allah(: ‘Our Lord! Do not let our hearts swerve towards crookedness after You have guided us to the right way, and. bestow upon us Your mercy. Surely You, only You, are the Munificent Giver!

Surah Saad verse 9:

اَمۡ عِنۡدَهُمۡ خَزَآٮِٕنُ رَحۡمَةِ رَبِّكَ الۡعَزِيۡزِ الۡوَهَّابِ​ۚ‏ 9

(38:9) Do they possess the treasures of your Lord, the Most Mighty, the Great Bestower? 

Surah saad verse 35:

قَالَ رَبِّ اغۡفِرۡ لِىۡ وَهَبۡ لِىۡ مُلۡكًا لَّا يَنۡۢبَغِىۡ لِاَحَدٍ مِّنۡۢ بَعۡدِىۡ​ , اِنَّكَ اَنۡتَ الۡوَهَّابُ‏ 35

(38:35) He said: “My Lord, forgive me and bestow upon me a kingdom such as none other after me will deserve. Surely You are the Bounteous Giver.”36
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Special favours on the Prophets alaihim salaam: 

In the verse 35 of surah Saad there is the du’aa (supplication ) of Solaimaan alaihi salaam which was accepted By Allah The Al-Wahhaab Who then gave to Solaimaan alaihi salaam a unique type of kingdom in which he ruled on mankind. Jinn kind, birds/animals and on wind.

Allah is The Owner of the treasures of the heavens and the earth. If HE gives to all of the Jinn and mankind from the beginning of the world to the end, no deficiency will happen in HIS treasures.

Allah gave lots of blessings to HIS prophets. For e.g. Allah said in surah Maryam verse 50 about Ibraheem, Is-haaq and Yaqoob alaihim salaam (English translation of the verse is ):

(19:50) and We bestowed on them Our mercy, and granted them a truly lofty renown.28
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About Musa alaihi salaam, Allah said in surah Maryam verse 53, (English translation):

(19:53) and out of Our mercy We appointed his brother Aaron, a Prophet (that he may assist him).
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About Ayoob alaihi salaam Allah Almighty said in surah Saad 43, Its English translation is:

(38:43) And We granted to him his family and also the like of them,44 as a mercy from Us, and as a reminder to people of understanding,45
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Zakariyya alaihi salaam prayed to Allah to give him a child. Allah Almighty accepted his du’aa (prayer) and gave him Yahya alaihi salaam. Allah said in surah Al-Anbiyaa 90, (Its Engish translarion is):

(21:89) And We bestowed favour upon Zechariah, when he cried to his Lord: “Lord! Leave me not solitary (without any heir). You are the Best Inheritor.” 

(21:90) So We accepted his prayer and bestowed upon him John, and We made his wife fit86 (to bear a child). Verily they hastened in doing good works and called upon Us with longing and fear, and humbled themselves to Us.87
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His wife had sterility, Allah gave her normal health and fertility in that very old age to produce a baby.

Giving gifts to common people:

Allah said in surah Al- Shura (read as Ash-Shura) verses 49—50 (The English translation is );

((42:49) The dominion of the heavens and the earth belongs to Allah.76 He creates whatever He pleases. He grants females to whomever He pleases and males to whomever He pleases, 

(42:50) or grants them a mix of males and females, and causes whomever He pleases to be barren. He is All- Knowing, All-Powerful.77
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Exp. note 77:

77. This is a manifest proof of Allah’s Sovereignty being absolute. No man, whether he be posing as owner of the highest worldly authority, or regarded as owner of great spiritual powers, has ever been able to produce children for himself according to his own choice and desire, not to speak of providing children for others. The one whom Allah made barren could not have children through any medicine, any treatment, any amulet or charm. The one whom Allah gave only daughters could not get a single son by any device, and the one whom Allah gave only sons could not have a single daughter by any means. In this matter everyone is absolutely helpless. Even after seeing all this if some one posed to be all-powerful in God’s kingdom, or regarded another as a possessor of the powers, it would be his own shortsightedness for which he himself will suffer, the truth will not change at all.
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Our du’aa as given in surah Al-Furqaan:

وَالَّذِيۡنَ يَقُوۡلُوۡنَ رَبَّنَا هَبۡ لَـنَا مِنۡ اَزۡوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيّٰتِنَا قُرَّةَ اَعۡيُنٍ وَّاجۡعَلۡنَا لِلۡمُتَّقِيۡنَ اِمَامًا‏ 74

(25:74) who are prone to pray: “Our Lord! Grant us that our spouses and our offspring be a joy to our eyes,92 and do make us the leaders of the God-fearing.”93
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We must always be hopeful and pray to Allah. Zakariya alaihi salaam was given a son namely Yahya (John) alaihi salam when he and his wife were both very old. Also his wife was infertile. Ibraheem alaihi salaam was given Is-haaq alaihi salaam when he was 100 years old and his wife was 99 years old!

Allah Almighty bestowed lots of gifts and blessings on the Ummah of Muhammad salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam. A scholar said on you tube during his speech, that we have a life better than the kings of the past. In the past it was difficult for a king to get cool water. They had to put water in leather/skin container underground to make it cool. So, if not in quantity but certainly, in quality, our life is much better. Now we have refrigerators to get cool water. We have elevators, cars, escalators, trains, air planes. We have shower in our houses and get cool or warm water as we like. Many blessings like this are in our service. Allah gave us all of such blessings without our asking for them. Even people couldn’t imagine such blessings as we have now. All of these blessings are due to the Al-Wahhaab attribute of Allah. We must pay lots of thanks to Allah for these blessings and our thanks must be both orally and practically. We must help poor and needy people to pay practical thanks to Allah. We must also celebrate the praises of Allah and must worship HIM day and night.

القهار

Al-Qahhaar ( The Dominant, The Subduer, The Omnipotent, The Irresistible )

Allah is The Owner of Absolute Power. No one can stop HIM from enforcing HIS Will. None can frustrate HIM. If HE wants to make a day longer, no one can stop this action of HIM. If Allah decrees the destruction of a nation, no one can protect that nation from destruction. Allah finally destroys the cruel Pharaoh’s and whenever Allah ordains their ruin, they get ruined and none can protect them. We must fear Allah’s Anger and must always try to obey Allah and Allah’s Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) as well as we must frequently say astaghfirullah for the forgiveness of our sins. Allah takes revenge from those who are arrogant to HIM and those who harm others. All creation is beggar and humble to Allah. They have no power to benefit or harm nor can they bring any good except by the Will and Command of Allah.

This beautiful name of Allah has come in 6 places in the Holy Quraan, those are:

Surah yousuf,

Surah Al-Ra’d (read as Ar-Ra’d)

Surah Ibraheem,

Surah saad,

Surah Al-Zumar (read as Az-Zumar).

Surah Ghaafir (also called Al-Mu’min).

The verses with their English translation are:

Surah Yousuf 39

يٰصَاحِبَىِ السِّجۡنِ ءَاَرۡبَابٌ مُّتَفَرِّقُوۡنَ خَيۡرٌ اَمِ اللّٰهُ الۡوَاحِدُ الۡقَهَّار39

(12:39) Fellow-prisoners! Is it better that there be diverse lords, or just Allah, the One, the Irresistible?

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This verse is about the preaching of Yousuf alaihi salaam to the two prisoners in the prison when they wanted from him the meaning of their dreams.

Surah Al-Ra’d verse 16 (translation only):

(13:16) Ask them: “Who is the Lord of the heavens and the earth?” Say: “Allah.”26 Tell them: “Have you taken beside Him as your patrons those who do not have the power to benefit or to hurt even themselves?” Say: “Can the blind and the seeing be deemed equals?27 Or can light and darkness be deemed equals?”28 If that is not so, then have those whom they associate with Allah in His Divinity ever created anything like what Allah did so that the question of creation has become dubious to them?29 Say: “Allah is the creator of everything. He is the One, the Irresistible.”30
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Surah Ibraheem verse 48—51:

يَوۡمَ تُبَدَّلُ الۡاَرۡضُ غَيۡرَ الۡاَرۡضِ وَالسَّمٰوٰتُ​ وَبَرَزُوۡا لِلّٰهِ الۡوَاحِدِ الۡقَهَّارِ‏ 48

(14:48) (Do warn them of the) Day when the heavens and the earth shall be altogether changed;57 when all will appear fully exposed before Allah, the One, the Irresistible! 

(14:49) On that Day you shall see the guilty ones secured in chains;

(14:50) their garments shall be black58 as if made out of pitch, and flames of the Fire shall cover their faces 

(14:51) so that Allah may requite each person for his deeds. Allah is swift in reckoning. 
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Surah Saad verses 65:

قُلۡ اِنَّمَاۤ اَنَا مُنۡذِرٌ ​​, وَّمَا مِنۡ اِلٰهٍ اِلَّا اللّٰهُ الۡوَاحِدُ الۡقَهَّارُ​65

(38:65) Tell them, (O Prophet):56 “I am nothing but a warner.57 There is no deity but Allah, The One, The Irresistible.
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Surah Al-Zumar ( Az-Zumar) verse 4:

لَوۡ اَرَادَ اللّٰهُ اَنۡ يَّـتَّخِذَ وَلَدًا لَّاصۡطَفٰى مِمَّا يَخۡلُقُ مَا يَشَآءُ​ ۙ سُبۡحٰنَهٗ​ ؕ هُوَ اللّٰهُ الۡوَاحِدُ الۡقَهَّار4

(39:4) If Allah had wanted to take to Himself a son, He could have chosen anyone He wanted out of those whom He creates.8 Glory be to Him (that He should have a son). He is Allah: the One, the Overpowering.9

Exp-note 8—9:

8. That is, it is just impossible that Allah should have begotten a son. The only possibility is that Allah should choose someone for Himself; and whomever He chooses will inevitably be from among the creatures, for everything in the world, apart from Allah, is His creation. Now, evidently, however exalted and chosen a creature might be, it cannot have the position of the offspring. For between the Creator and the created there exists a great disparity of nature and essence and character, and parenthood necessarily demands that there should be the unity of nature and essence between a father and his offspring. Besides, one should also bear in mind the point that the words: “If Allah had intended to take a son, He could have chosen from what He created” themselves give the meaning that Allah has never intended so. Here the object is to impress that not to speak of taking a son, Allah has never even intended so.

9. The following are the arguments by which the doctrine of parenthood has been refuted:

First, that Allah is free from every defect and fault and weakness. Obviously, children are needed by the one who is defective and weak. The one who is mortal and stands in need of them, so that his progeny should continue to live after him in the world. Likewise, he who adopts a son does so either because he feels the need of having an heir, being childless himself, or he adopts a son being overpowered by love of somebody. Attributing such human weaknesses to Allah and forming religious creeds on their basis is nothing but ignorance and shortsightedness.

The second argument is that Allah in His essence and Being is unique. He is not a member of a species, whereas, evidently, offspring must necessarily belong to a species. Furthermore, there can be no concept of offspring without marriage, and marriage can take place only between homogeneous individuals. Therefore, the one who proposes offspring for the Unique and Matchless Being like Allah, is ignorant and foolish.

The third argument is that Allah is Omnipotent, i.e. whatever is there in the world is subdued to Him and is held in His powerful grasp. No one in this Universe has any resemblance with Him in any way or degree on account of which it may be imagined that he has a relation with Allah.
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Surah Ghaafir verses 16—17: (Another name of this surah is Al-Mu’min) Here is the translation of the two verses with the exp. note 27.

(40:16) the Day when they will emerge and nothing of them shall be hidden from Allah. (On that Day they will be asked): “Whose is the kingdom today?”27 (The whole world will cry out): “It is Allah’s, the One, the Overpowering.” 

Exp-note 27:

27. That is, though in the world many vain and selfconceited people publicly proclaimed to be the kings and sovereigns, whose, in fact, is the Kingdom today? Who is the Owner of the powers and authority and Whose is the command? If a person hears these words in his right senses, he will be filled with terror, no matter how mighty a king or dictator he might be posing himself to be, and will immediately come to his senses. Here the mention of an historical event will not be out of place. When the Samanid ruler, Nasr bin Ahmad (301-331 A.H.), entered Nishapur, he held a court and after ascending the throne desired that the proceedings be started with recitation from the Quran. At this an elderly pious man came forward and recited this very section of this Surah. When he came to this verse, Nasr was struck with awe; he descended the throne trembling, took off the crown and fell down in prostration, saying: O my Lord, Kingdom is Thine, not mine!

 

(40:17) (It will then be said): “Today shall everyone be fully recompensed for his deeds. None shall be wronged today.28 Surely Allah is Swift in Reckoning.”29
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I have posted a few verses in Arabic which have the name Al-Qahhaar. Some more verses which I posted, were  to understand the text and I posted them when needed. Please note it that in all of the 6 places “Al-Qahhaar and Al-Waahid (The One) “ are mentioned together. This indicates that the Tawheed (Faith in the absolute Oneness of Allah is extremely important to protect ourselves from the anger and punishment of The Irresistible God— Allah Almighty. Man, a weak creation, should not confront The Omnipotent God.

I also posted some of the exp-notes as it seemed to me necessary for full understanding.

 

#King  #Ruler  #God The True  Sovereign

الغفار

Al-Ghaffaar (The Forgiving)

This is the Attribute of Allah due to which Allah forgives the sins of mankind. There are three Attributes related with forgiveness. The other two will be described later insha Allah. These are Ghaafir, Al-ghafoor and Al-Ghaffaar
Ghaafir: The One Who forgives sins.

Al-Ghafoor: The One who forgives a lot of sins.

Al-Ghaffaar: The One Who forgives a lot more sins. We may consider this

Attribute like the superlative degree of the forgiving quality of Allah Almighty.

Allah said in verse 82 of surah Taha:

82. وَاِنِّىۡ لَـغَفَّارٌ لِّمَنۡ تَابَ وَاٰمَنَ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًـا ثُمَّ اهۡتَدٰى‏

Its English translation is:

82. (20:82) But I am indeed Most Forgiving to him who repents and believes and does righteous works and keeps to the Right Way.”60
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The explanation given in the Tafheemul-Qur’aan is:

60. According to this (verse 82), there are four conditions for forgiveness:

(1) Repentance: to refrain from rebellion, disobedience, shirk or disbelief.

(2) Faith: sincere belief in Allah and the Messenger and the Book and the Hereafter.

(3) Righteous works: to do good deeds according to the instructions of Allah and His Messenger.

(4) Guidance: to follow the right way steadfastly and to refrain from straying into any wrong path.
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We must remember that the vast forgiveness of Allah has conditions as you see in the verse 82 of surah Taha. Also we must keep in mind the following verses of surah Al-Nisaa for seeking forgiveness, (When a person turns to Allah for seeking forgiveness, his action is called repentance /tawbah). Also we say the word tawbah to Allah to forgive our sins. The other words are astaghfaar and astaghfirullah.

The verses of surah Al-Nisaa and their English translation is:

اِنَّمَا التَّوۡبَةُ عَلَى اللّٰهِ لِلَّذِيۡنَ يَعۡمَلُوۡنَ السُّوۡٓءَ بِجَهَالَةٍ ثُمَّ يَتُوۡبُوۡنَ مِنۡ قَرِيۡبٍ فَاُولٰٓٮِٕكَ يَتُوۡبُ اللّٰهُ عَلَيۡهِمۡ​ؕ وَكَانَ اللّٰهُ عَلِيۡمًا حَكِيۡمًا‏ 17

(4:17) (And remember that) Allah’s acceptance of repentance is only for those who commit evil out of ignorance and then soon repent. It is towards such persons that Allah turns graciously. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. 

وَلَيۡسَتِ التَّوۡبَةُ لِلَّذِيۡنَ يَعۡمَلُوۡنَ السَّيِّاٰتِ​ ۚ حَتّٰۤى اِذَا حَضَرَ اَحَدَهُمُ الۡمَوۡتُ قَالَ اِنِّىۡ تُبۡتُ الۡـــٰٔنَ وَلَا الَّذِيۡنَ يَمُوۡتُوۡنَ وَهُمۡ كُفَّارٌ ​ؕ اُولٰٓٮِٕكَ اَعۡتَدۡنَا لَهُمۡ عَذَابًا اَ لِيۡمًا‏ 18

(4:18) But of no avail is repentance of those who do evil until death approaches any one of them and then he says: ‘Now I repent.’ Nor is the repentance of those who die in the state of unbelief, of any avail to them. For them We have kept in readiness a painful chastisement.27

Exp-note 27:

27. The Arabic word tawbah means ‘to return, to come back’. A man’s tawbah after he has sinned means that God’s servant, who had turned away from his Master in disobedience, has repented, and has returned to obedience and service. On the other hand, tawbah on the part of God means that the attention of the Master, which had turned away from His erring servant, has once again turned towards him. In this verse, however, God makes it clear that His servants from whom tawbah is acceptable are only those who commit errors inadvertently and out of ignorance. Such persons will always find the door of God open for them whenever they turn to Him in repentance.

But this tawbah is not for those who pile up sin upon sin throughout their lives in sheer indifference to God and who cry for pardon as soon as they see the angel of death approaching. The Prophet (peace be on him) has warned against this attitude in the following words: ‘God accepts the repentance of a slave until the gurgling (of death) begins.’ (Tirmidhi, ‘Da’wat’, 98; Ibn Majah, ‘Zuhd’, 30; Ahmad b. Hanbal, Musnad, vol. 2, pp. 132 and 153, and vol. 3, pp. 425 – Ed.) For when the last leaf of a man’s book of life has been turned, what opportunity remains for a man to return to righteous conduct? Likewise, if a person spends even the very last moment of his life in a state of disbelief and then on the threshold of the Next Life he comes to discover that the facts are quite contrary to what he had imagined, what sense is there for him to seek forgiveness?
(From the commentary of Tafheemul-Qur’aan)
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A scholar said on youtube, in the explanation of Al-Ghaffaar, that for repenting to Allah and asking HIS forgiveness we must:

  1. Correct our intention to repent

2.. We must regret /have feelings of regret on committing the sin

3. Resolution i.e. we must decide not to make the sin again.

4. If a person has hurt someone in words, he must ask his forgiveness, if he has taken unjustly someone’s money or some other thing, then he must return his money or the thing to him. Only then will Allah forgive the sinner.
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The above verses and explanation mean that we must be very careful and serious, trying to protect ourselves from making sins. One shouldn’t think that he can make sins freely because Allah is so much Forgiving and Merciful. No one can deceive Allah. Allah is All-Wise All-Knowing.

If any makes sin due to ignorance or mistake, then as soon as he/she realizes the sin, must regret and repent to Allah for forgiveness. Allah The Al-Ghaffaar will accept his tawbah and will forgive him/her if he/ she didn’t hurt or harm a person.

The scholar on youtube also said that Allah has promised a lot of blessings in this world for those saying “astaghfaar” ( O Allah forgive me……..repeated). He then read a hadeeth of the Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) which is as follows (in English):

The person who says lots of “astaghfaar”, Allah Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala will make a way out for him from each worry, and also a way out for him from each difficulty and trouble; and HE is going to sustain him from a side/ source that he could not expect.

#Allah,  #Islam  #God’s Beautiful Names

المصور

Al-Musawwir (The Bestower of forms and shapes)

It is the attribute of Allah related to the 3rd stage of creation when Allah gives the final shape to a creation/creature. See:

 Allah creates flesh, bones etc. None other than Allah can create these things. Then think about the greatness of the creative ability of Allah. We can see thousands of people all having a face with two eyes, a nose, a mouth, two cheeks… etc. But all faces are so much different that everyone can be recognized separately. Such a vast variety of shapes and forms! Allahu Akbar! Allah is a very Great Unique Creator. See the translation of the verses 64 and 65 of the surah Al-Mu’min (Ghaafir):

(40:64) Allah it is Who made the earth a dwelling place for you and made the sky a canopy, Who shaped you and shaped you exceedingly well and gave you good things as sustenance. That is Allah, your Lord; blessed is Allah, the Lord of the Universe.

 

 (40:65). He is the Ever-Living; there is no deity except Him, so call upon Him, [being] sincere to Him in religion. [All] praise is [due] to Allah, Lord of the worlds.

Surah Aali-Imraan verse 6 (translation only):

(3:6) It is He Who fashions you in the wombs as He wills.4 There is no God but He; the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.

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As Allah alone is the Al-Baaree’ so this is an evidence that only One God Allah is to be worshipped. And as Only Allah is the Al-Musawwir, so it is the evidence that we must make our religion pure to Allah alone. That means we must worship only Allah and we must follow only the Deen of Allah i.e. Islam.

It is only Allah Who brought us all from naught into existence. Therefore, we all must worship and obey only Allah. Then it is worst of the cruelty that idolaters worship others than Allah. Read the translation of the verses 51—54 of the surah Al-Baqarah:

(2:51) And recall when We summoned Moses for a term of forty nights,67 and then you set up the calf as your god in his absence. You indeed committed a grave wrong.

(2:52). Then We forgave you after that so perhaps you would be grateful.

  (2:53).  And [recall] when We gave Moses the Book and criterion that perhaps you would be guided.

(2:54). And [recall] when Moses said to his people, “O my people, indeed you have wronged yourselves by your taking of the calf [for worship]. So repent to your Creator (Al-Baaree’) and kill yourselves. That is best for [all of] you in the sight of your Creator (Al-Baarii’).” Then He accepted your repentance; indeed, He is the Acceptor of repentance, the Merciful.

Exp. Note 70

  1. That is, they should put to death those of their own number who made the calf an object of worship and actually worshipped it.

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Here Allah used the name Al-Baaree’ and ordered the sinners to repent to the Al-Baaree’. In this there is a point to reflect on. It is to make them realize that they are created by Allah so Allah has the right to be worshipped. They wrongfully, worshipped the statue made in the shape of calf, so they must repent to their Creator Allah for the forgiveness of their heinous sin.

Therefore, Allah Subhaanhu prohibited the making /taking pictures of the creation of Allah because in this way straying from the right Path happens and a gate way is opened to idolatery/polytheism. The following are the ahaadiths which came to prohibit the taking of the pictures of the creations of Allaah:

Narrated Abdullah Bin Mas’ood rAa that he heard the Allah’s Messenger salla Allaho alayhi wa sallam saying:

“Indeed, the people who will be most severely punished near Allah on the Day of Resurrection will the picture-makers”

It was narrated that ‘Aishah, the wife of the Prophet [SAW], said: “The people who will be most severely punished on the Day of Resurrection will be those who try to match the creation of Allah.”

(Saheeh Al-Bukhaari and Saheeh Muslim)

 Hadeeth Al-Qudsee:

Narrated by Abu Hurairah rAa from Allah’s Messenger salla Allaho alayhi wa sallam that Allah said, “And who is more wicked than the one who tries to create like My creation, so let them create an atom (a particle) or a grain or a sha’eerah (a rye)”.

Another hadeeth is narrated by Abdullah bin Umar rAa as: The Messenger of Allah said; “Surely those who make these pictures will be punished on the Day of Resurrection, they will be ordered: “make alive (give life to) that which you have created”.

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In this last hadeeth the punishment of the picture-maker will be because he will be ordered to blow soul  into the picture to make it alive like Allah created. The picture-maker will not be able to give life to his picture (that he copied from Allah’s creation) and so he will be punished forever.

These three names are divided into two kinds. Al-Baaree’ is specific for Allah and cannot be applied to anyother being than Allah because Al-Bara’a means to create/produce/invent from something not existing (from naught). This quality belongs only to Allah All-Mighty.

The other two names Al-Khaaliq and Al-Musawwir, if applied in the absolute meanings then only for Allah, If not in the absolute meaning but in limited form then it can be used for people. For e.g. a scientist invented and made a car. Remember that the Real Khaaliq Allah gave him the wisdom and understanding to make a car from the material already created by Allah. He used the wisdom given by Allah and made the car. Therefore, Allah said in the surah Al-Mu’minoon verse 14 (its translation is):

(23:14). Then We made the sperm-drop into a clinging clot, and We made the clot into a lump [of flesh], and We made [from] the lump, bones, and We covered the bones with flesh; then We developed him into another creation. So blessed is Allah, the Best of creators.

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