Month: July 2019


Al-Baarii’ (The Evolver, Maker)

As is clear from the Exp. Note … the creation has three stages. 1. Al-Khaaliq, 2. Al-Baarii’ , 3. Al-Musawwir.

First is the planning and second is the actual making and producing. This second stage comes under the name Al-Baaree’. Third is the Al-Musawwir i.e. giving final shape to the thing or being created. As Allah created everything in a unique way so Al-Baarii’ is only one Allah. This quality of the creation belongs to no one except Allah. For e.g. an engineer makes a building. First he plans and draws a map like thing. Then he actually digs the land and puts the foundation and then makes the whole building. In the end he paints it and gives it its final shape. The engineer, in the very first place, used the material already present as it was created by Allah for the needs of mankind. Then the engineer imitated the shape etc. So he is an imitator. But Allah created everything from nothing. Allah gave to everything and everyone the best assessment, then Allah made /produced it in the best form. And finally Allah gave to everything /everyone the best shape. So: surah Al-Mu’minoom verse 14;

ثُمَّ خَلَقْنَا النُّطْفَةَ عَلَقَةً فَخَلَقْنَا الْعَلَقَةَ مُضْغَةً فَخَلَقْنَا الْمُضْغَةَ عِظَامًا فَكَسَوْنَا الْعِظَامَ لَحْمًا ثُمَّ أَنشَأْنَاهُ خَلْقًا آخَرَ ۚ فَتَبَارَكَ اللَّهُ أَحْسَنُ الْخَالِقِينَ – 23:14

(23:14). Then We made the sperm-drop into a clinging clot, and We made the clot into a lump [of flesh], and We made [from] the lump, bones, and We covered the bones with flesh; then We developed him into another creation. So blessed is Allah, the best of creators.

Allah also gave guidance to everything of the purpose for which it is created. It does not mean that Allah created the creatures /creations slowly step by step. Rather, whatever Allah wants to create just says to it kun (Be) and then it happens according to Allah’s intention and plan of the quality and shape that Allah ordained for it and it is guided. The example of guidance given to all things created by Allah:

Allah created the heart to contract regularly and pump blood to the whole body. So the heart is doing that duty continuously. Also heart knows that during sleep it has to slow down but during running and exercise it has to increase its work of pumping blood especially to the skeletal muscles. But after eating it will increase blood flow to the stomach to digest food. Thus Allah All-Mighty is a very great and Unique Creator.  Allah said in the surah Al-A’raaf verse 11 (its translation is):

(7:11). And We have certainly created you, [O Mankind], and given you [human] form. Then We said to the angels, “Prostrate to Adam”; so they prostrated, except for Iblees. He was not of those who prostrated.


Thus Allah made mankind in the best form to be fit for the high position given to him. Therefore mankind must worship only Allah and obey Him. .

الخالق, الباري, المصور


(The Creator, The Planner of creation)

Al-Baaree’ (The Evolver)

Al-Musawwir (The Bestower of forms and shapes, the Fashioner)

Here is the verse 24 of surah Al-hashr along with its English translation:

هُوَ اللّٰهُ الۡخَـالِـقُ الۡبَارِئُ الۡمُصَوِّرُ​ لَـهُ الۡاَسۡمَآءُ الۡحُسۡنٰى​ؕ يُسَبِّحُ لَهٗ مَا فِى السَّمٰوٰتِ وَالۡاَرۡضِ​ۚ وَهُوَ الۡعَزِيۡزُ الۡحَكِيۡمُ24‏

24. He is Allah, the Creator, the Evolver, the Bestower of Forms (and Colours). To Him belong the Most Beautiful Names: whatever is in the heavens and on earth, does declare His Praises and Glory: and He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.


The other translation of the same verse is:

(59:24) He is Allah, the Planner,44 Executer and Fashioner of creation.45 His are the names most beautiful.46 Whatever is in the heavens and the earth extols His Glory.47 He is the Most Mighty, the Most Wise.48

This verse 24 of surah Al-Hashr has some of the beautiful names of Allah Almighty. For their explanation, I am posting the exp.notes from the Tafheemul Qur’aan.

Exp. note 45:

45. That is, the entire world and everything in it, from the initial plan of its creation till its coming into existence in its final, finished form, is entirely Allah’s work of creation. Nothing has come into existence by itself nor come about accidentally, nor has anyone else the least share in its creation and development. Here, Allah’s act of creation has been described in three separate stages, which take place one after the other.

 First is the stage of khalq, which means to ordain, or to plan. It is like an engineer’s conceiving the design of a building, which he intends to build for a specific purpose and draws out its detailed diagram and model.

The second stage is baar, which actually means to separate, to cut, to split asunder. The Creator has been called Al-baarii in the sense that He enforces the plan He has conceived and brings out the thing from non-existence into existence. It is Analogous to the engineer’s putting marks on the ground of the full measurements of the building according to the plan, digging the foundations, raising the walls and completing all the practical preliminaries of the construction work.

 The third stage is taswir:

 which means to give shape; here it implies giving something its final complete shape.

 In all these three stages there is no resemblance whatever between Allah’s work and human works. None of human plans is such as may not have been derived from previous models and plans. But each of Allah’s plans is, unique and His own original creation. Whatever man makes, he makes it by combining the substances created by Allah. He does not bring anything from nonexistence into existence, but composes and constructs by different methods whatever is present and available. Contrary to this, Allah has brought everything from non-existence into creation, and the substance itself of which He has made the universe is created by Him. Likewise, in the matter of giving shape also man is not the inventor but an imitator, and only a poor imitator. The real Maker of forms and shapes is Allah, Who has given a unique and matchless shape to every species and individual and has never repeated exactly the same shape or form. 


Some more explanation of these names:




Al-Khaaliq (The Creator, The Planner of creation)


The name Al-Khaaliq came at many places in the Holy Quraan. In addition to the verse 24 of the surah Al-Hashr, it came in surah Al-Zumar (Az-Zumar ) verse 62. This name of Allah also came in the unusual big form which is Al-Khallaaq. See the translation of the following verses.

Surah Al-Zumar 62 (translation only):

(39:62). Allah is Al-Khaaliq (the Creator) of all things, and He is, over all things, Disposer of affairs.

Surah Al-Hijr 86 (Translation):

(15:86). Indeed, your Lord – He is Al-Khallaaq-ul-Aleem ( the Great   Creator- the All- Knowing).

Surah Yaseen verse 81 (translation):

(36:81). Is not He who created the heavens and the earth Able to create the likes of them? Why not, and He is Al- Khallaaq-ul-Aleem (the Great Creator- the All- Knowing).


The word al-khalaqa has two meanings: 1. To invent and originate a thing from nothing. That is a thing is invented and originated without its previous existence. For e.g. Allah said in the surah Yaseen verse 71(its translation is):

(36:71). Do they not see that We have created for them from what Our hands have made, grazing livestock, and [then] they are their owners?

 Surah Al-Qamar 49 (translation only ):

(54:49). Indeed, all things We created with predestination.

Surah Al-Anbiyaa verse 104 (translation):

(21:104). The Day when We will fold the heaven like the folding of a [written] sheet for the records. As We began the first creation, We will repeat it. [That is] a promise binding upon Us. Indeed, We will do it.


1.  Al-Khalaqa  is also used in the meaning of “taqdeer. That is to estimate or assess. For e.g. in the verse 17 of the surah Al-Ankabut (its translation is):

(29;17). You only worship, besides Allah, idols, and you produce a falsehood ( i.e. you are simply inventing lies). Indeed, those you worship besides Allah do not possess for you [the power of] provision. So seek from Allah provision and worship Him and be grateful to Him. To Him you will be returned.”


The words used in theArabic text are: وتخلقون إفكا   [(It means:” and you create (invent /produce)lies/falsehood]”. That is why it comes in the Book of Allah:

İn the surah Al-Mu’minoon verse 14 (its translation is):

(23:14). Then We made the sperm-drop into a clinging clot, and We made the clot into a lump [of flesh], and We made [from] the lump, bones, and We covered the bones with flesh; then We developed him into another creation. So blessed is Allah, the best of creators.


The above verse points to other inventors/ producers etc. For e.g. a person makes a car. So he created something but he used materials already present, those are the materials created by Allah. But the One who has the Power and Ability to create from nothing is only the All-Mighty God Allah. An engineer can make a car because Allah gave him the ability, wisdom, and materials to make a car. So he is not an absolute creator. So the “word khalaqa” when used for a man then it means taqdeer i.e. he gives a shape to a thing which is already present, but when it is used for the creation of something completely new without the presence of the like of it then it is only the quality of Allah. As Allah said in the surah Faatir verse 3 (its translation is):

(35:3). O mankind, remember the favor of Allah upon you. Is there any creator other than Allah who provides for you from the heaven and earth? There is no deity except Him, so how are you deluded?         ****************************************************************************************

Surah Luqman verses 10—11(translation only):

(31:10). He created the heavens without pillars that you see and has cast into the earth firmly set mountains, lest it should shift with you, and dispersed therein from every creature. And We sent down rain from the sky and made grow therein [plants] of every noble kind.

(31:11). This is the creation of Allah . So show Me what those other than Him have created. Rather, the wrongdoers are in clear error.


Rather Allah Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala proved the humbleness of all mankind regarding creation. Yes! Allah said in the verses 73 and 74 of the Surah Al-Hajj (their translation is):

(22:73). O people, an example is presented, so listen to it. Indeed, those you invoke besides Allah will never create [as much as] a fly, even if they gathered together for that purpose. And if the fly should steal away from them a [tiny] thing, they could not recover it from him. Weak are the pursuer and pursued.

(22:74).They have not appraised Allah with true appraisal. Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might.


Then the creation of the whole universe and all the creatures is not useless and purposeless. We are not here for playing and passing time. Allah  Ta’ala is High above such usless actions. So the creation of the universe is purposeful and has a very good purpose. Allah said in surah Al-Anbiyaa 16—18 and Al-Mu,minoon 115–116 (their translation is here):

Surah Al-Anbiyaa verses 16—18:

(21:16). And We did not create the heaven and earth and that between them in play.

(21:17) Had it been Our will to find a pastime, We would have found one near at hand; if at all We were inclined to do so.


(21:18) Nay, We hurl the Truth at falsehood so that the Truth crushes falsehood, and lo! it vanishes. Woe to you for what you utter!

Surah Al-Mu’minoon verses 115—116:

(23:115). Then did you think that We created you uselessly and that to Us you would not be returned?”

(23:116). So exalted is Allah, the Sovereign, the Truth; there is no deity except Him, Lord of the Noble Throne.


Allah All-Mighty God has created us all to worship Him.The proof of this is found in the surah Al-Dhariyaat verse 56 (its translation is):

(51:56). And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.


It is frequently mentioned in the verses of the Holy Quraan that the unbelivers confess that only Allah is the Creator, Sustainer and the Bestower of blessings. Thus only Allah has the status and right to be worshipped. So it is obligated on people to worship only One Allah and to follow Allah’s Deen (Religion Islam) sincerely. Allah said in the verse 61 of the surah Al-Ankabut (translation only):  

(29:61). If you asked them, “Who created the heavens and earth and subjected the sun and the moon?” they would surely say, ” Allah .” Then how are they deluded?

Also in surah Luqmaan verse 25 (translation):

(31:25). And if you asked them, “Who created the heavens and earth?” they would surely say, ” Allah .” Say, “[All] praise is [due] to Allah “; but most of them do not know.

Surah Al-Room (Ar-Room) 40 (translation):

(30:40). Allah is the one who created you, then provided for you, then will cause you to die, and then will give you life. Are there any of your “partners” who does anything of that? Exalted is He and high above what they associate with Him.


In this verse Allah first reminded that Allah is that One Who created you and provided you sustenance, then He gives you death and then will give you life again. Is there any from your (false gods, statues etc. whom you ) associate (with Allah) who does anything from these acts? Without any doubt the answer will be “No”. That is none of their false deities can do any of these acts. So in the last part of the verse Allah says:… “Exalted is He and high above what they associate with Him”.  

Allah said in the surah Al-Mu’minoon verses 84—-89 (their translation is):

(23:84). Say, [O Muhammad], “To whom belongs the earth and whoever is in it, if you should know?”

(23:85). They will say, “To Allah .” Say, “Then will you not remember?”

(23:86). Say, “Who is Lord of the seven heavens and Lord of the Great Throne?”

(23:87). They will say, “[They belong] to Allah .” Say, “Then will you not fear Him?”

(23:88) Ask them: “Say, if you indeed know, to whom belongs the dominion81 over all things; (Who is it) that grants asylum, but against Whom no asylum is available?”


(23:89) They will surely say: “(The dominion over all things) belongs to Allah.” Say: “Whence are you then deluded?”82


Here a wise person is shocked on the foolish actions of idolaters! Where is the wisdom of the idolaters? How they exchanged their deity / God from the one Who created the heavens, the earth, the light and darkness to the worship of false gods who cannot benefit or harm anyone and do not own even a small particle in the heavens and the earth. See the translation of the verses 191, 192 of the surah Al-A’raaf:

(7:191). Do they associate with Him those who create nothing and they are [themselves] created?

(7:192). And the false deities are unable to [give] them help, nor can they help themselves.


How did they make the earthen statues equal to the Lord (The King) of the lords (kings) and gave the humans like themselves status equal to the Great Lord Allah Taa’la?

Allah All-Mighty is high above what they (the idolaters ) attribute to Him, and is Holy and clean from all that they associate with Him.






How did they make the earthen statues equal to the Lord (The King) of the lords (kings) and gave the humans like themselves status equal to the Great Lord Allah Ta’la?

Allah All-Mighty is high above what they (the idolaters ) attribute to Him, and is Holy and clean from all that they associate with Him.


Al-Mutakabbir (The Ever Supreme)

This name of Allah All-Mighty came in the verse 23 of the surah Al-Hashr, its translation and the explanation of Al-Mutakabbir are:

(59:23) He is Allah: there is no god but He: the King,36 the Holy,37 the All-Peace,39 the Giver of security,38 the Overseer,40 the Most Mighty,41 the Overpowering,42 the All-Great.43 Exalted is He from whatever they associate with Him.

Exp. note 43:

43. The word Al-Mutakabbir has two meanings. 

(1) The one who is not actually great but poses as great. 

(2) The one who is actually great and sets himself up as such. 

Whether it is man or Satan, or some other creature, since greatness does not, in fact, belong to it, its posing itself as great and claiming superiority over others is, a false claim and a vice. Contrary to this, Allah Almighty is truly Great and greatness actually belongs to Him, and everything in the universe is low and insignificant as against Him. Therefore, His being Great and setting Himself up as Great is no false claim but reality; it is not an evil quality but a virtue and excellence, which no one else has but Allah. 

This attribute of Allah indicates the greatness of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala and the letter “ta” in Al-Mutakabbir shows its speciality and uniqueness. So this type of greatness is the quality of Allah alone, none else but only Allah has that level of Greatnesss. Severe punishment is announced for those who pretend to be Mutakabbir i.e. who show takabbur (greatness).

Qatadah said, He, Allah, is the One Whose Greatness is very high above any evil and any bad action. So from Him only good and righteousness come down. No example can be set for Him, He is very High above the qualities of the creations/creatures. Allah is very High above any defect or demerits. Thus this name of Allah proves Allah’s perfection in all of His names, qualities, Attributes and His actions.

This name of Allah does not deserve any from the creation because only Allah is the King / Sovereign while all others are the subjects.  Only Allah is the Lord, the Cherisher while all others are the needies cherished ones. Allah is the only One Creator while all others are the creations and creatures.

Allah is the only One Unique Owner of all Attributes, Beauty, Greatness and Honor. As the Allah’s Messenger salla Allaho alayhi wa sallam used to say during bowing and prostration:

سبحان ذي الجبروت والملكوت والكبرياء والعظمة      

Allah, the Lord of Glory is the Owner of all power, kingdom and Highness. So the One Who is high above any defect and to Whom belong the kingdom, planning and management and Whose names, Attributes and functions/ acts are all very great, that One is the Al-Mutakabbir. The Al-Mutakabbir is the only One without any partner or any associate. That God is the one, Single, and Unique.

As far as the creation and creatures are concerned, their status is that of the servants and slaves who are low and must stay humble before the Lord of the worlds. They must be in the worship and obedience of the Lord and they must remember Him, bow and prostrate to Him. They must say Allaho-Akbar while going down and up in the state of rukoo’ (bowing) and sujood (prostration). In fact, in the daily prayers every act starts with the saying “Allaho-Akbar” (Allah is the Greatest)        

As Takabbur is only the quality of Allah, it deserves none else but Allah, therefore, if any human or jinny or any other creature shows takabbar, then God will punish him/her with severe punishment here and in the here-after. Allah mentioned in Allah’s mighty Book (the Holy Quraan), at many places, the chastisement given to the al-mustakbireen (the proud and arrogant) for e.g. in the surah Ghaafir (Al-Mu’min) verse 60 (its translation is):

 (40:60) Your82 Lord said: “Pray to Me, and I will accept your prayers.83 Surely those who wax too proud to worship Me shall enter Hell, utterly abased.”84


Surah Al-Zumar (Az-Zumar) verse 60 and 72 (translation only):

(39:60). And on the Day of Resurrection you will see those who lied about Allah [with] their faces blackened. Is there not in Hell a residence for the arrogant?

(39:72). [To them] it will be said, “Enter the gates of Hell to abide eternally therein, and wretched is the residence of the arrogant.”


Al-Jabbaar (The Enforcer of HIS decrees):

Exp-note 42 (of the verse 23 of surah Al-Hashar):

42. The word Al-Jabbaar as used in the original is derived from jabr which means setting something right by use of power, reforming something by force. Allah has been called Al-Jabbaar in the sense that He sets the system of His universe right by the use of power and enforces His will, which is entirely based on wisdom. Moreover, the word Jabber also contains the meaning of greatness and glory. Thus, a palm-tree which is too tall for the people to pluck its fruit is called jabber in Arabic. Likewise, an act which is grand and glorious is called amal jabbar. 

The other meanings of Jabbaar as given in the light of the Quraanic verses are:

  1. Overpowering;

          All things are low and subjected to Allah, everything and everyone is in submission to Allah willfully or unwillfully. None has power to resist the All-Mighty God. Thus the upper world (the heavens) as well as the lower world (the earth, mountains and the oceans ) and all that which is in them surrender to Allah in their state of motion and rest. All are under the rule and management of Allah. They have no status of command. All Command and Rule belongs only to Allah.

The Command of Allah encompasses all rules of religion, fortune, and recompense. None is Haakim except Allah. None is Lord or God except Allah.

It does not mean that a person/servant is obliged in his/her personal actions. No! This is not the case because All-Mighty God has given him/her freedom of choice in his/her personal actions. So Allah said in surah Al-Kahf verse 29 and surah Al-Shams (pronounced as Ash-Shams) verses 7-10, here is their translation:

 (18:29) And say, “This is the truth from your Lord, so whoever wills – let him believe; and whoever wills – let him disbelieve.” Indeed, We have prepared for the wrongdoers a fire whose walls will surround them. And if they call for relief, they will be relieved with water, like murky oil, which scalds [their] faces. How dreadful is the drink and how evil is the resting place!


This verse clearly informs that the truth of Tawheed (absolute Oneness of God) is very clear.Now the mankind is left with freedom to choose what way they like, whether the way of belief or the way of disbelief. But they must understand that the Haq (the Truth about God and the Accounting and Judgement Day will not be compromised. So those who willfully choose the wrong way (the way of Satan + their lust) will be punished in Hell with severe chastisement while those who will choose the right way will be rewarded in Paradise (see the next verse i.e verse 30 for their reward in Paradise).Surah Al-Shams (Ash-Shams) verses 7—10 (translation only):

(91:7). And [by] the soul and He who proportioned it

(91:8). And inspired it [with discernment of] its wickedness and its righteousness,

(91:9). He has succeeded who purifies it,

(91:10). And he has failed who instills it [with corruption].


Here again Allah the All-Mighty God makes it clear that mankind is given freedom to choose the way of life they want. But they will be accounted and recompensed according to their faith and deeds.

The second meaning of Al-Jabbaar includes Allah’s Kindess and Mercy. According to this meaning, Allah makes someone poor and forces him/her to be patient. Then Allah gives him great reward for his poverty and sufferings. Similarly, a sick person is obliged to be patient on his illness and suffering. Then Allah gives him patience and relieves his/her pain, thus his/her sins are washed away. Those who fear Allah a lot and their hearts are remembering Allah, they are obliged by special Jabar. So they feel more and more greatness of Allah. If they by mistake are getting near a sinful thing, their hearts get fear and are warned in different way to be protected from the sins. The more a Muslim fears Allah, the greater he/she will be near Allah and will feel Allah’s attributes to stay away from sins. So their hearts are getting guided more and more in accordance with Quran and Sunnah. There is a du’aa “Allahumma ajbirnee” (meaning, “O Allah force me / compel me”). The meaning of this du’aa is the same type of Jabar , merciful jabar for protection from sins. It comes in the Al-Tirhmidhi and Ibn Maajah in a hadeeth narrated by Ibn Abbas RAA that the Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) صلى الله عليه و سلم used to say between the two prostrations in salaat:

 الهم اغفرلي  وارحمني و اجبرني و اهدني ارزقني

It means: “O Allah, forgive me, do mercy on me, compel me and guide me, and give me sustenance”.

The third meaning of Al-Jabbaar is the Highness of Allah over and above all the creations. And this Al-Jabaroot is only for one Allah. According to a hadeeth shareef given here the Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him) صلى الله عليه و سلم   used to say in his rukoo (bowing down in prayer) and sujood (prostration):

سبحان ذي الجبروت و الملكوت و الكبرياء و العظمة

If anyone from the creation practices jabar so he/she will face the anger of Allah. Allah has promised for such a one severe punishment. Allah said in the verse 35 of Surah Ghaafir (Al-Mu’min) its translation is:

(40:35). Those who dispute concerning the signs of Allah without an authority having come to them – great is hatred [of them] in the sight of Allah and in the sight of those who have believed. Thus does Allah seal over every heart [belonging to] an arrogant tyrant.

Also Allah said in Surah Ibraheem verses 15-17 (translation only):

(14:15) They sought Our judgement. And every obstinate tyrant opposed to the Truth was brought to naught

(14:16). Before him is Hell, and he will be given a drink of purulent water.

(14:17). He will gulp it but will hardly [be able to] swallow it. And death will come to him from everywhere, but he is not to die. And before him is a massive punishment.

It came in Ahmad and Al-Tirmidhee from Abu Hurairah RAA, he said that Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم   said:

On the Day of Resurrection, a neck will come out of the Fire (of Hell). It has two eyes to see with, two ears to hear with, and a tongue that it will speak with. It will say: surely, I am appointed upon three: 1. Al-Jabbaarin Aneed (stubborn tyrants), 2) all those who associate other parteners with Allah, and 3) upon the picture makers.



May Allah protect us from the Fire and from the Anger of Al-Jabbaar (God) and also we seek the refuge of Allah Subhaanahu from the evils of character, and from lust desires and moral illnesses.


Al-Azeez: (The All-Mighty):

This name of Allah came many times in the verses of the Holy Quraan. One of the verses is the verse 23 of the surah Al-Hashr. Its translation is here:

(59:23) He is Allah: there is no god but He: the King,36 the Holy,37 the All-Peace,39 the Giver of security,38 the Overseer,40 the Most Mighty,41 the Overpowering,42 the All-Great.43 Exalted is He from whatever they associate with Him.

Exp-note 41:

41. Al-Azeez: such an Almighty Being against Whom no one may dare raise his head, no one may have the power to resist His decrees, before Whom everyone may be helpless and powerless.

This great name of Allah has come in the Holy Quraan for about a hundred times. This also means that all types of izzah (Honor belongs only to Allah, as Allah said in surah Yoonus verse 65:

إن العزة لله جميعاً  

Surely all honor belongs to Allah alone. Here “all honor” means all kinds of honor and honor in all fields here and in the Here-After. This can be explained under three headings:

  1. Izzah Al-Quwwah

That is the Honor of Power. Thisis a great attribute of Allah. So none of the creatures/creation is compareable to Allah in Power, no matter how tremendously huge the creature / creation may be.

Allah said in surah Al-Dhaariyaat verse 58 (translation only):

(51:58) Surely Allah is the Bestower of all provision, the Lord of all power, the Strong.55

And Allah said in surah Al-Hajj verse 74

(22:74) They have not formed a true estimate of Allah. Indeed, Allah is All-Powerful, All-Mighty.

  • Al-Izzah Al-Imtinaa’ (that is the honor that none else deserves. In other words no one else can reach it).

The examples are;None of the servants can be able to harm Allah while He ( God /Allah) does harm them. No one of the servants can be able to benefit Him (Allah) while Allah does benefit them. Allah is Addaar and an-Naafi’ (Al-Daar and Al-Naafi’) i.e. The Giver of harm and the Giver of benefit. Allah is high above any weakness. So none can reach Allah in any way. None deserves such a status. All are the creations while Allah alone is the Creator. Allah is Al-Ghanee and Al-Mu’tee and Al-Maani’. That is Allah is self-sufficient, does not depend upon anyone while all others depend upon Him. Allah gives blessings to whom He wills and prevents from whom He wills. Allah does not need any partner or helper and Allah is high above any weakness or defect. Allah said in the following verses:

Surah Al-Safaat (As-Safaat) verses 180—182 (translation only);

(37:180) Exalted is your Lord, the Lord of Glory, above what they attribute to Him,

(37:181) and peace be upon the Messengers,

(37:182) and all praise is for Allah, the Lord of the Universe.


And Allah said in surah Al-Room (Ar-Room) verse 27 (translation only);

(30:27) It is He Who creates in the first instance and it is He Who will repeat the creation, and that is easier for Him.38 His is the loftiest attribute in the heavens and the earth. He is the Most Mighty, the Most Wise.  


  • Izzatul-Qahar wal-ghalbah lijmee-il kaa-inaat (The Honor of overcoming and subjugating the whole universe /all creation).

The whole universe with all of the creatures and creations in it are overpowered by Allah and they are subservient to the Greatness of Allah, and obedient to the Will of Allah. The forelocks of all creatures are in Allah’s Hand. Nothing can move without the Will of Allah. Whatever is done by the creatures and people is done only by Allah’s leave. So whatever Allah wants happens and what Allah doesn’t want will not happen. There is no strength in or power with anyone except that which is given by Allah.

 Surah Aali-Imraan verses 26 and 27 (translation only):

(3:26). Say: ‘O Allah, Lord of all dominion! You give dominion to whom You will, and take away dominion from whom You will, and You exalt whom You will, and abase whom You will. In Your Hand is all good. Surely You are All-Powerful.

        (3:27) You cause the night to pass into the day and the day to pass into the night. You bring forth the living out of the dead, and You bring the dead out of the living, and You give sustenance to whom You will beyond all reckoning.’24

Surah Al-Hadeed verse 1 (translation and explanation):

(57:1) All that is in the heavens and the earth extols the glory of Allah.1 He is the Most Mighty, the Most Wise.2

Exp. note 2:

That is, not only is He All-Mighty and All-Wise, but the truth is that He alone is All-Mighty and All-Wise. The word Aziz signifies a mighty and powerful Being Whose decrees cannot be prevented by any power in the world from being enforced, Whom no one can oppose and resist, Who has to be obeyed by every one whether one likes it or not, Whose rebel cannot escape His accountability and punishment in any way. The word Hakeem signifies that whatever He does, He does it wisely. His creation, His administration and rule, His commands and guidance, all are based on wisdom. None of His works is tarnished by any tract of folly or ignorance.

There is another fine point here, which one should fully understand. Seldom in the Quran has Allah’s attribute of Azeez (All-Mighty) been accompanied by His attributes of being Qawi (Strong), Muqtadir (Powerful), Jabber (Omnipotent), Dhuntiqam (Avenger) and the like, which only signify His absolute power, and this has been so only in places where the context demanded that the wicked and disobedient be warned of Allah’s relentless punishment. Apart from such few places, wherever the word Azeez has been used for Allah, it has everywhere been accompanied by one or other of His attributes of being Hakeem (Wise), Aleem (Knower), Raheem (Merciful), Ghafur (Forgiving), Wahhaab (Generous) and Hameed (Praiseworthy). The reason is that if a being who wields un-limited power is at the same time unwise, ignorant, un-forgiving as well as stingy and devoid of character, its power and authority cannot but lead to injustice and wickedness. Thus, wherever injustice and wickedness is being committed in the world, it is only because the one who wields authority over others, is either using his power un-wisely and foolishly, or he is merciless and hardhearted, or evil-minded and wicked. Wherever power is coupled with these evil traits of character, no good can be expected to result. That is why in the Quran Allah’s attribute of Azeez has necessarily been accompanied by His attributes of being All-Wise and Knowing, Compassionate and Forgiving, Praiseworthy and Generous. So that man may know that the God Who is ruling this universe has, on the one hand, such absolute power that no one, from the earth to the heavens, can prevent His decrees from being enforced. But, on the other hand, He is also All-Wise: His each decision is based on perfect wisdom. He is also All- Knowing: whatever decision He makes, it is precisely according to knowledge. He is also Compassionate: He does not use infinite power mercilessly. He is Forgiving as well: He does not punish His creatures for trifling faults, but overlooks their errors. He is also Generous: He does not treat His subjects stingily, but liberally and benevolently. And He is also Praiseworthy: He combines in Himself all praiseworthy virtues and excellences.

The importance of this statement of the Quran can be better understood by those people who are aware of the discussions of the philosophy of politics and law on the question of sovereignty. Sovereignty connotes that the one who possesses it should wield un-limited power: there should be no internal and external power to change or modify his decision or prevent it from being enforced, and none should have any alternative but to obey him. At the mere concept of this infinite and un-limited power, man’s common-sense necessarily demands that whoever attains to such power, should be faultless and perfect in knowledge and wisdom, for if the one holding this power is ignorant, merciless and evil, his sovereignty will inevitably lead to wickedness and corruption. That is why the philosophers, who regarded a single man, or a man-made institution, or an assembly of men as the holder of this power, have had to presume that he or it would be infallible. But obviously, neither can unlimited sovereignty be actually attained by a human power, nor is it possible for a king, or a parliament, or a nation, or a party that it may use the sovereignty attained by it in a limited circle faultlessly and harmlessly. The reason is that the wisdom that is wholly free of every trace of folly, and the knowledge that fully comprehends all the related truths, is not at all possessed even by entire mankind, not to speak of its being attained by an individual, or an institution, or a nation. Likewise, as long as man is man, his being wholly free of and above selfishness, sensuality, fear, greed, desires, prejudice and sentimental love, anger and hate is also not possible. If a person ponders over these truths, he will realize that the Quran is indeed presenting here a correct and perfect view of sovereignty. It says that no one except Allah in this universe is possessor of absolute power, and with this unlimited power He alone is faultless, All-Wise and All- Knowing, Compassionate and Forgiving, and Praiseworthy and Generous in His dealings with His subjects.


The effects of one’s faith in this Attribute of Allah i.e. Al-Azeez will be that the humility of a Muslim will be only to Allah, he /she will ask du’aa only from Allah, will request only Allah for protection, honor, sustenance etc. His /her head will bow only before Allah Ta’ala. 



Al-Muhaimin (The Guardian, the Observer, the Overseer, the Protector)

This name of Allah came in the verse 23 of the surah Al-Hashr. Its translation and explanation is here:

(59:23) He is Allah: there is no god but He: the King,36 the Holy,37 the All-Peace,38 the Giver of security,39 the Overseer,40 the Most Mighty,41 the Overpowering,42 the All-Great.43 Exalted is He from whatever they associate with Him.

Exp-note 40:

40. The word Al-Muhaimin has three meanings: 

(1) The Guardian and Protector. 

(2) The Observer who sees what everyone does. 

(3) The Being Who has taken up the responsibility to fulfill the needs and requirements of the people. 

Here also, since the word Al-Muhaimin has been used absolutely, and no object has been mentioned of this subject, therefore, it by itself gives the implied meaning that He is guarding and protecting all creatures, is watching the acts and deeds of everyone, and has taken up the responsibility of sustaining and providing for every creature in the universe with its needs and requirements. 

The other meanings of Al-Muhaimin are: The One who is very High, the One Who knows all hidden matters and knows the secrets of the hearts. Al-Muhaimin is the One Whose knowledge encompasses everything, Who is a Witness on all people’s actions, and is also an Observer and Watcher on the deeds of people, nothing of their action is hidden from Him, no particle in the heaven and the earth is hidden from Him.

Allah also gave this name to the Holy Quraan in the verse 48 of the surah Al-Maa’idah. Here is the translation and explanatory note 79 of the verse 48 of surah Al-Maa’idah:

(5:48) Then We revealed the Book to you (O Muhammad!) with Truth, confirming whatever of the Book was revealed before,78 and protecting and guarding over it.79 Judge, then, in the affairs of men in accordance with the Law that Allah has revealed, and do not follow their desires in disregard of the Truth which has come to you. For each of you We have appointed a Law and a way of life.80 And had Allah so willed, He would surely have made you one single community; instead, (He gave each of you a Law and a way of life) in order to test you by what He gave you. Vie, then, one with another in good works. Unto Allah is the return of all of you; and He will then make you understand the truth concerning the matters on which you disagreed.81

Exp. note 79:

79. In Arabic, haymana, yuhayminu, hayamanah signify ‘to protect, to witness, to keep trust, to back and to support’. The expression ‘haymana al-rajul al-shay’ means that the man protected and guarded the thing. Likewise, ‘haymana al-ta’ir ‘alafirdkhih’ means that the bird took its young ones under the protection of its wings. Once ‘Umar said to the people: ‘Inni da’in fa hayminu’ (‘I am praying; support me by saying amen’). To say that the Qur’an is muhaymin of al-kitab means that it preserves all the true teachings of the earlier divine books; that it has secured them from loss. The Qur’an also confirms those Books in that the contents of the Qur’an testify to the truth of those parts which are indeed from God. The Qur’an is, further, a witness over those Books in the sense that, with its help, the elements which embody true revelations from God can be distinguished from the accretions which have corrupted them. Whatever in these Books accords with the Qur’an is from God, and whatever is not in conformity with it is from human beings.


The Holy Quraan is ameen on those previous Divine Books in the sense that it preseves and secures all those statements in the Books of the past, those statements which were sent down by Allah.  The meaning of Al-Muhaymin in the above exp.note 79 makes it more clear that the Al-Muhaymin attribute of Allah points to all those great qualities of Allah All-Mighty God.


Al-Mu’min ( The Testifier, The Giver of security):

This great name of Allah has come in the Holy Quran only once and that is in the verse 23 of surah Al-Hashar. The translation of the verse is:

(59:23) He is Allah: there is no god but He: the King,36 the Holy,37 the All-Peace,38 the Giver of security,39 the Overseer,40 the Most Mighty,41 the Overpowering,42 the All-Great.43 Exalted is He from whatever they associate with Him.

Exp-note 39:

39. The word Al-Mu’min is derived from amn, which means to secure from fear, and Mu’min is the one who provides security to others. Allah has been called Al-Mumin in the sense that He provides security to His creatures. His creatures are secure from the fear that He would ever wrong them, or deprive them of their rights, or allow their rewards to go to waste, or would violate the promises He has made with them. Then, since no object has been mentioned with this subject, but the epithet of Al-Mumin has been used absolutely, it automatically gives the meaning that His security comprehends the entire universe and all that it contains. 

The other meanings of this name are:

The name is also related with the word “al-eemaan” which means to believe and testify, also the one who confirms (authorizes true) the eemaan of Muslims.

So Allah is Al-Mu’min in the sense that Allah admires Himself as One Single and Unique God. Mujaahid rahmatullahi alaihi said:  Al-Mu’min is the One Who testified Himself to be One by saying; “Shahida-Allaho annahu laa ilaha illa huwa” (Allah witnessed /testified that there is no God except Him). This is a part of the verse 18 of the surah Aali-Imraan. This is the greatest testimony from the Greatest Witness (Allah) on the most important of the object which is Tawheed of Allah and the purifying of the Deen (religion) for Him. Tawheed means to believe in the absolute Oneness of God.      

It comes in the Al-Tirmidhi, Ibn. Maajah and others that Abu Hurairah and abu Sa-eed testified that Allah’s Messenger salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam said, “ when a servent says ‘laa ilaha ill Allaho, wa-Allaho akbar’ Allah Tabaarak wa Ta’ala says ‘ My servant said the truth, there is no God except Me and I am the Greatest’. And when (the servant) says, ‘laa ilaha illa Allaho wahdahu’ (Allah) says, ‘My servant said the truth, there is no God but I, the One’. And when he ( the servant) says, ‘laa ilaha illa Allaho wahdahu laa shareeka lahu’ (Allah) says, ‘My servant said the truth, there is no God but I, there is no partner with Me’. And when (the servant ) said, ‘laa ilaha illa Allaho lahul mulku wa lahul hamd’ (Allah )says, My servant said the truth, there is no God but I, Mine is the Kingdom and for Me are the Praises. And when (the servant) said, ‘‘laa ilaha illa Allaho   
wa laa hawla wa laa quwwata illa billah (bi-Allah)’ (Allah) says, ‘My servant said the truth, there is no God but I and there is no power and no strength but with Me’.

Thus it is the great testimony from Allah for the absolute Oneness of Himself and also the confirmation of the testifying of the servants. This confirmation by Allah of their testimonies about tawheed and other articles of faith becomes a proof and evidence to help them on the Day of Judgement. Ibn Al-Qayyim rahmatullahi alaihi said that from His Names one is Al-Mu’min which in one of the commentaries, is considered to be Al-Musaddiq. Al-Musaddiq means the One Who confirms the truth of the truthful and provides evidence of their truthfulness. So Allah, the Al-Mu’min Al-Musaddiq confirmed the truthfulness of His Prophets and Messengers alayhim salaam. Allah, due to His Attribute Al-Mu’min, revealed evidences to prove the truth of His messengers, that whatever they said regarding the religion, is true and is from Allah. That the Divine Books (e.g. the Holy Quraan) is truly the Revelation of Allah. To understand this point see the translation of the following Verses of the Holy Quraan:

Surah Fusilat verses 52 and 53 (translation only):

(41:52) Say, “Have you considered: if the Qur’an is from Allah and you disbelieved in it, who would be more astray than one who is in extreme dissension?”

(41:53) We will show them Our signs in the horizons and within themselves until it becomes clear to them that it is the truth. But is it not sufficient concerning your Lord that He is, over all things, a Witness?


Al-Salaam (read as As-Salaam):

(The All-Peace)

This name of Allah Ta’ala came in the verse 23 of the surah Al-Hashr. Its translation with the explanation is here:

(59:23) He is Allah: there is no god but He: the King,36 the Holy,37 the All-Peace,38 the Giver of security,39 the Overseer,40 the Most Mighty,41 the Overpowering,42 the All-Great.43 Exalted is He from whatever they associate with Him.

Exp-note 38:
This is the explanation of the name Al-Salaam (As-Salaam)

38. The word As-Salaam as used in the original means peace and secure, Allah’s being called As-Salaam means that He is peace and safety personified. He is far exalted that some calamity or weakness or defect should befall Him, or His Perfection should suffer a decline or blemish. 

The details of this name are:

The meaning of Al-Salaam (As-Salaam) includes safety and security from all types of defects in person, attributes and actions. So Allah Jalla wa Aa’la is truly safe from all points of view. Allah, in person, is perfect safety and peace, and no defect or evil can touch Him. All His Attributes are high above any defect. His Actions are perfectly safe from any type of defect, evil or harm. That is none of His actions happens without wisdom. He Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala is safe and clean from the company of a spouse or a child, is safe from having any like of Him, and is Safe and clean from any associate or partner.

This name (As-Salaam) is applied in all of the Attributes of Allah. Thus every attribute of Allah is Salaam i.e. safe and secure from having any defect. Haafiz ibn Al-Qayyim rahamhullah said in his explanation of this great name: If you think and observe the greatness of this attribute of Allah, you will find every attribute salaaman (safe and secure) from the opposite qualities. So Allah is Al-Hayyi (Living) and Allah’s Life is Salaaman (safe ) from death, drowsiness and sleep. His Supporting and His application of power are all safe and free from any tiredness. His Knowledge is safe from ignorance, mistake and forgetfulness. Moreover Allah doesn’t need to think or remember. His intention is safe (Salaam) from getting out of wisdom or going away from benefitting and reforming. His Words are safe and clean from any falsehood or injustice. Rather Allah’s Words are “Tammat kalimatihi sidqanwwa adla” . Allah said in the verse 115 of the surah Al-An’aam, its translation is:

        (6:115). And the word of your Lord has been fulfilled in truth and in justice. None can alter His words, and He is the Hearing, the Knowing.

Allah’s Self-Sufficiency is Salaam from any need or dependence upon others. Rather all others depend upon Allah for their needs and safety and Allah is absolutely Self-Sufficient.

His kingdom is safe from any dispute or conflicts etc. that means there is no equal king to fight or dispute or make conflict or clash against Allah in Allah’s kingdom. It is also Salaam from having any helper or any intercessor without His permission. His God-hood is safe and high above having any associate or partner. His forbearing, patience and forgiving are safe (salaam) from any need or weakness. So when Allah forbears, shows patience to His servants and even forgives their sins, that is not because Allah is weak or needs something from them. Rather it is due to Allah All-Mighty’s favor, kindness and generosity towards His servants. Thus Allah gives time to His servants, doesn’t punish them at once and if they repent, will forgive their sins.

Allah’s Anger, Revenge and Punishment, and His speedy chastisement are salaam in the meaning that it is not due to cruelty, hard-heartedness or injustice but is fully based on Hikmah (Wisdom) and Justice. So Allah’s punishment also deserves to praise Him like His Forgiving deserves to praise Him. This is because if Allah leaves a cruel transgressor free and unchecked by punishment then the others will be in trouble and their life will become hard for them. Thus it is against wisdom and justice to leave the cruels free for transgression and corruption in the land of Allah where everyone has the right to live in peace and safety.

Allah’s making fortune is also salaam i.e. safe from any injustice, it is with full hikmah (wisdom). Allah’s Deen (religion) and Laws are all Salaam i.e. the entire Islaamic system is peace, safety and security because there is no defect or conflict between the Commands of Allah and the human nature. None of Allah’s Commands puts burdon on man that he/she cannot bear. All of the Islamic Commands are full of mercy and grace, and are based on wisdom and justice. These Commands are for the welfare and benefit of mankind here and in the here-after. Similarly, Allah’s bestowing blessings on the servants is salaam from any need for a substitute etc. Allah doesn’t owe to people any thing nor He needs anything from them. Thus it is only the kindness of Allah that He bestows blessings on people. And when Allah stops blessings from a person then it is also salaam from any greed or fear of destitution. So Allah’s stopping blessings from someone is purely based on justice and wisdom and is not due to greediness or poverty.

In short, Allah is Salaam in His all attributes. Truly Allah is a very Unique Being, so we cannot imagin or describe His attributes in full. We understand a lot from Allah’s creation which is before our eyes. But at the same time there are lots more which are hidden from our eyes or are beyond our understanding. Allah’s one name is Az-Zaahir (written as Al-Zaahir) it means the Manifest One. The other and opposite name is Al-Baatin (The Hidden One). Allah is Zaahir i.e. Manifest because of Allah’s great creative Power. So we can see the greatness of All-Mighty God by looking at the surrounding excellent universe. But at the same time Allah is hidden from our eyes, We cannot see the Great Great Being, our Creator, although Allah is so near to us! Allah is As-Salaam and Al-Ghaniyyun-Hameed (Self Sufficient and Praiseworthy).

Allah’s seeing and hearing are also salaam from similarity with that of the creation. The seeing and hearing of the creation cannot be compared to that of Allah. Allah sees and hears all what is inside all hearts and all cells, nuclei and genes etc. Allah sees and hears each and everything at one and the same time. Nothing is hidden from Allah in the darkness of the night, in the depth of the oceans and even inside and under the earth.

Allah’s making someone friend is also salaam (safe) from any weakness. Allah made the Prophets and pious Muslims His friends but it was due to kindness and good of Allah and not due to any type of weakness or need. Allah said in the verse 111 of the surah Al-Israa:

Surah Al-Israa verse 111 (translation only);

(17:111) And say: “All praise be to Allah Who has neither taken to Himself a son, nor has He any partner in His kingdom, nor does He need any protecting friend, out of weakness”. So glorify Him in a manner worthy of His glory.


The evidence of this great name of Allah Ta’ala is that Allah is the Lord of peace, Safety and security. Look at the management of that Lord and think about it. Generally, this earth is made full of peace and safety for the creation. The Sun, the moon, the stars and the cycle of the day and night are all made safe and beneficial to the creatures. Allah said salaam to His Prophets as can be seen in the following verses of the Holy Quraan.

Surah Al-Naml (An-Naml) verse 59:

(27:59). Say,  [O Muhammad], “Praise be to Allah, and peace upon His servants whom He has chosen. Is Allah better or what they associate with Him?”

Surah Al-Saffaat (As-Saffaat) 79, 109, 120, 130 (their translation only):

(37:79). “Peace upon Noah among the worlds.”

(37:109). “Peace upon Abraham.”

(37:120). “Peace upon Moses and Aaron.”

(37:130). “Peace upon Elias.”


Allah said salaam (peace) to the dwellers of Paradise. See the translation of the following verses.

Surah al-Ahzaab 44:

(33:44). Their greeting the Day they meet Him will be, “Peace.” And He has prepared for them a noble reward.

Surah Yaseen 58:

(36:58). [And] “Peace,” a word from a Merciful Lord.

Surah Ibraheem 23:

(14:23). And those who believed and did righteous deeds will be admitted to gardens beneath which rivers flow, abiding eternally therein by permission of their Lord; and their greeting therein will be, “Peace!”


Allah made Paradise Salaam (safe and peaceful place) for the righteous believers, and it is safe from death, grief and sadness. It is also safe from any type of stress and oppression. See the translation of the surah Al-An’aam verse 127:

(6:127). For them will be the Home of Peace with their Lord. And He will be their protecting friend because of what they used to do.

Allah also made ‘Salaam’(peace) the word of greeting in this world. So we greet eachother by saying, “As-Salaam-o-alaykum” (Peace be on you all).

There is a hadeeth shareef (its translation is): ‏

Narrated Abu Hurairah: that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “By the One in Whose Hand is my soul! You will not enter Paradise until you believe, and you will not believe until you love one another. Shall I inform you about a matter which if you do it, then you will love one another? Spread the Salam among each other.”


القدوس, ِالسبوح

Al-Quddoos, Al-Subooh ( read as As-Subooh)

Al-Quddoos means The Holy One and Al-Subooh means The Prais-Worthy. 

Al-Quddoos is mentioned in the Holy Quraan for e.g. in surah al-Hashr verse 23 and surah Al-Jumu’ah verse 1. 
Surah Al-Jumu’ah verse 1 (translation):

(62:1).Whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth is exalting Allah, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Exalted in Might, the Wise.

Al-Subooh has come in the Sunnah. Ayishah rAa said that the Messenger salla Allaho alaihi wa sallam used to say in his rakoo and sujood ( bowing and prostration),  “Subboohun Quddoosun, Rabbunaa wa Rabbul Malaa’ikati wa Al-Rooh (read as Ar-Rooh)”.

The Two names confirm that Allah is very high above any defect, and weaknesses. For e.g. Allah is always alive and shall never die, is always awake and never sleeps. Even Allah doesn’t become drowsy. Allah is high above the weakness of needing or having children or wife. Allah cannot be resembled to any creation nor can any creation be resembled to HIM.

The exp. Note No. 37 of the verse 23 of surah Al-Hashr in the Commentary, (“Towards Understanding the Quraan”) gives good explanation of the name Al-Quddoos. It is here in the following:

Exp. note 37

*37 Quddus is a superlative. It means that Allah is far exalted that He should have a fault or defect or demerit: He is the purest Being, no evil can be imagined about Him. Here, one should clearly understand that the attribute of Holiness is a foremost accompaniment of sovereignty. Man’s intellect and nature refuse to believe that a being who is the bearer of sovereignty may be mischievous, ill behaved, ill-natured, who may be characterised with these base qualities from whose power and authority His subjects might be in danger of suffering evil instead of being blessed with good. That is why wherever man thinks sovereignty is centred; he assumes holiness also to be there, even if it is not there, for absolute sovereignty is inconceivable without holiness. But obviously, there is no real Sovereign except Allah, nor can there be.  Allah is the only real Sovereign and Allah is Al-Quddoos (The Holy One). Whether it is monarchy, or sovereignty of the people, or dictatorship of the socialist system, or some other form of human rule in any case holiness for it is inconceivable.  


Verse 23 of surah Al-Hashr has a few beautiful names of Allah Almighty which are explained in the Tafheemul-Quraan. The verse and its English translation are here:

هُوَ اللّٰهُ الَّذِىۡ لَاۤ اِلٰهَ اِلَّا هُوَ​ۚ اَلۡمَلِكُ الۡقُدُّوۡسُ السَّلٰمُ الۡمُؤۡمِنُ الۡمُهَيۡمِنُ الۡعَزِيۡزُ الۡجَـبَّارُ الۡمُتَكَبِّرُ​ؕ سُبۡحٰنَ اللّٰهِ عَمَّا يُشۡرِكُوۡن23)

(59:23) He is Allah: there is no god but He: the King,36 the Holy,37 the All-Peace,39 the Giver of security,38 the Overseer,40 the Most Mighty,41 the Overpowering,42 the All-Great.43 Exalted is He from whatever they associate with Him.

Also in the surah Al-Baqarah verse 30 Allah said (here is only its translation):

(2:30). And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, “Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority.” They said, “Will You place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise and sanctify You?” Allah said, “Indeed, I know that which you do not know.”

ونحن نسبح بحمد ك ونقدس لك…. …………………………………….           …

(The angels said we celebrate Your praises and sanctify You).

So the angels used to remember, praise and glorify Allah in the above words.

Al-Subooh (As-Subooh) and Al-Quddoos are two very great names of Allah which prove that Allah is high above any defect, demerit or weaknesses, and Allah is safe, secure from any quality opposite to Allah’s attributes. Allah does not need sleep or drowsiness. Allah Ta’ala is safe from having a child or father. Nothing can resemble Him nor does Allah resemble anything or any one.   ليس كمثله شىء  (“There is nothing like unto Him” These words are a part of the eleventh verse of surah Al-Shurah (Ash-Shurah), its translation is):

(42:11). [He is] Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you from yourselves, mates, and among the cattle, mates; He multiplies you thereby. There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing.

There are two kinds of things/qualities from which Allah is high above, safe and secure.

  1. Allah is high above any of the qualities opposite to His attributes. For e.g. Allah has the absolute qualities of knowledge and power. Allah is high above any forgetfulness or carelessness. Allah neither forgets nor makes mistake. In all of the heavens and the earths nothing is hidden from Him. No particle, small or big, or even microscopic is hidden from Allah All-Mighty God. Allah is high above from having any humbleness , tiredness, disease, or death. So Allah is free and safe from all of those human qualities of weakness. Allah has the Attributes of perfect Justice and Self-Sufficiency. Thus Allah is high above any cruelty or injustice, and doesn’t need anyone for help. Allah has the Attributes of wisdom and mercy. So any qualities opposite to His Attributes are never applicable to Him.
  • Allah is certainly high above any example in His creation and there is no equal or match of Allah. No matter how much a creation or creature is high and great, but is no match of the Creator. Rather the Creator has given them all of the qualities of wisdom, hearing, seeing and strength, understanding etc. It is only All-Mighty God who can make and has made excellent creatures and creations, excellent in all aspects. These excellent creations have no ability or power of its own so they fully depend upon the Creator. Therefore, we must do the tasbeeh (praising) and taqdees (glorifying) of Allah with the words high above any defect or weakness along with the Attributes of Praising and greatness. We must celebrate the praises and glory of Allah with the words that Allah taught us in His Book (the Holy Quraan) and through His Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him). It should not be in the words which are not proper for the honor of Allah otherwise it will become a grievous sin. There is a hadeeth of the Prophet (Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him):

كلمتان خفيفتان على اللسان ، ثقيلتان في الميزان، حبيبتان إلى الرحمن: سبحان الله وبحمده، سبحان الله العظيم

“Two words are light on the tongue, heavy in the balance, beloved to the Merciful: ‘Glory be to Allah and by His praise. Glory be to Allah, the Immense.’” (Bukhari)

Surah Al-Hijar 98:

فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ وَكُن مِّنَ السَّاجِدِينَ – 15:98 

(15:98). So exalt [ Allah ] with praise of your Lord and be of those who prostrate [to Him].

Surah Al-Saaffat 180—-182 (translation only)

سُبْحَانَ رَبِّكَ رَبِّ الْعِزَّةِ عَمَّا يَصِفُونَ -37:180

(37:180). Exalted is your Lord, the Lord of might, above what theyattribute to Him,

 (37:181). وَسَلَامٌ عَلَى الْمُرْسَلِينَ –

 (37:181). And peace upon the messengers.

وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ – 37:182

(37:182). And praise to Allah, Lord of the worlds.

Here in these three verses of the surah As-Saaffat Allah Ta’ala told us that Allah is safe and high above the qualities that the unbelievers attribute to Him.Then Allah said salaam on the Messengers to prove that the words of the Prophets for the praising of Allah are absolutely true and correct, and are safe from mistake.

Tasbeeh and Taqdees of Allah is the prayer of all creatures /creation as Allah told us in the surah Al-Israa 44 (its translation is):

(17:44). The seven heavens and the earth and whatever is in them exalt Him. And there is not a thing except that it exalts [ Allah ] by His praise, but you do not understand their [way of] exalting. Indeed, He is ever Forbearing and Forgiving.

According to a hadeeth shareef reported in Al-Bukhari and Imaam Ahmad, “if on one side of a balance the seven heavens and the seven earths are placed and on the other side the words  لا إلاه إلا الله(Laa ilaha illa-Allaho) are placed, the side with لا إلاه إلا الله will be heavier. (Please see the full hadeeth with its translation.)

May Allah make us from those who believe in the beautiful names and Attributes of Allah and celebrate His praises, those that are truthful about the Tawheed of Allah and His Greatness. Surely Allah answers our prayers and gives sustenance to every creature by His rememberance.

الملك و المليك

Al-Malik and Al-Maleek

(The Sovereign; and The Owner)

It means that Allah All-Mighty is The King, The Sovereign; and The Owner and Possessor of all man-kind as well as of all of the creation.

Both of these beautiful names have come in the Holy Qur’aan. The name Al-Malik can be seen in the following verses of surah Al-Hashar and Al-Mu’minoon. 

Al-Hashar 23:

هو الله لذي لا الاه الا هو الملك القدوس …..

سورة المؤمنون 116 : فتعالى الله الملك الحق …

The English translation of these verses is:

Al-Hashar 23:

He is Allah , other than whom there is no deity, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Perfection, the Bestower of Faith, the Overseer, the Exalted in Might, the Compeller, the Superior. Exalted is Allah above whatever they associate with Him.

Al-Mu’minoon 116:

116. So exalted is Allah , the Sovereign, the Truth; there is no deity except Him, Lord of the Noble Throne.


Al-Maleek occurs in verse 55 of Surah Al-Qamar:

إن المتقين في جنت ونهر . في مقعد صد ق عند مليك مقتدر. 

54. Indeed, the righteous will be among gardens and rivers,

55. In a seat of honor near a Sovereign, Perfect in Ability.

It also means that Allah is the King / the Sovereign of the entire universe and not of a particular region or of a specific country. HIS Sovereignty and Rule comprehends the whole universe and creation. Allah is the Owner of all treasures in the Heavens and the earth and those in between them. These two names prove that Allah Almighty is the Owner of everyone and everything and Allah can use the things and the creation in any way that HE wills. Also, it is true that all depend upon Allah for every necessity. So they cannot become independent of Allah. We all are Allah’s servants, no one can escape HIS possession nor can anyone live without HIS help and blessings. 

Allah said in Al-Zukhruf 85 (translation only): 

85. And blessed is He to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all between them: with Him is the Knowledge of the Hour (of Judgment): and to Him shall ye be brought back.

Surah Faatir 13—14 (translation only):

(35:13). He causes the night to enter the day, and He causes the day to enter the night and has subjected the sun and the moon – each running [its course] for a specified term. That is Allah, your Lord; to Him belongs sovereignty. And those whom you invoke other than Him do not possess [as much as] the membrane of a date seed.

(35:14). If you invoke them, they do not hear your supplication; and if they heard, they would not respond to you. And on the Day of Resurrection they will deny your association. And none can inform you like [one] Acquainted [with all matters].

And in Surah Faatir 15-17 (translation only):

15. O mankind, you are those in need of Allah , while Allah is the Free of need, the Praiseworthy.

16. If He wills, He can do away with you and bring forth a new creation.

17. And that is for Allah not difficult.

And in Al-Ankaboot 60 (translation only):

60. And so many a moving (living) creature there is, that carries not its own provision! Allah provides for it and for you. And He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower. 

Some examples of the quality of Malikiyyah (Ownership) of Allah can be described in the following fields. ( this is according to the understanding of the Muslim scholars in the Holy Quraan and the Sunnah, otherwise the vast Malikiyyah of Allah All-Mighty is beyond the scope of human knowledge): 

Ahkaam Al-Qadariyyah (the fortune /destiny of the creation),

Ahkaam Al-Shariyyah (all affairs of the religion)

Ahkaam Al- Jaza’iyyah (the recompense) in this world as well as in the Hereafter. 

Allah the Al-Malik has absolute power, Honor, Ability, and Knowledge to comprehend, encompass, and control everything. Allah uses HIS vast Wisdom, Mercy and Justice to carry out HIS plans … Allah has a general command for the upper world (heavens) and the lower world (earth + oceans) etc. as well as for this world and for the Hereafter. 

Allah has HIS fixed plans and does and orders whatever HE wills in HIS Sovereignty. There is no one to stop HIS orders or to turn the things against HIS will. 

Allah said in Surah Aali-Imraan 189 (its English translation is):

189. And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and Allah has power over all things. 

And in Surah Al-Furqan 25-26 (their English translation is):

25. And


the Day when the heaven will split open with [emerging] clouds, and the angels will be sent down in successive descent.

26. The sovereignty on that Day will be the true (sovereignty), belonging to the Most Beneficent (Allah), and it will be a hard Day for the disbelievers (those who disbelieve in the Oneness of Allah Islamic Monotheism)

… and in Surah Ghafir 16 (its English translation is):

16. The Day they come forth nothing concerning them will be hidden from Allah . To whom belongs [all] sovereignty this Day? To Allah , the One, the Irresistible. 

So the scholars described the attribute of Al-Malik as follows: 

Ahkam Al- Qadariyyah)

The life and death of all is ordained by Allah’s Command. When death of someone is ordained by Allah’s Command, no one can prevent it. If Allah ordained, for someone, loss and for another one gain, no one can change it or stop it from happening. Giving honor or humiliation, illness or health, wealth or poverty, high or low status, to some Allah gives sons, to some daughters, to some both and to some no children at all, all of these things are ordained by Allah as HE wills and none else has the power to control these things.

Ahkaam Al-Shariyyah:

For the Commands of religion Allah sent Prophets and Messengers and revealed Divine Books having Laws and Commands. The Prophets and messengers (alayhim salaam) were ordered to guide mankind to live by the Laws and Commands of Allah. So we all must live by the faith and actions ordered by Allah, and abstain from crossing the limits ordained by Him.

Ahkaam Al-Jaza’iyyah:

Allah shall recompense us all, for good and bad deeds, in the Hereafter. Allah also rewards and punishes in this world according to HIS Wisdom but the place for Final Justice and Recompense is the next world in the life Hereafter. 

All of these Commands are according to Allah’s wisdom, knowledge and justice and all are in HIS possession. None has the power to control them. Allah said in surah Al-Anbiyaa 23 (its English translation is):

23. He cannot be questioned as to what He does, while they will be questioned. 

Ibn. Qayyim said: “The truth about Sovereignty ( Al-Malik) is providing, preventing, honoring and dishonoring, rewarding with good or punishing according to Allah’s pleasure or anger respectively, giving high position ( like to a king ) or taking it away from them. Allah said in surah Aali-Imraan 26-27, (the English translation of these verses is):

26. Say, “O Allah , Owner of Sovereignty, You give sovereignty to whom You will and You take sovereignty away from whom You will. You honor whom You will and You humble whom You will. In Your hand is [all] good. Indeed, You are able to do all things.

27. You cause the night to enter the day, and You cause the day to enter the night; and You bring the living out of the dead, and You bring the dead out of the living. And You give provision to whom You will without account.”

And Allah said in surah Al-Rahmaan verses 29 -30, (their English translation is):

29. Whosoever is in the heavens and on earth begs of Him (its needs from Him). Every day He has a matter to bring forth (such as giving honour to some, disgrace to some, life to some, death to some, etc.)!

Another translation of the same verse is:

29. Of Him seeks (its need) every creature in the heavens and on earth: every day in (new) Splendour doth He (shine)! 

30. Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinns and men) deny? 

Allah forgives whom HE wills, gives health to sick and removes his pain, removes grief from and helps the oppressed ones, catches the cruel oppressors, makes beggars rich, will give honor to a low person and will bring down a powerful person, will take away some people and bring others in their place, will give rise and fall to nations and has written and ordained everything in fixed measure so that nothing comes earlier or later than its ordained time. So HE alone is The Malik and Possessor of all. All of HIS ordinances for HIS creation stay within HIS mercy, justice and wisdom; and nothing can go beyond HIS will and power. 

Here is the English translation of a few verses for your understanding:

Surah Faatir 13-14;

13. He merges the night into the day (i.e. the decrease in the hours of the night are added to the hours of the day), and He merges the day into the night (i.e. the decrease in the hours of the day are added to the hours of the night). And He has subjected the sun and the moon, each runs its course for a term appointed. Such is Allah your Lord; His is the kingdom. And those, whom you invoke or call upon instead of Him, own not even a Qitmir (the thin membrane over the datestone). 

14. If you invoke (or call upon) them, they hear not your call, and if (in case) they were to hear, they could not grant it (your request) to you. And on the Day of Resurrection, they will disown your worshipping them. And none can inform you (O Muhammad SAW) like Him Who is the All-Knower (of each and everything).

Surah Al-Maa’idah 76 (translation only);

Say (O Muhammad SAW to mankind): “How do you worship besides Allah something which has no power either to harm or to benefit you? But it is Allah Who is the All-Hearer, All-Knower.”